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Domain Theory in Logical Form
 Annals of Pure and Applied Logic
, 1991
"... The mathematical framework of Stone duality is used to synthesize a number of hitherto separate developments in Theoretical Computer Science: • Domain Theory, the mathematical theory of computation introduced by Scott as a foundation for denotational semantics. • The theory of concurrency and system ..."
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Cited by 231 (10 self)
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The mathematical framework of Stone duality is used to synthesize a number of hitherto separate developments in Theoretical Computer Science: • Domain Theory, the mathematical theory of computation introduced by Scott as a foundation for denotational semantics. • The theory of concurrency and systems behaviour developed by Milner, Hennessy et al. based on operational semantics. • Logics of programs. Stone duality provides a junction between semantics (spaces of points = denotations of computational processes) and logics (lattices of properties of processes). Moreover, the underlying logic is geometric, which can be computationally interpreted as the logic of observable properties—i.e. properties which can be determined to hold of a process on the basis of a finite amount of information about its execution. These ideas lead to the following programme:
Rewriting Logic as a Logical and Semantic Framework
, 1993
"... Rewriting logic [72] is proposed as a logical framework in which other logics can be represented, and as a semantic framework for the specification of languages and systems. Using concepts from the theory of general logics [70], representations of an object logic L in a framework logic F are und ..."
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Cited by 147 (52 self)
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Rewriting logic [72] is proposed as a logical framework in which other logics can be represented, and as a semantic framework for the specification of languages and systems. Using concepts from the theory of general logics [70], representations of an object logic L in a framework logic F are understood as mappings L ! F that translate one logic into the other in a conservative way. The ease with which such maps can be defined for a number of quite different logics of interest, including equational logic, Horn logic with equality, linear logic, logics with quantifiers, and any sequent calculus presentation of a logic for a very general notion of "sequent," is discussed in detail. Using the fact that rewriting logic is reflective, it is often possible to reify inside rewriting logic itself a representation map L ! RWLogic for the finitely presentable theories of L. Such a reification takes the form of a map between the abstract data types representing the finitary theories of...
Formal Interoperability
, 1998
"... this paper I briefly sketch recent work on metalogical foundations that seems promising as a conceptual basis on which to achieve the goal of formal interoperability. Specificaly, I will briefly discuss: ..."
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Cited by 13 (3 self)
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this paper I briefly sketch recent work on metalogical foundations that seems promising as a conceptual basis on which to achieve the goal of formal interoperability. Specificaly, I will briefly discuss:
The GDM approach to specifications and their realizations.  Part I: Specification systems.
, 1995
"... This document reports the general theory of specification systems from the point of view of GDM. GDM is the acronym for "Gda'nsk Development Method". It is the name of a project run in the Institute of Computer Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences and in the University of Gda'nsk, with the supp ..."
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Cited by 9 (6 self)
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This document reports the general theory of specification systems from the point of view of GDM. GDM is the acronym for "Gda'nsk Development Method". It is the name of a project run in the Institute of Computer Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences and in the University of Gda'nsk, with the support of the Polish Committee for Scientific Research and of the EEC programme CRIT. The aim of the project is to set up a framework for a uniform treatment of specification styles encountered in various branches of modern computer science. In the literature to date, a number of formalisms have been proposed with the common aim to describe a planned behaviour of a program, of a data base, or of a piece of hardware. Prominent examples are:
Representations, Hierarchies, and Graphs of Institutions
, 1996
"... For the specification of abstract data types, quite a number of logical systems have been developed. In this work, we will try to give an overview over this variety. As a prerequisite, we first study notions of {\em representation} and embedding between logical systems, which are formalized as {\em ..."
