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123
Very Fast Simulated ReAnnealing
, 1989
"... This paper contributes to this methodology by presenting an improvement over previous algorithms. Sections II and III give a short outline of previous Boltzmann annealing (BA) and fast Cauchy fast annealing (FA) algorithms. Section IV presents the new very fast algorithm. Section V enhances this alg ..."
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Cited by 181 (33 self)
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This paper contributes to this methodology by presenting an improvement over previous algorithms. Sections II and III give a short outline of previous Boltzmann annealing (BA) and fast Cauchy fast annealing (FA) algorithms. Section IV presents the new very fast algorithm. Section V enhances this algorithm with a reannealing modification found to be extremely useful for multidimensional parameterspaces. This method will be referred to here as very fast reannealing (VFR)
Automaton Logic
 International Journal of Theoretical Physics
, 1996
"... The experimental logic of Moore and Mealy type automata is investigated. key words: automaton logic; partition logic; comparison to quantum logic; intrinsic measurements 1 ..."
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Cited by 79 (47 self)
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The experimental logic of Moore and Mealy type automata is investigated. key words: automaton logic; partition logic; comparison to quantum logic; intrinsic measurements 1
Statistical mechanics of neocortical interactions: A scaling paradigm applied to electroencephalography
 PHYS. REV. A
, 1991
"... A series of papers has developed a statistical mechanics of neocortical interactions (SMNI), deriving aggregate behavior of experimentally observed columns of neurons from statistical electricalchemical properties of synaptic interactions. While not useful to yield insights at the single neuron lev ..."
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Cited by 48 (42 self)
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A series of papers has developed a statistical mechanics of neocortical interactions (SMNI), deriving aggregate behavior of experimentally observed columns of neurons from statistical electricalchemical properties of synaptic interactions. While not useful to yield insights at the single neuron level, SMNI has demonstrated its capability in describing largescale properties of shortterm memory and electroencephalographic (EEG) systematics. The necessity of including nonlinear and stochastic structures in this development has been stressed. In this paper, a more stringent test is placed on SMNI: The algebraic and numerical algorithms previously developed in this and similar systems are brought to bear to fit large sets of EEG and evoked potential data being collected to investigate genetic predispositions to alcoholism and to extract brain “signatures” of shortterm memory. Using the numerical algorithm of Very Fast Simulated ReAnnealing, it is demonstrated that SMNI can indeed fit this data within experimentally observed ranges of its underlying neuronalsynaptic parameters, and use the quantitative modeling results to examine physical neocortical mechanisms to discriminate between highrisk and lowrisk populations genetically predisposed to alcoholism. Since this first study is a control to span relatively long time epochs, similar to earlier attempts to establish such correlations, this discrimination is inconclusive because of other neuronal activity which can mask such effects. However, the SMNI model is shown to be consistent
Decoherence, einselection, and the quantum origins of the classical
 REVIEWS OF MODERN PHYSICS 75, 715. AVAILABLE ONLINE AT HTTP://ARXIV.ORG/ABS/QUANTPH/0105127
, 2003
"... The manner in which states of some quantum systems become effectively classical is of great significance for the foundations of quantum physics, as well as for problems of practical interest such as quantum engineering. In the past two decades it has become increasingly clear that many (perhaps all) ..."
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Cited by 48 (1 self)
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The manner in which states of some quantum systems become effectively classical is of great significance for the foundations of quantum physics, as well as for problems of practical interest such as quantum engineering. In the past two decades it has become increasingly clear that many (perhaps all) of the symptoms of classicality can be induced in quantum systems by their environments. Thus decoherence is caused by the interaction in which the environment in effect monitors certain observables of the system, destroying coherence between the pointer states corresponding to their eigenvalues. This leads to environmentinduced superselection or einselection, a quantum process associated with selective loss of information. Einselected pointer states are stable. They can retain correlations with the rest of the universe in spite of the environment. Einselection enforces classicality by imposing an effective ban on the vast majority of the Hilbert space, eliminating especially the flagrantly nonlocal "Schrödingercat states." The classical structure of phase space emerges from the quantum Hilbert space in the appropriate macroscopic limit. Combination of einselection with dynamics leads to the idealizations of a point and of a classical trajectory. In measurements, einselection replaces quantum entanglement between the apparatus and the measured system with the classical correlation. Only the preferred pointer observable of the apparatus can store information
Statistical mechanics of multiple scales of neocortical interactions
 in Neocortical Dynamics and Human EEG Rhythms, (Edited by P.L. Nunez
, 1995
"... 14. Statistical mechanics of multiple scales of neocortical interactions ..."
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Cited by 36 (18 self)
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14. Statistical mechanics of multiple scales of neocortical interactions
Mathematical comparison of combat computer models to exercise data
 Mathl. Comput. Modelling
, 1991
"... The powerful techniques of modern nonlinear statistical mechanics are used to compare battalionscale combat computer models (including simulations and wargames) to exercise data. This is necessary if largescale combat computer models are to be extrapolated with confidence to develop battlemanagem ..."
