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Regularization and variable selection via the Elastic Net
 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B
, 2005
"... Summary. We propose the elastic net, a new regularization and variable selection method. Real world data and a simulation study show that the elastic net often outperforms the lasso, while enjoying a similar sparsity of representation. In addition, the elastic net encourages a grouping effect, where ..."
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Cited by 922 (13 self)
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Summary. We propose the elastic net, a new regularization and variable selection method. Real world data and a simulation study show that the elastic net often outperforms the lasso, while enjoying a similar sparsity of representation. In addition, the elastic net encourages a grouping effect, where strongly correlated predictors tend to be in or out of the model together.The elastic net is particularly useful when the number of predictors (p) is much bigger than the number of observations (n). By contrast, the lasso is not a very satisfactory variable selection method in the p n case. An algorithm called LARSEN is proposed for computing elastic net regularization paths efficiently, much like algorithm LARS does for the lasso.
Regularization paths for generalized linear models via coordinate descent
, 2009
"... We develop fast algorithms for estimation of generalized linear models with convex penalties. The models include linear regression, twoclass logistic regression, and multinomial regression problems while the penalties include ℓ1 (the lasso), ℓ2 (ridge regression) and mixtures of the two (the elastic ..."
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Cited by 698 (14 self)
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We develop fast algorithms for estimation of generalized linear models with convex penalties. The models include linear regression, twoclass logistic regression, and multinomial regression problems while the penalties include ℓ1 (the lasso), ℓ2 (ridge regression) and mixtures of the two (the elastic net). The algorithms use cyclical coordinate descent, computed along a regularization path. The methods can handle large problems and can also deal efficiently with sparse features. In comparative timings we find that the new algorithms are considerably faster than competing methods.
The adaptive LASSO and its oracle properties
 Journal of the American Statistical Association
"... The lasso is a popular technique for simultaneous estimation and variable selection. Lasso variable selection has been shown to be consistent under certain conditions. In this work we derive a necessary condition for the lasso variable selection to be consistent. Consequently, there exist certain sc ..."
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Cited by 660 (10 self)
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The lasso is a popular technique for simultaneous estimation and variable selection. Lasso variable selection has been shown to be consistent under certain conditions. In this work we derive a necessary condition for the lasso variable selection to be consistent. Consequently, there exist certain scenarios where the lasso is inconsistent for variable selection. We then propose a new version of the lasso, called the adaptive lasso, where adaptive weights are used for penalizing different coefficients in the!1 penalty. We show that the adaptive lasso enjoys the oracle properties; namely, it performs as well as if the true underlying model were given in advance. Similar to the lasso, the adaptive lasso is shown to be nearminimax optimal. Furthermore, the adaptive lasso can be solved by the same efficient algorithm for solving the lasso. We also discuss the extension of the adaptive lasso in generalized linear models and show that the oracle properties still hold under mild regularity conditions. As a byproduct of our theory, the nonnegative garotte is shown to be consistent for variable selection.
Sharp thresholds for highdimensional and noisy sparsity recovery using l1constrained quadratic programmming (Lasso)
, 2006
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Sure independence screening for ultrahigh dimensional feature space
, 2006
"... Variable selection plays an important role in high dimensional statistical modeling which nowadays appears in many areas and is key to various scientific discoveries. For problems of large scale or dimensionality p, estimation accuracy and computational cost are two top concerns. In a recent paper, ..."
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Cited by 279 (27 self)
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Variable selection plays an important role in high dimensional statistical modeling which nowadays appears in many areas and is key to various scientific discoveries. For problems of large scale or dimensionality p, estimation accuracy and computational cost are two top concerns. In a recent paper, Candes and Tao (2007) propose the Dantzig selector using L1 regularization and show that it achieves the ideal risk up to a logarithmic factor log p. Their innovative procedure and remarkable result are challenged when the dimensionality is ultra high as the factor log p can be large and their uniform uncertainty principle can fail. Motivated by these concerns, we introduce the concept of sure screening and propose a sure screening method based on a correlation learning, called the Sure Independence Screening (SIS), to reduce dimensionality from high to a moderate scale that is below sample size. In a fairly general asymptotic framework, the SIS is shown to have the sure screening property for even exponentially growing dimensionality. As a methodological extension, an iterative SIS (ISIS) is also proposed to enhance its finite sample performance. With dimension reduced accurately from high to below sample size, variable selection can be improved on both speed and accuracy, and can then be ac
Nearly unbiased variable selection under minimax concave penalty
 Annals of Statistics
, 2010
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Sparse Permutation Invariant Covariance Estimation
 Electronic Journal of Statistics
, 2008
"... The paper proposes a method for constructing a sparse estimator for the inverse covariance (concentration) matrix in highdimensional settings. The estimator uses a penalized normal likelihood approach and forces sparsity by using a lassotype penalty. We establish a rate of convergence in the Fro ..."
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Cited by 171 (7 self)
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The paper proposes a method for constructing a sparse estimator for the inverse covariance (concentration) matrix in highdimensional settings. The estimator uses a penalized normal likelihood approach and forces sparsity by using a lassotype penalty. We establish a rate of convergence in the Frobenius norm as both data dimension p and sample size n are allowed to grow, and show that the rate depends explicitly on how sparse the true concentration matrix is. We also show that a correlationbased version of the method exhibits better rates in the operator norm. The estimator is required to be positive definite, but we avoid having to use semidefinite programming by reparameterizing the objective function
NonConcave Penalized Likelihood with a Diverging Number of Parameters
, 2003
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Covariance regularization by thresholding
, 2007
"... This paper considers regularizing a covariance matrix of p variables estimated from n observations, by hard thresholding. We show that the thresholded estimate is consistent in the operator norm as long as the true covariance matrix is sparse in a suitable sense, the variables are Gaussian or subGa ..."
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Cited by 154 (11 self)
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This paper considers regularizing a covariance matrix of p variables estimated from n observations, by hard thresholding. We show that the thresholded estimate is consistent in the operator norm as long as the true covariance matrix is sparse in a suitable sense, the variables are Gaussian or subGaussian, and (log p)/n → 0, and obtain explicit rates. The results are uniform over families of covariance matrices which satisfy a fairly natural notion of sparsity. We discuss an intuitive resampling scheme for threshold selection and prove a general crossvalidation result that justifies this approach. We also compare thresholding to other covariance estimators in simulations and on an example from climate data. 1. Introduction. Estimation