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360
Attributebased encryption for finegrained access control of encrypted data
 In Proc. of ACMCCS’06
, 2006
"... As more sensitive data is shared and stored by thirdparty sites on the Internet, there will be a need to encrypt data stored at these sites. One drawback of encrypting data, is that it can be selectively shared only at a coarsegrained level (i.e., giving another party your private key). We develop ..."
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Cited by 481 (23 self)
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As more sensitive data is shared and stored by thirdparty sites on the Internet, there will be a need to encrypt data stored at these sites. One drawback of encrypting data, is that it can be selectively shared only at a coarsegrained level (i.e., giving another party your private key). We develop a new cryptosystem for finegrained sharing of encrypted data that we call KeyPolicy AttributeBased Encryption (KPABE). In our cryptosystem, ciphertexts are labeled with sets of attributes and private keys are associated with access structures that control which ciphertexts a user is able to decrypt. We demonstrate the applicability of our construction to sharing of auditlog information and broadcast encryption. Our construction supports delegation of private keys which subsumes Hierarchical IdentityBased Encryption (HIBE). E.3 [Data En
Searchable symmetric encryption: improved definitions and efficient constructions
 Proceedings of the 13th ACM conference on Computer and communications security, CCS ’06, ACM
, 2006
"... Searchable symmetric encryption (SSE) allows a party to outsource the storage of his data to another party in a private manner, while maintaining the ability to selectively search over it. This problem has been the focus of active research and several security definitions and constructions have been ..."
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Cited by 171 (6 self)
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Searchable symmetric encryption (SSE) allows a party to outsource the storage of his data to another party in a private manner, while maintaining the ability to selectively search over it. This problem has been the focus of active research and several security definitions and constructions have been proposed. In this paper we begin by reviewing existing notions of security and propose new and stronger security definitions. We then present two constructions that we show secure under our new definitions. Interestingly, in addition to satisfying stronger security guarantees, our constructions are more efficient than all previous constructions. Further, prior work on SSE only considered the setting where only the owner of the data is capable of submitting search queries. We consider the natural extension where an arbitrary group of parties other than the owner can submit search queries. We formally define SSE in this multiuser setting, and present an efficient construction. 1
Candidate indistinguishability obfuscation and functional encryption for all circuits
 In FOCS
, 2013
"... In this work, we study indistinguishability obfuscation and functional encryption for general circuits: Indistinguishability obfuscation requires that given any two equivalent circuits C0 and C1 of similar size, the obfuscations of C0 and C1 should be computationally indistinguishable. In functional ..."
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Cited by 169 (37 self)
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In this work, we study indistinguishability obfuscation and functional encryption for general circuits: Indistinguishability obfuscation requires that given any two equivalent circuits C0 and C1 of similar size, the obfuscations of C0 and C1 should be computationally indistinguishable. In functional encryption, ciphertexts encrypt inputs x and keys are issued for circuits C. Using the key SKC to decrypt a ciphertext CTx = Enc(x), yields the value C(x) but does not reveal anything else about x. Furthermore, no collusion of secret key holders should be able to learn anything more than the union of what they can each learn individually. We give constructions for indistinguishability obfuscation and functional encryption that supports all polynomialsize circuits. We accomplish this goal in three steps: • We describe a candidate construction for indistinguishability obfuscation for NC 1 circuits. The security of this construction is based on a new algebraic hardness assumption. The candidate and assumption use a simplified variant of multilinear maps, which we call Multilinear Jigsaw Puzzles. • We show how to use indistinguishability obfuscation for NC 1 together with Fully Homomorphic Encryption (with decryption in NC 1) to achieve indistinguishability obfuscation for all circuits.
Predicate Encryption Supporting Disjunctions, Polynomial Equations, and Inner Products
"... Abstract. Predicate encryption is a new paradigm generalizing, among other things, identitybased encryption. In a predicate encryption scheme, secret keys correspond to predicates and ciphertexts are associated with attributes; the secret key SKf corresponding to a predicate f can be used to decryp ..."
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Cited by 168 (23 self)
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Abstract. Predicate encryption is a new paradigm generalizing, among other things, identitybased encryption. In a predicate encryption scheme, secret keys correspond to predicates and ciphertexts are associated with attributes; the secret key SKf corresponding to a predicate f can be used to decrypt a ciphertext associated with attribute I if and only if f(I) = 1. Constructions of such schemes are currently known for relatively few classes of predicates. We construct such a scheme for predicates corresponding to the evaluation of inner products over ZN (for some large integer N). This, in turn, enables constructions in which predicates correspond to the evaluation of disjunctions, polynomials, CNF/DNF formulae, or threshold predicates (among others). Besides serving as a significant step forward in the theory of predicate encryption, our results lead to a number of applications that are interesting in their own right. 1
Scalable and efficient provable data possession
 Proceedings of SecureComm 2008
"... Storage outsourcing is a rising trend which prompts a number of interesting security issues, many of which have been extensively investigated in the past. However, Provable Data Possession (PDP) is a topic that has only recently appeared in the research literature. The main issue is how to frequentl ..."
