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Special Purpose Parallel Computing
 Lectures on Parallel Computation
, 1993
"... A vast amount of work has been done in recent years on the design, analysis, implementation and verification of special purpose parallel computing systems. This paper presents a survey of various aspects of this work. A long, but by no means complete, bibliography is given. 1. Introduction Turing ..."
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Cited by 77 (5 self)
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A vast amount of work has been done in recent years on the design, analysis, implementation and verification of special purpose parallel computing systems. This paper presents a survey of various aspects of this work. A long, but by no means complete, bibliography is given. 1. Introduction Turing [365] demonstrated that, in principle, a single general purpose sequential machine could be designed which would be capable of efficiently performing any computation which could be performed by a special purpose sequential machine. The importance of this universality result for subsequent practical developments in computing cannot be overstated. It showed that, for a given computational problem, the additional efficiency advantages which could be gained by designing a special purpose sequential machine for that problem would not be great. Around 1944, von Neumann produced a proposal [66, 389] for a general purpose storedprogram sequential computer which captured the fundamental principles of...
Computation in cellular automata: A selected review
 Nonstandard Computation
, 1996
"... Cellular automata (CAs) are decentralized spatially extended systems consisting of large numbers of simple identical components with local connectivity. Such systems have the potential to perform complex computations with a high degree of efficiency and robustness, as well as to model the behavior o ..."
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Cited by 36 (2 self)
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Cellular automata (CAs) are decentralized spatially extended systems consisting of large numbers of simple identical components with local connectivity. Such systems have the potential to perform complex computations with a high degree of efficiency and robustness, as well as to model the behavior of complex systems in nature. For these reasons CAs and related architectures have
SVP  a Model Capturing Sets, Streams, and Parallelism
 In Proceedings of the 18th VLDB Conference
, 1992
"... We describe the SVP data model. The goal of SVP is to model both set and stream data, and to model parallelism in bulk data processing. SVP also shows promise for other parallel processing applications. SVP models collections, which include sets and streams as special cases. Collections are represen ..."
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Cited by 22 (0 self)
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We describe the SVP data model. The goal of SVP is to model both set and stream data, and to model parallelism in bulk data processing. SVP also shows promise for other parallel processing applications. SVP models collections, which include sets and streams as special cases. Collections are represented as ordered tree structures, and divideandconquer mappings are easily defined on these structures. We show that many useful database mappings (queries) have a divideandconquer format when specified using collections, and that this specification exposes parallelism. We formalize a class of divideandconquer mappings on collections called SVPtransducers. SVPtransducers generalize aggregates, set mappings, stream transductions, and scan computations. At the same time, they have a rigorous semantics based on continuity with respect to collection orderings, and permit implicit specification of both independent and pipeline parallelism. 1 Introduction Achieving parallelism in bulk data...
Computational Complexity Of Neural Networks: A Survey
, 1994
"... . We survey some of the central results in the complexity theory of discrete neural networks, with pointers to the literature. Our main emphasis is on the computational power of various acyclic and cyclic network models, but we also discuss briefly the complexity aspects of synthesizing networks fr ..."
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Cited by 22 (6 self)
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. We survey some of the central results in the complexity theory of discrete neural networks, with pointers to the literature. Our main emphasis is on the computational power of various acyclic and cyclic network models, but we also discuss briefly the complexity aspects of synthesizing networks from examples of their behavior. CR Classification: F.1.1 [Computation by Abstract Devices]: Models of Computationneural networks, circuits; F.1.3 [Computation by Abstract Devices ]: Complexity Classescomplexity hierarchies Key words: Neural networks, computational complexity, threshold circuits, associative memory 1. Introduction The currently again very active field of computation by "neural" networks has opened up a wealth of fascinating research topics in the computational complexity analysis of the models considered. While much of the general appeal of the field stems not so much from new computational possibilities, but from the possibility of "learning", or synthesizing networks...
Computing with Truly Asynchronous Threshold Logic Networks
 THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1995
"... We present simulation mechanisms by which any network of threshold logic units with either symmetric or asymmetric interunit connections (i.e., a symmetric or asymmetric "Hopfield net") can be simulated on a network of the same type, but without any a priori constraints on the order of updates of th ..."
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Cited by 19 (7 self)
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We present simulation mechanisms by which any network of threshold logic units with either symmetric or asymmetric interunit connections (i.e., a symmetric or asymmetric "Hopfield net") can be simulated on a network of the same type, but without any a priori constraints on the order of updates of the units. Together with earlier constructions, the results show that the truly asynchronous network model is computationally equivalent to the seemingly more powerful models with either ordered sequential or fully parallel updates.
Neural Networks and Complexity Theory
 In Proc. 17th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science
, 1992
"... . We survey some of the central results in the complexity theory of discrete neural networks, with pointers to the literature. 1 Introduction The recently revived field of computation by "neural" networks provides the complexity theorist with a wealth of fascinating research topics. While much of ..."
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Cited by 14 (4 self)
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. We survey some of the central results in the complexity theory of discrete neural networks, with pointers to the literature. 1 Introduction The recently revived field of computation by "neural" networks provides the complexity theorist with a wealth of fascinating research topics. While much of the general appeal of the field stems not so much from new computational possibilities, but from the possibility of "learning", or synthesizing networks directly from examples of their desired inputoutput behavior, it is nevertheless important to pay attention also to the complexity issues: firstly, what kinds of functions are computable by networks of a given type and size, and secondly, what is the complexity of the synthesis problems considered. In fact, inattention to these issues was a significant factor in the demise of the first stage of neural networks research in the late 60's, under the criticism of Minsky and Papert [51]. The intent of this paper is to survey some of the centra...
The Computational Power of Discrete Hopfield Nets with Hidden Units
 Neural Computation
, 1996
"... We prove that polynomial size discrete Hopfield networks with hidden units compute exactly the class of Boolean functions PSPACE/poly, i.e., the same functions as are computed by polynomial spacebounded nonuniform Turing machines. As a corollary to the construction, we observe also that networks wi ..."
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Cited by 11 (6 self)
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We prove that polynomial size discrete Hopfield networks with hidden units compute exactly the class of Boolean functions PSPACE/poly, i.e., the same functions as are computed by polynomial spacebounded nonuniform Turing machines. As a corollary to the construction, we observe also that networks with polynomially bounded interconnection weights compute exactly the class of functions P/poly, i.e., the class computed by polynomial timebounded nonuniform Turing machines.
An Overview Of The Computational Power Of Recurrent Neural Networks
 Proceedings of the 9th Finnish AI Conference STeP 2000{Millennium of AI, Espoo, Finland (Vol. 3: "AI of Tomorrow": Symposium on Theory, Finnish AI Society
, 2000
"... INTRODUCTION The two main streams of neural networks research consider neural networks either as a powerful family of nonlinear statistical models, to be used in for example pattern recognition applications [6], or as formal models to help develop a computational understanding of the brain [10]. His ..."
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Cited by 10 (3 self)
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INTRODUCTION The two main streams of neural networks research consider neural networks either as a powerful family of nonlinear statistical models, to be used in for example pattern recognition applications [6], or as formal models to help develop a computational understanding of the brain [10]. Historically, the brain theory interest was primary [32], but with the advances in computer technology, the application potential of the statistical modeling techniques has shifted the balance. 1 The study of neural networks as general computational devices does not strictly follow this division of interests: rather, it provides a general framework outlining the limitations and possibilities aecting both research domains. The prime historic example here is obviously Minsky's and Papert's 1969 study of the computational limitations of singlelayer perceptrons [34], which was a major inuence in turning away interest from neural network learning to symbolic AI techniques for more