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Cited by 5 (4 self)
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For the specification of abstract data types, quite a number of logical systems have been developed. In this work, we will try to give an overview over this variety. As a prerequisite, we first study notions of {\em representation} and embedding between logical systems, which are formalized as {\em institutions} here. Different kinds of representations will lead to a looser or tighter connection of the institutions, with more or less good possibilities of faithfully embedding the semantics and of reusing proof support. In the second part, we then perform a detailed ``empirical'' study of the relations among various wellknown institutions of total, ordersorted and partial algebras and firstorder structures (all with Horn style, i.e.\ universally quantified conditional, axioms). We thus obtain a {\em graph} of institutions, with different kinds of edges according to the different kinds of representations between institutions studied in the first part. We also prove some separation results, leading to a {\em hierarchy} of institutions, which in turn naturally leads to five subgraphs of the above graph of institutions. They correspond to five different levels of expressiveness in the hierarchy, which can be characterized by different kinds of conditional generation principles. We introduce a systematic notation for institutions of total, ordersorted and partial algebras and firstorder structures. The notation closely follows the combination of features that are present in the respective institution. This raises the question whether these combinations of features can be made mathematically precise in some way. In the third part, we therefore study the combination of institutions with the help of socalled parchments (which are certain algebraic presentations of institutions) and parchment morphisms. The present book is a revised version of the author's thesis, where a number of mathematical problems (pointed out by Andrzej Tarlecki) and a number of misuses of the English language (pointed out by Bernd KriegBr\"uckner) have been corrected. Also, the syntax of specifications has been adopted to that of the recently developed Common Algebraic Specification Language {\sc Casl} \cite{CASL/Summary,Mosses97TAPSOFT}.
Requirement Specifications and Their Realizations: Toward a Unified Framework
, 1996
"... This paper has evolved from a GDM report [34]. In the next report [35], specification systems with more structure are studied; e.g., with a syntax for constructions and specifications. Under rather modest assumptions, a number of useful concepts are introduced and discussed. ..."
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Cited by 2 (2 self)
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This paper has evolved from a GDM report [34]. In the next report [35], specification systems with more structure are studied; e.g., with a syntax for constructions and specifications. Under rather modest assumptions, a number of useful concepts are introduced and discussed.
Interfaces and Extended ML
, 1993
"... This is a position paper giving our views on the uses and makeup of module interfaces. The position espoused is inspired by our work on the Extended ML (EML) formal software development framework and by ideas in the algebraic foundations of specification and formal development. The present state of ..."
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This is a position paper giving our views on the uses and makeup of module interfaces. The position espoused is inspired by our work on the Extended ML (EML) formal software development framework and by ideas in the algebraic foundations of specification and formal development. The present state of interfaces in EML is outlined and set in the context of plans for a more general EMLlike framework with axioms in interfaces taken from an arbitrary logical system formulated as an institution. Some more speculative plans are sketched concerning the simultaneous use of multiple institutions in specification and development. 1 Interfaces in general Modularisation mechanisms in programming languages such as C++ [Str86] and Standard ML (SML) [MacQ86] provide useful tools for coping with the complexity inherent in large software systems. A central ingredient of such schemes is the use of interfaces to mediate module interconnection. A module interface is a description of the facilities that th...
Algebraic System Specification and Development: Survey and Annotated Bibliography  Second Edition 
, 1997
"... Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 4.5.4 Special Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 4.6 Semantics of Programming Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.6.1 Semantics of Ada . . . ..."
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Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 4.5.4 Special Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 4.6 Semantics of Programming Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.6.1 Semantics of Ada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.6.2 Action Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.7 Specification Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4.7.1 Early Algebraic Specification Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4.7.2 Recent Algebraic Specification Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 4.7.3 The Common Framework Initiative. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 5 Methodology 57 5.1 Development Phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 5.1.1 Applica...
May I Borrow Your Logic? (Transporting Logical Structures along Maps)
, 1995
"... It can be very advantageous to borrow key components of a logic for use in another logic. The advantages are both conceptual and practical; due to the existence of software systems supporting mechanized reasoning in a given logic, it may be possible to reuse a system developed for one logicfor ex ..."
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It can be very advantageous to borrow key components of a logic for use in another logic. The advantages are both conceptual and practical; due to the existence of software systems supporting mechanized reasoning in a given logic, it may be possible to reuse a system developed for one logicfor example, a theoremproverto obtain a new system for another. Translations between logics by appropriate mappings provide a first natural way of reusing tools of one logic in another. This paper generalizes this idea to the case where entire componentsfor example, the proof theoryof one of the logics involved may be completely missing, so that the appropriate mapping could not even be defined. The idea then is to borrow the missing components (as well as their associated tools if they exist) from a logic that has them in order to create the fullfledged logic and tools that we desire. The relevant structure is transported using maps that only involve a limited aspect of the two logics ...