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Inductive Families
 Formal Aspects of Computing
, 1997
"... A general formulation of inductive and recursive definitions in MartinLof's type theory is presented. It extends Backhouse's `DoItYourself Type Theory' to include inductive definitions of families of sets and definitions of functions by recursion on the way elements of such sets are generated. Th ..."
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Cited by 65 (13 self)
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A general formulation of inductive and recursive definitions in MartinLof's type theory is presented. It extends Backhouse's `DoItYourself Type Theory' to include inductive definitions of families of sets and definitions of functions by recursion on the way elements of such sets are generated. The formulation is in natural deduction and is intended to be a natural generalization to type theory of MartinLof's theory of iterated inductive definitions in predicate logic. Formal criteria are given for correct formation and introduction rules of a new set former capturing definition by strictly positive, iterated, generalized induction. Moreover, there is an inversion principle for deriving elimination and equality rules from the formation and introduction rules. Finally, there is an alternative schematic presentation of definition by recursion. The resulting theory is a flexible and powerful language for programming and constructive mathematics. We hint at the wealth of possible applic...
Intuitionistic Model Constructions and Normalization Proofs
, 1998
"... We investigate semantical normalization proofs for typed combinatory logic and weak calculus. One builds a model and a function `quote' which inverts the interpretation function. A normalization function is then obtained by composing quote with the interpretation function. Our models are just like ..."
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Cited by 44 (7 self)
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We investigate semantical normalization proofs for typed combinatory logic and weak calculus. One builds a model and a function `quote' which inverts the interpretation function. A normalization function is then obtained by composing quote with the interpretation function. Our models are just like the intended model, except that the function space includes a syntactic component as well as a semantic one. We call this a `glued' model because of its similarity with the glueing construction in category theory. Other basic type constructors are interpreted as in the intended model. In this way we can also treat inductively defined types such as natural numbers and Brouwer ordinals. We also discuss how to formalize terms, and show how one model construction can be used to yield normalization proofs for two different typed calculi  one with explicit and one with implicit substitution. The proofs are formalized using MartinLof's type theory as a meta language and mechanized using the A...
Type Inference and Reconstruction for First Order Dependent Types
, 1995
"... x 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Dependent Types : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 1 1.2 Dependent Type Inference and Reconstruction : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 8 2 Primitive Recursive Functionals with Dependent Types 17 2.1 A Dependent Type System for T : : : : : : : : : ..."
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Cited by 3 (1 self)
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x 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Dependent Types : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 1 1.2 Dependent Type Inference and Reconstruction : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 8 2 Primitive Recursive Functionals with Dependent Types 17 2.1 A Dependent Type System for T : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 17 2.1.1 Terms : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 17 2.1.2 Types : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 19 2.1.3 Typing Rules : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 24 2.1.4 Strong Normalization of T Terms : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 28 2.2 Dependent Typing Examples : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 29 2.3 A Term Model Semantics for T : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 34 3 Principal Types and Dependent Type Reconstruction 58 3.1 Type Subsumption and Unification : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 58 3.2 Matching : : : : : :...
On the Syntax of Dependent Types and the Coherence Problem (working draft)
, 1994
"... We discuss different ways to represent the syntax of dependent types using MartinLof type theory as a metalanguage. In particular, we show how to give an intrinsic syntax in which meaningful contexts, types in a context, and terms of a certain type in a context, are generated directly without first ..."
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We discuss different ways to represent the syntax of dependent types using MartinLof type theory as a metalanguage. In particular, we show how to give an intrinsic syntax in which meaningful contexts, types in a context, and terms of a certain type in a context, are generated directly without first introducing raw terms, types, and contexts. In the first representation we define inductively the normal contexts, types, and terms of the pure theory of dependent types. Simultaneously substitution and lifting are defined recursively. Equality in the object language is here syntactic equality and is represented by the equality of the metalanguage. The second representation is a calculus of explicit substitutions. This is a pure inductive definition and proofs of equalities are generated simultaneously. As for Curien's explicit syntax there are term constructors corresponding to applications of the type equality rules, and coherence conditions related to those appearing in category theory. ...
Irrelevance, Polymorphism, and Erasure in Type Theory
, 2008
"... Dependent type theory is a proven technology for verified functional programming in which programs and their correctness proofs may be developed using the same rules in a single formal system. In practice, large portions of programs developed in this way have no computational relevance to the ultima ..."
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Dependent type theory is a proven technology for verified functional programming in which programs and their correctness proofs may be developed using the same rules in a single formal system. In practice, large portions of programs developed in this way have no computational relevance to the ultimate result of the program and should therefore be removed prior to program execution. In previous work on identifying and removing irrelevant portions of programs, computational irrelevance is usually treated as an intrinsic property of program expressions. We find that such an approach forces programmers to maintain two copies of commonly used datatypes: a computationally relevant one and a computationally irrelevant one. We instead develop an extrinsic notion of computational irrelevance and find that it yields several benefits including (1) avoidance of the above mentioned code duplication problem; (2) an identification of computational irrelevance with a highly general form of parametric polymorphism; and (3) an elective (i.e., user2 directed) notion of proof irrelevance. We also develop a program analysis for identifying irrelevant expressions and show how previously studied types embodying computational irrelevance (including subset types and squash types) are expressible in the extension of type theory developed herein.