Results 1  10
of
52
Constructivism and Proof Theory
, 2003
"... Introduction to the constructive point of view in the foundations of mathematics, in
particular intuitionism due to L.E.J. Brouwer, constructive recursive mathematics
due to A.A. Markov, and Bishop’s constructive mathematics. The constructive interpretation
and formalization of logic is described. F ..."
Abstract

Cited by 204 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Introduction to the constructive point of view in the foundations of mathematics, in
particular intuitionism due to L.E.J. Brouwer, constructive recursive mathematics
due to A.A. Markov, and Bishop’s constructive mathematics. The constructive interpretation
and formalization of logic is described. For constructive (intuitionistic)
arithmetic, Kleene’s realizability interpretation is given; this provides an example
of the possibility of a constructive mathematical practice which diverges from classical
mathematics. The crucial notion in intuitionistic analysis, choice sequence, is
briefly described and some principles which are valid for choice sequences are discussed.
The second half of the article deals with some aspects of proof theory, i.e.,
the study of formal proofs as combinatorial objects. Gentzen’s fundamental contributions
are outlined: his introduction of the socalled Gentzen systems which use
sequents instead of formulas and his result on firstorder arithmetic showing that
(suitably formalized) transfinite induction up to the ordinal "0 cannot be proved in
firstorder arithmetic.
Extensible Denotational Language Specifications
 SYMPOSIUM ON THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE, NUMBER 789 IN LNCS
, 1994
"... Traditional denotational semantics assigns radically different meanings to one and the same phrase depending on the rest of the programming language. If the language is purely functional, the denotation of a numeral is a function from environments to integers. But, in a functional language with impe ..."
Abstract

Cited by 38 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Traditional denotational semantics assigns radically different meanings to one and the same phrase depending on the rest of the programming language. If the language is purely functional, the denotation of a numeral is a function from environments to integers. But, in a functional language with imperative control operators, a numeral denotes a function from environments and continuations to integers. This paper introduces a new format for denotational language specifications, extended direct semantics, that accommodates orthogonal extensions of a language without changing the denotations of existing phrases. An extended direct semantics always maps a numeral to the same denotation: the injection of the corresponding number into the domain of values. In general, the denotation of a phrase in a functional language is always a projection of the denotation of the same phrase in the semantics of an extended languageno matter what the extension is. Based on extended direct semantics, i...
Concrete Domains
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1993
"... This paper introduces the theory of a particular kind of computation domains called concrete domains. The purpose of this theory is to find a satisfactory framework for the notions of coroutine computation and sequentiality of evaluation. Diagrams are emphasized because I believe that an important ..."
Abstract

Cited by 37 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
This paper introduces the theory of a particular kind of computation domains called concrete domains. The purpose of this theory is to find a satisfactory framework for the notions of coroutine computation and sequentiality of evaluation. Diagrams are emphasized because I believe that an important part of learning lattice theory is the acquisition of skill in drawing diagrams. George Gratzer 1 Domains of computation In general, we follow Scott's approach [Sco70]. To every syntactic object one associates a semantic object which is found in an appropriate semantic domain. For technical details, we follow [Mil73] and [Plo78] rather than Scott. Definition 1.1 A partial order is a pair ! D; ? where D is a nonempty set and is a binary relation satisfying: i) 8x 2 D x x (reflexivity) ii) 8x; y 2 D x y; y x ) x = y (antisymmetry) iii) 8x; y; z 2 D x y; y z ) x z (transitivity) One writes x ! y when x y and x 6= y. Two elements x and y are comparable when either x y or y x. W...
Not enough points is enough
 IN: COMPUTER SCIENCE LOGIC. VOLUME 4646 OF LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2007
"... Models of the untyped λcalculus may be defined either as applicative structures satisfying a bunch of first order axioms, known as “λmodels”, or as (structures arising from) any reflexive object in a cartesian closed category (ccc, for brevity). These notions are tightly linked in the sense that: ..."
Abstract

