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The Longest Perpetual Reductions in Orthogonal Expression Reduction Systems
 In: Proc. of the 3 rd International Conference on Logical Foundations of Computer Science, LFCS'94, A. Nerode and Yu.V. Matiyasevich, eds., Springer LNCS
, 1994
"... We consider reductions in Orthogonal Expression Reduction Systems (OERS), that is, Orthogonal Term Rewriting Systems with bound variables and substitutions, as in the calculus. We design a strategy that for any given term t constructs a longest reduction starting from t if t is strongly normaliza ..."
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Cited by 18 (8 self)
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We consider reductions in Orthogonal Expression Reduction Systems (OERS), that is, Orthogonal Term Rewriting Systems with bound variables and substitutions, as in the calculus. We design a strategy that for any given term t constructs a longest reduction starting from t if t is strongly normalizable, and constructs an infinite reduction otherwise. The Conservation Theorem for OERSs follows easily from the properties of the strategy. We develop a method for computing the length of a longest reduction starting from a strongly normalizable term. We study properties of pure substitutions and several kinds of similarity of redexes. We apply these results to construct an algorithm for computing lengths of longest reductions in strongly persistent OERSs that does not require actual transformation of the input term. As a corollary, we have an algorithm for computing lengths of longest developments in OERSs. 1 Introduction A strategy is perpetual if, given a term t, it constructs an infinit...
Perpetual Reductions in λCalculus
, 1999
"... This paper surveys a part of the theory of fireduction in calculus which might aptly be called perpetual reductions. The theory is concerned with perpetual reduction strategies, i.e., reduction strategies that compute infinite reduction paths from terms (when possible), and with perpetual red ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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This paper surveys a part of the theory of fireduction in calculus which might aptly be called perpetual reductions. The theory is concerned with perpetual reduction strategies, i.e., reduction strategies that compute infinite reduction paths from terms (when possible), and with perpetual redexes, i.e., redexes whose contraction in terms preserves the possibility (when present) of infinite reduction paths. The survey not only recasts classical theorems in a unified setting, but also offers new results, proofs, and techniques, as well as a number of applications to problems in calculus and type theory. 1. Introduction Considerable attention has been devoted to classification of reduction strategies in typefree calculus [4, 6, 7, 15, 38, 44, 81]see also [2, Ch. 13]. We are concerned with strategies differing in the length of reduction paths. This paper draws on several sources. In late 1994, van Raamsdonk and Severi [59] and Srensen [66, 67] independently developed ...
Perpetuality and Uniform Normalization in Orthogonal Rewrite Systems
 INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION
"... We present two characterizations of perpetual redexes, which are redexes whose contractions retain the possibility of infinite reductions. These characterizations generalize and strengthen existing criteria for the perpetuality of redexes in orthogonal Term Rewriting Systems and the calculus due ..."
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Cited by 7 (2 self)
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We present two characterizations of perpetual redexes, which are redexes whose contractions retain the possibility of infinite reductions. These characterizations generalize and strengthen existing criteria for the perpetuality of redexes in orthogonal Term Rewriting Systems and the calculus due to Bergstra and Klop, and others. To unify our results with those in the literature, we introduce Contextsensitive Conditional Expression Reduction Systems (CCERSs) and prove confluence for orthogonal CCERSs. We then define a perpetual onestep reduction strategy which enables one to construct minimal (w.r.t. Levy's permutation ordering on reductions) infinite reductions in orthogonal CCERSs. We then prove (1) perpetuality (in a specific context) of a redex whose contraction does not erase potentially infinite arguments, which are possibly finite (i.e., strongly normalizable) arguments that may become infinite after a number of outside steps, and (2) perpetuality (in every con...
Perpetual Reductions in λCalculus
, 1999
"... This paper surveys a part of the theory of fireduction in λcalculus which might aptly be called perpetual reductions. The theory is concerned with perpetual reduction strategies, i.e., reduction strategies that compute infinite reduction paths from λterms (when possible), and with perpetual r ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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This paper surveys a part of the theory of fireduction in λcalculus which might aptly be called perpetual reductions. The theory is concerned with perpetual reduction strategies, i.e., reduction strategies that compute infinite reduction paths from λterms (when possible), and with perpetual redexes, i.e., redexes whose contraction in λterms preserves the possibility (when present) of infinite reduction paths. The survey not only recasts classical theorems in a unified setting, but also offers new results, proofs, and techniques, as well as a number of applications to problems in λcalculus and type theory.
