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Revisiting frankwolfe: Projectionfree sparse convex optimization
 In ICML
, 2013
"... We provide stronger and more general primaldual convergence results for FrankWolfetype algorithms (a.k.a. conditional gradient) for constrained convex optimization, enabled by a simple framework of duality gap certificates. Our analysis also holds if the linear subproblems are only solved approxi ..."
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Cited by 86 (2 self)
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We provide stronger and more general primaldual convergence results for FrankWolfetype algorithms (a.k.a. conditional gradient) for constrained convex optimization, enabled by a simple framework of duality gap certificates. Our analysis also holds if the linear subproblems are only solved approximately (as well as if the gradients are inexact), and is proven to be worstcase optimal in the sparsity of the obtained solutions. On the application side, this allows us to unify a large variety of existing sparse greedy methods, in particular for optimization over convex hulls of an atomic set, even if those sets can only be approximated, including sparse (or structured sparse) vectors or matrices, lowrank matrices, permutation matrices, or maxnorm bounded matrices. We present a new general framework for convex optimization over matrix factorizations, where every FrankWolfe iteration will consist of a lowrank update, and discuss the broad application areas of this approach. 1.
Conditional gradient algorithms for normregularized smooth convex optimization
, 2013
"... Motivated by some applications in signal processing and machine learning, we consider two convex optimization problems where, given a cone K, a norm ‖ · ‖ and a smooth convex function f, we want either 1) to minimize the norm over the intersection of the cone and a level set of f, or 2) to minimiz ..."
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Cited by 23 (6 self)
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Motivated by some applications in signal processing and machine learning, we consider two convex optimization problems where, given a cone K, a norm ‖ · ‖ and a smooth convex function f, we want either 1) to minimize the norm over the intersection of the cone and a level set of f, or 2) to minimize over the cone the sum of f and a multiple of the norm. We focus on the case where (a) the dimension of the problem is too large to allow for interior point algorithms, (b) ‖ · ‖ is “too complicated ” to allow for computationally cheap Bregman projections required in the firstorder proximal gradient algorithms. On the other hand, we assume that it is relatively easy to minimize linear forms over the intersection of K and the unit ‖ · ‖ball. Motivating examples are given by the nuclear norm with K being the entire space of matrices, or the positive semidefinite cone in the space of symmetric matrices, and the Total Variation norm on the space of 2D images. We discuss versions of the Conditional Gradient algorithm capable to handle our problems of interest, provide the related theoretical efficiency estimates and outline some applications. 1
The complexity of largescale convex programming under a linear optimization oracle.
, 2013
"... Abstract This paper considers a general class of iterative optimization algorithms, referred to as linearoptimizationbased convex programming (LCP) methods, for solving largescale convex programming (CP) problems. The LCP methods, covering the classic conditional gradient (CG) method (a.k.a., Fra ..."
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Cited by 11 (1 self)
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Abstract This paper considers a general class of iterative optimization algorithms, referred to as linearoptimizationbased convex programming (LCP) methods, for solving largescale convex programming (CP) problems. The LCP methods, covering the classic conditional gradient (CG) method (a.k.a., FrankWolfe method) as a special case, can only solve a linear optimization subproblem at each iteration. In this paper, we first establish a series of lower complexity bounds for the LCP methods to solve different classes of CP problems, including smooth, nonsmooth and certain saddlepoint problems. We then formally establish the theoretical optimality or nearly optimality, in the largescale case, for the CG method and its variants to solve different classes of CP problems. We also introduce several new optimal LCP methods, obtained by properly modifying Nesterov's accelerated gradient method, and demonstrate their possible advantages over the classic CG for solving certain classes of largescale CP problems.
Weakly Supervised Action Labeling in Videos Under Ordering Constraints
"... Abstract. We are given a set of video clips, each one annotated with an ordered list of actions, such as “walk ” then “sit ” then “answer phone” extracted from, for example, the associated text script. We seek to temporally localize the individual actions in each clip as well as to learn a discrimin ..."
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Cited by 9 (1 self)
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Abstract. We are given a set of video clips, each one annotated with an ordered list of actions, such as “walk ” then “sit ” then “answer phone” extracted from, for example, the associated text script. We seek to temporally localize the individual actions in each clip as well as to learn a discriminative classifier for each action. We formulate the problem as a weakly supervised temporal assignment with ordering constraints. Each video clip is divided into small time intervals and each time interval of each video clip is assigned one action label, while respecting the order in which the action labels appear in the given annotations. We show that the action label assignment can be determined together with learning a classifier for each action in a discriminative manner. We evaluate the proposed model on a new and challenging dataset of 937 video clips with a total of 787720 frames containing sequences of 16 different actions from 69 Hollywood movies. 1
Conditional gradient sliding for convex optimization
, 2014
"... Abstract In this paper, we present a new conditional gradient type method for convex optimization by utilizing a linear optimization (LO) oracle to minimize a series of linear functions over the feasible set. Different from the classic conditional gradient method, the conditional gradient sliding ( ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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Abstract In this paper, we present a new conditional gradient type method for convex optimization by utilizing a linear optimization (LO) oracle to minimize a series of linear functions over the feasible set. Different from the classic conditional gradient method, the conditional gradient sliding (CGS) algorithm developed herein can skip the computation of gradients from time to time, and as a result, can achieve the optimal complexity bounds in terms of not only the number of calls to the LO oracle, but also the number of gradient evaluations. More specifically, we show that the CGS method requires O(1/ √ ) and O(log(1/ )) gradient evaluations, respectively, for solving smooth and strongly convex problems, while still maintaining the optimal O(1/ ) bound on the number of calls to the LO oracle. We also develop variants of the CGS method which can achieve the optimal complexity bounds for solving stochastic optimization problems and an important class of saddle point optimization problems. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that these types of projectionfree optimal firstorder methods have been developed in the literature. Some preliminary numerical results have also been provided to demonstrate the advantages of the CGS method.
Suykens, “Hybrid conditional gradientsmoothing algorithms with applications to sparse and low rank regularization
 Regularization, Optimization, Kernels, and Support Vector Machines
, 2014
"... Conditional gradient methods are old and well studied optimization algorithms. Their origin dates at least to the 50’s and the FrankWolfe algorithm for quadratic programming [18] but they apply to much more general optimization problems. General formulations of conditional gradient algorithms have ..."
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Cited by 1 (0 self)
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Conditional gradient methods are old and well studied optimization algorithms. Their origin dates at least to the 50’s and the FrankWolfe algorithm for quadratic programming [18] but they apply to much more general optimization problems. General formulations of conditional gradient algorithms have been studied in the
Efficient Structured Matrix Rank Minimization
"... We study the problem of finding structured lowrank matrices using nuclear norm regularization where the structure is encoded by a linear map. In contrast to most known approaches for linearly structured rank minimization, we do not (a) use the full SVD; nor (b) resort to augmented Lagrangian techni ..."
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We study the problem of finding structured lowrank matrices using nuclear norm regularization where the structure is encoded by a linear map. In contrast to most known approaches for linearly structured rank minimization, we do not (a) use the full SVD; nor (b) resort to augmented Lagrangian techniques; nor (c) solve linear systems per iteration. Instead, we formulate the problem differently so that it is amenable to a generalized conditional gradient method, which results in a practical improvement with low per iteration computational cost. Numerical results show that our approach significantly outperforms stateoftheart competitors in terms of running time, while effectively recovering low rank solutions in stochastic system realization and spectral compressed sensing problems.