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Cited by 147 (3 self)
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Storage outsourcing is a rising trend which prompts a number of interesting security issues, many of which have been extensively investigated in the past. However, Provable Data Possession (PDP) is a topic that has only recently appeared in the research literature. The main issue is how to frequently, efficiently and securely verify that a storage server is faithfully storing its client’s (potentially very large) outsourced data. The storage server is assumed to be untrusted in terms of both security and reliability. (In other words, it might maliciously or accidentally erase hosted data; it might also relegate it to slow or offline storage.) The problem is exacerbated by the client being a small computing device with limited resources. Prior work has addressed this problem using either public key cryptography or requiring the client to outsource its data in encrypted form. In this paper, we construct a highly efficient and provably secure PDP technique based entirely on symmetric key cryptography, while not requiring any bulk encryption. Also, in contrast with its predecessors, our PDP technique allows outsourcing of dynamic data, i.e, it efficiently supports operations, such as block modification, deletion and append. 1.
Privacy Preserving Keyword Searches on Remote Encrypted Data
, 2004
"... We consider the following problem: a user wants to store his files in an encrypted form on a remote file server S. ..."
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Cited by 144 (0 self)
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We consider the following problem: a user wants to store his files in an encrypted form on a remote file server S.
Practical identitybased encryption without random oracles
 of LNCS
"... Abstract. We present an Identity Based Encryption (IBE) system that is fully secure in the standard model and has several advantages over previous such systems – namely, computational efficiency, shorter public parameters, and a “tight ” security reduction, albeit to a stronger assumption that depen ..."
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Cited by 139 (2 self)
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Abstract. We present an Identity Based Encryption (IBE) system that is fully secure in the standard model and has several advantages over previous such systems – namely, computational efficiency, shorter public parameters, and a “tight ” security reduction, albeit to a stronger assumption that depends on the number of private key generation queries made by the adversary. Our assumption is a variant of Boneh et al.’s decisional Bilinear DiffieHellman Exponent assumption, which has been used to construct efficient hierarchical IBE and broadcast encryption systems. The construction is remarkably simple. It also provides recipient anonymity automatically, providing a second (and more efficient) solution to the problem of achieving anonymous IBE without random oracles. Finally, our proof of CCA2 security, which has more in common with the security proof for the CramerShoup encryption scheme than with security proofs for other IBE systems, may be of independent interest.
Searchable encryption revisited: Consistency properties, relation to anonymous ibe, and extensions. Full version of current paper. Available at IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive, http://eprint.iacr.org
"... Abstract. We identify and fill some gaps with regard to consistency (the extent to which false positives are produced) for publickey encryption with keyword search (PEKS). We define computational and statistical relaxations of the existing notion of perfect consistency, show that the scheme of [7] ..."
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Cited by 134 (3 self)
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Abstract. We identify and fill some gaps with regard to consistency (the extent to which false positives are produced) for publickey encryption with keyword search (PEKS). We define computational and statistical relaxations of the existing notion of perfect consistency, show that the scheme of [7] is computationally consistent, and provide a new scheme that is statistically consistent. We also provide a transform of an anonymous IBE scheme to a secure PEKS scheme that, unlike the previous one, guarantees consistency. Finally we suggest three extensions of the basic notions considered here, namely anonymous HIBE, publickey encryption with temporary keyword search, and identitybased encryption
Bonsai Trees, or How to Delegate a Lattice Basis
, 2010
"... We introduce a new latticebased cryptographic structure called a bonsai tree, and use it to resolve some important open problems in the area. Applications of bonsai trees include: • An efficient, stateless ‘hashandsign ’ signature scheme in the standard model (i.e., no random oracles), and • The ..."
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Cited by 124 (6 self)
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We introduce a new latticebased cryptographic structure called a bonsai tree, and use it to resolve some important open problems in the area. Applications of bonsai trees include: • An efficient, stateless ‘hashandsign ’ signature scheme in the standard model (i.e., no random oracles), and • The first hierarchical identitybased encryption (HIBE) scheme (also in the standard model) that does not rely on bilinear pairings. Interestingly, the abstract properties of bonsai trees seem to have no known realization in conventional numbertheoretic cryptography. 1
Efficient noninteractive proof systems for bilinear groups
 In EUROCRYPT 2008, volume 4965 of LNCS
, 2008
"... Noninteractive zeroknowledge proofs and noninteractive witnessindistinguishable proofs have played a significant role in the theory of cryptography. However, lack of efficiency has prevented them from being used in practice. One of the roots of this inefficiency is that noninteractive zeroknow ..."
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Cited by 123 (7 self)
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Noninteractive zeroknowledge proofs and noninteractive witnessindistinguishable proofs have played a significant role in the theory of cryptography. However, lack of efficiency has prevented them from being used in practice. One of the roots of this inefficiency is that noninteractive zeroknowledge proofs have been constructed for general NPcomplete languages such as Circuit Satisfiability, causing an expensive blowup in the size of the statement when reducing it to a circuit. The contribution of this paper is a general methodology for constructing very simple and efficient noninteractive zeroknowledge proofs and noninteractive witnessindistinguishable proofs that work directly for groups with a bilinear map, without needing a reduction to Circuit Satisfiability. Groups with bilinear maps have enjoyed tremendous success in the field of cryptography in recent years and have been used to construct a plethora of protocols. This paper provides noninteractive witnessindistinguishable proofs and noninteractive zeroknowledge proofs that can be used in connection with these protocols. Our goal is to spread the use of noninteractive cryptographic proofs from mainly theoretical purposes to the large class of practical cryptographic protocols based on bilinear groups.