Effective Longest and Infinite Reduction Paths in Untyped λCalculi
, 1996
"... A maximal reduction strategy in untyped λcalculus computes for a term a longest (finite or infinite) reduction path. Some types of reduction strategies in untyped λcalculus have been studied, but maximal strategies have received less attention. We give a systematic study of maximal strategies, rec ..."
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Cited by 5 (2 self)
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A maximal reduction strategy in untyped λcalculus computes for a term a longest (finite or infinite) reduction path. Some types of reduction strategies in untyped λcalculus have been studied, but maximal strategies have received less attention. We give a systematic study of maximal strategies, recasting the few known results in our framework and giving a number of new results, the most important of which is an effective maximal strategy in fij. We also present a number of applications illustrating the relevance and usefulness of maximal strategies.
Strong normalization from weak normalization in typed λcalculi
 Information and Computation
, 1997
"... For some typed λcalculi it is easier to prove weak normalization than strong normalization. Techniques to infer the latter from the former have been invented over the last twenty years by Nederpelt, Klop, Khasidashvili, Karr, de Groote, and Kfoury and Wells. However, these techniques infer strong n ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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For some typed λcalculi it is easier to prove weak normalization than strong normalization. Techniques to infer the latter from the former have been invented over the last twenty years by Nederpelt, Klop, Khasidashvili, Karr, de Groote, and Kfoury and Wells. However, these techniques infer strong normalization of one notion of reduction from weak normalization of a more complicated notion of reduction. This paper presents a new technique to infer strong normalization of a notion of reduction in a typed λcalculus from weak normalization of the same notion of reduction. The technique is demonstrated to work on some wellknown systems including secondorder λcalculus and the system of positive, recursive types. It gives hope for a positive answer to the BarendregtGeuvers conjecture stating that every pure type system which is weakly normalizing is also strongly normalizing. The paper also analyzes the relationship between the techniques mentioned above, and reviews, in less detail, other techniques for proving strong normalization.
Weak and Strong Beta Normalisations in Typed λCalculi
 In: Proc. of the 3 rd International Conference on Typed Lambda Calculus and Applications, TLCA'97
, 1997
"... . We present a technique to study relations between weak and strong finormalisations in various typed calculi. We first introduce a translation which translates a term into a Iterm, and show that a term is strongly finormalisable if and only if its translation is weakly finormalisable. We t ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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. We present a technique to study relations between weak and strong finormalisations in various typed calculi. We first introduce a translation which translates a term into a Iterm, and show that a term is strongly finormalisable if and only if its translation is weakly finormalisable. We then prove that the translation preserves typability of terms in various typed calculi. This enables us to establish the equivalence between weak and strong finormalisations in these typed calculi. This translation can deal with Curry typing as well as Church typing, strengthening some recent closely related results. This may bring some insights into answering whether weak and strong finormalisations in all pure type systems are equivalent. 1 Introduction In various typed calculi, one of the most interesting and important properties on terms is how they can be fireduced to finormal forms. A term M is said to be weakly finormalisable (WN fi (M )) if it can be fireduced to a fin...
Perpetuality and Uniform Normalization
 In Proc. of the 6 th International Conference on Algebraic and Logic Programming, ALP'97
, 1997
"... . We define a perpetual onestep reduction strategy which enables one to construct minimal (w.r.t. L'evy's ordering \Theta on reductions) infinite reductions in Conditional Orthogonal Expression Reduction Systems. We use this strategy to derive two characterizations of perpetual redexes, i.e., redex ..."
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Cited by 4 (2 self)
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. We define a perpetual onestep reduction strategy which enables one to construct minimal (w.r.t. L'evy's ordering \Theta on reductions) infinite reductions in Conditional Orthogonal Expression Reduction Systems. We use this strategy to derive two characterizations of perpetual redexes, i.e., redexes whose contractions retain the existence of infinite reductions. These characterizations generalize existing related criteria for perpetuality of redexes. We give a number of applications of our results, demonstrating their usefulness. In particular, we prove equivalence of weak and strong normalization (the uniform normalization property) for various restricted calculi, which cannot be derived from previously known perpetuality criteria. 1 Introduction The objective of this paper is to study sufficient conditions for uniform normalization, UN, of a term in an orthogonal (first or higherorder) rewrite system, and for the UN property of the rewrite system itself. Here a term is UN if ei...
Semantical Analysis of Perpetual Strategies in λcalculus
, 1998
"... this paper we carry out a semantical investigation of perpetual strategies in ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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this paper we carry out a semantical investigation of perpetual strategies in