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The Theory of LEGO  A Proof Checker for the Extended Calculus of Constructions
, 1994
"... LEGO is a computer program for interactive typechecking in the Extended Calculus of Constructions and two of its subsystems. LEGO also supports the extension of these three systems with inductive types. These type systems can be viewed as logics, and as meta languages for expressing logics, and LEGO ..."
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Cited by 68 (10 self)
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LEGO is a computer program for interactive typechecking in the Extended Calculus of Constructions and two of its subsystems. LEGO also supports the extension of these three systems with inductive types. These type systems can be viewed as logics, and as meta languages for expressing logics, and LEGO is intended to be used for interactively constructing proofs in mathematical theories presented in these logics. I have developed LEGO over six years, starting from an implementation of the Calculus of Constructions by G erard Huet. LEGO has been used for problems at the limits of our abilities to do formal mathematics. In this thesis I explain some aspects of the metatheory of LEGO's type systems leading to a machinechecked proof that typechecking is decidable for all three type theories supported by LEGO, and to a verified algorithm for deciding their typing judgements, assuming only that they are normalizing. In order to do this, the theory of Pure Type Systems (PTS) is extended and f...
Typing Algorithm in Type Theory with Inheritance
 Proc of POPL'97
, 1997
"... We propose and study a new typing algorithm for dependent type theory. This new algorithm typechecks more terms by using inheritance between classes. This inheritance mechanism turns out to be powerful: it supports multiple inheritance, classes with parameters and uses new abstract classes FUNCLASS ..."
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Cited by 41 (0 self)
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We propose and study a new typing algorithm for dependent type theory. This new algorithm typechecks more terms by using inheritance between classes. This inheritance mechanism turns out to be powerful: it supports multiple inheritance, classes with parameters and uses new abstract classes FUNCLASS and SORTCLASS (respectively classes of functions and sorts). We also defines classes as records, particularily suitable for the formal development of mathematical theories. This mechanism, implemented in the proof checker Coq, can be adapted to all typed calculus. 1 Introduction In the last years, proof checkers based on type theory appeared as convincing systems to formalize mathematics (especially constructive mathematics) and to prove correctness of software and hardware. In a proof checker, one can interactively build definitions, statements and proofs. The system is then able to check automatically whether the definitions are wellformed and the proofs are correct. Modern systems ar...
Type Checking with Universes
, 1991
"... Various formulations of constructive type theories have been proposed to serve as the basis for machineassisted proof and as a theoretical basis for studying programming languages. Many of these calculi include a cumulative hierarchy of "universes," each a type of types closed under a collectio ..."
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Cited by 24 (6 self)
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Various formulations of constructive type theories have been proposed to serve as the basis for machineassisted proof and as a theoretical basis for studying programming languages. Many of these calculi include a cumulative hierarchy of "universes," each a type of types closed under a collection of typeforming operations. Universes are of interest for a variety of reasons, some philosophical (predicative vs. impredicative type theories), some theoretical (limitations on the closure properties of type theories), and some practical (to achieve some of the advantages of a type of all types without sacrificing consistency.) The Generalized Calculus of Constructions (CC ! ) is a formal theory of types that includes such a hierarchy of universes. Although essential to the formalization of constructive mathematics, universes are tedious to use in practice, for one is required to make specific choices of universe levels and to ensure that all choices are consistent. In this pa...
Implicit Syntax
 Informal Proceedings of First Workshop on Logical Frameworks
, 1992
"... A proof checking system may support syntax that is more convenient for users than its `official' language. For example LEGO (a typechecker for several systems related to the Calculus of Constructions) has algorithms to infer some polymorphic instantiations (e.g. pair 2 true instead of pair nat bo ..."
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Cited by 20 (2 self)
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A proof checking system may support syntax that is more convenient for users than its `official' language. For example LEGO (a typechecker for several systems related to the Calculus of Constructions) has algorithms to infer some polymorphic instantiations (e.g. pair 2 true instead of pair nat bool 2 true) and universe levels (e.g. Type instead of Type(4)). Users need to understand such features, but do not want to know the algorithms for computing them. In this note I explain these two features by nondeterministic operational semantics for "translating" implicit syntax to the fully explicit underlying formal system. The translations are sound and complete for the underlying type theory, and the algorithms (which I will not talk about) are sound (not necessarily complete) for the translations. This note is phrased in terms of a general class of type theories. The technique described has more general application. 1 Introduction Consider the usual formal system, !, for simp...