Cited by 26 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Models of the untyped λcalculus may be defined either as applicative structures satisfying a bunch of first order axioms, known as “λmodels”, or as (structures arising from) any reflexive object in a cartesian closed category (ccc, for brevity). These notions are tightly linked in the sense that: given a λmodel A, one may define a ccc in which A (the carrier set) is a reflexive object; conversely, if U is a reflexive object in a ccc C, having enough points, then C ( , U) may be turned into a λmodel. It is well known that, if C does not have enough points, then the applicative structure C ( , U) is not a λmodel in general. This paper: (i) shows that this mismatch can be avoided by choosing appropriately the carrier set of the λmodel associated with U; (ii) provides an example of an extensional reflexive object D in a ccc without enough points: the Kleislicategory of the comonad “finite multisets ” on Rel; (iii) presents some algebraic properties of the λmodel associated with D by (i) which make it suitable for dealing with nondeterministic extensions of the untyped λcalculus.
PCF extended with real numbers: a domaintheoretic approach to higherorder exact real number computation
, 1996
"... ..."
Universal Profinite Domains
 Information and Computation
, 1987
"... . We introduce a bicartesian closed category of what we call profinite domains. Study of these domains is carried out through the use of an equivalent category of preorders in a manner similar to the information systems approach advocated by Dana Scott and others. A class of universal profinite dom ..."
Abstract

Cited by 17 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
. We introduce a bicartesian closed category of what we call profinite domains. Study of these domains is carried out through the use of an equivalent category of preorders in a manner similar to the information systems approach advocated by Dana Scott and others. A class of universal profinite domains is defined and used to derive sufficient conditions for the profinite solution of domain equations involving continuous operators. As a special instance of this construction, a universal domain for the category SFP is demonstrated. Necessary conditions for the existence of solutions for domain equations over the profinites are also given and used to derive results about solutions of some equations. A new universal bounded complete domain is also demonstrated using an operator which has bounded complete domains as its fixed points. 1 Introduction. For our purposes a domain equation has the form X ¸ = F (X) where F is an operator on a class of semantic domains (typically, F is an endof...
Logical Full Abstraction and PCF
 Tbilisi Symposium on Language, Logic and Computation. SiLLI/CSLI
, 1996
"... ion and PCF John Longley Gordon Plotkin March 15, 1996 Abstract We introduce the concept of logical full abstraction, generalising the usual equational notion. We consider the language PCF and two extensions with "parallel" operations. The main result is that, for standard interpret ..."
Abstract

Cited by 16 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
ion and PCF John Longley Gordon Plotkin March 15, 1996 Abstract We introduce the concept of logical full abstraction, generalising the usual equational notion. We consider the language PCF and two extensions with "parallel" operations. The main result is that, for standard interpretations, logical full abstraction is equivalent to equational full abstraction together with universality; the proof involves constructing enumeration operators. We also consider restrictions on logical complexity and on the level of types. 1 Introduction The study of denotational semantics seeks to provide mathematical descriptions of programming languages by giving denotations of programs in terms of previously understood mathematical structures. For example, if P is a program that takes an input and produces an output, we might take its denotation to be a function from a set of inputvalues to a set of outputvalues. The most widelyknown approach to denotational semantics is that of traditiona...
Infinite sets that admit fast exhaustive search
 In Proceedings of the 22nd Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic In Computer Science
, 2007
"... Abstract. Perhaps surprisingly, there are infinite sets that admit mechanical exhaustive search in finite time. We investigate three related questions: What kinds of infinite sets admit mechanical exhaustive search in finite time? How do we systematically build such sets? How fast can exhaustive sea ..."
Abstract

Cited by 15 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. Perhaps surprisingly, there are infinite sets that admit mechanical exhaustive search in finite time. We investigate three related questions: What kinds of infinite sets admit mechanical exhaustive search in finite time? How do we systematically build such sets? How fast can exhaustive search over infinite sets be performed? Keywords. Highertype computability and complexity, Kleene–Kreisel functionals, PCF, Haskell, topology. 1.
Default reasoning over domains and concept hierarchies
 In Proceedings of the 27th German conference on Artificial Intelligence (KI04
, 2004
"... Abstract. W.C. Rounds and G.Q. Zhang have proposed to study a form of disjunctive logic programming generalized to algebraic domains [1]. This system allows reasoning with information which is hierarchically structured and forms a (suitable) domain. We extend this framework to include reasoning wit ..."
Abstract

Cited by 11 (6 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Abstract. W.C. Rounds and G.Q. Zhang have proposed to study a form of disjunctive logic programming generalized to algebraic domains [1]. This system allows reasoning with information which is hierarchically structured and forms a (suitable) domain. We extend this framework to include reasoning with default negation, giving rise to a new nonmonotonic reasoning framework on hierarchical knowledge which encompasses answer set programming with extended disjunctive logic programs. We also show that the hierarchically structured knowledge on which programming in this paradigm can be done, arises very naturally from formal concept analysis. Together, we obtain a default reasoning paradigm for conceptual knowledge which is in accordance with mainstream developments in nonmonotonic reasoning. 1