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Cited by 35 (33 self)
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The powerful techniques of modern nonlinear statistical mechanics are used to compare battalionscale combat computer models (including simulations and wargames) to exercise data. This is necessary if largescale combat computer models are to be extrapolated with confidence to develop battlemanagement, C 3 and procurement decisionaids, and to improve training. This modeling approach to battalionlevel missions is amenable to reasonable algebraic and/or heuristic approximations to drive higherechelon computer models. Each data set is fit to several candidate shorttime probability distributions, using methods of ‘‘very fast simulated reannealing’ ’ with a Lagrangian (timedependent algebraic costfunction) derived from nonlinear stochastic rate equations. These candidate mathematical models are further tested by using pathintegral numerical techniques we have dev eloped to calculate longtime probability distributions spanning the combat scenario. We hav e demonstrated proofs of principle, that battalionlevel combat exercises can be well represented by the computer simulation JANUS(T), and that modern methods of nonlinear nonequilibrium statistical mechanics can well model these systems. Since only relatively simple drifts and diffusions were required, in larger systems, e.g., at brigade and division levels, it might be possible to ‘‘absorb’ ’ other important variables (C 3, human factors, logistics, etc.) into more nonlinear mathematical forms. Otherwise, this battalionlevel model should be supplemented with a ‘‘tree’ ’ of branches corresponding to estimated values of these variables.
Towards a unified brain theory
, 1981
"... An approach to collective aspects of the neocortical system is formulated by methods of modern nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. Microscopic neuronal synaptic interactions are first spatially averaged over columnar domains. These spatially ordered domains include well formulated fluctuations th ..."
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Cited by 29 (27 self)
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An approach to collective aspects of the neocortical system is formulated by methods of modern nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. Microscopic neuronal synaptic interactions are first spatially averaged over columnar domains. These spatially ordered domains include well formulated fluctuations that retain contact with the original physical synaptic parameters. They also are a suitable substrate for macroscopic spatialtemporal regions described by FokkerPlanck and Lagrangian formalisms. This development clarifies similarities and differences among previous studies, suggests new analytically supported insights into neocortical function and permits future approximation or elaboration within current paradigms of collective systems.
Quantum Neural Computing
, 1995
"... This article reviews the limitations of the standard computing paradigm and sketches the concept of quantum neural computing. Implications of this idea for the understanding of biological information processing and design of new kinds of computing machines are described. Arguments are presented in s ..."
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Cited by 22 (11 self)
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This article reviews the limitations of the standard computing paradigm and sketches the concept of quantum neural computing. Implications of this idea for the understanding of biological information processing and design of new kinds of computing machines are described. Arguments are presented in support of the thesis that brains are to be viewed as quantum systems with their neural structures representing the classical measurement hardware. From a performance point of view, a quantum neural computer may be viewed as a collection of many conventional computers that are designed to solve different problems. A quantum neural computer is a single machine that reorganizes itself, in response to a stimulus, to perform a useful computation. Selectivity offered by such a reorganization appears to be at the basis of the gestalt style of biological information processing. Clearly, a quantum neural computer is more versatile than the conventional computing machine.
Physical versus Computational Complementarity I
, 1996
"... The dichotomy between endophysical/intrinsic and exophysical/extrinsic perception concerns the question of how a model  mathematical, logical, computational  universe is perceived from inside or from outside, [71, 65, 66, 59, 60, 68, 67]. This distinction goes back in time at least to Archimedes, ..."
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Cited by 20 (19 self)
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The dichotomy between endophysical/intrinsic and exophysical/extrinsic perception concerns the question of how a model  mathematical, logical, computational  universe is perceived from inside or from outside, [71, 65, 66, 59, 60, 68, 67]. This distinction goes back in time at least to Archimedes, reported to have asked for a point outside the world from which one could move the earth. An exophysical perception is realized when the system is laid out and the experimenter peeps at the relevant features without changing the system. The information flows on a oneway road: from the system to the experimenter. An endophysical perception can be realized when the experimenter is part of the system under observation. In such a case one has a twoway informational flow; measurements and entities measured are interchangeable and any attempt to distinguish between them ends up as a convention. The general conception dominating the sciences is that the physical universe is perceivable ...
Statistical mechanics of neocortical interactions: Multiple scales of EEG
, 1993
"... The statistical mechanics of neocortical interactions (SMNI) approach derives a theoretical model for aggregated neuronal activity that defines the “dipole” assumed by many EEG researchers. This defines a nonlinear stochastic filter to extract EEG signals. ..."
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Cited by 19 (19 self)
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The statistical mechanics of neocortical interactions (SMNI) approach derives a theoretical model for aggregated neuronal activity that defines the “dipole” assumed by many EEG researchers. This defines a nonlinear stochastic filter to extract EEG signals.