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On the Foundations of Final Semantics: NonStandard Sets, Metric Spaces, Partial Orders
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE REX WORKSHOP ON SEMANTICS: FOUNDATIONS AND APPLICATIONS, VOLUME 666 OF LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1998
"... Canonical solutions of domain equations are shown to be final coalgebras, not only in a category of nonstandard sets (as already known), but also in categories of metric spaces and partial orders. Coalgebras are simple categorical structures generalizing the notion of postfixed point. They are ..."
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Cited by 47 (10 self)
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Canonical solutions of domain equations are shown to be final coalgebras, not only in a category of nonstandard sets (as already known), but also in categories of metric spaces and partial orders. Coalgebras are simple categorical structures generalizing the notion of postfixed point. They are also used here for giving a new comprehensive presentation of the (still) nonstandard theory of nonwellfounded sets (as nonstandard sets are usually called). This paper is meant to provide a basis to a more general project aiming at a full exploitation of the finality of the domains in the semantics of programming languages  concurrent ones among them. Such a final semantics enjoys uniformity and generality. For instance, semantic observational equivalences like bisimulation can be derived as instances of a single `coalgebraic' definition (introduced elsewhere), which is parametric of the functor appearing in the domain equation. Some properties of this general form of equivalence are also studied in this paper.
A Coinduction Principle for Recursive Data Types Based on Bisimulation
, 1996
"... This paper provides foundations for a reasoning principle (coinduction) for establishing the equality of potentially infinite elements of selfreferencing (or circular) data types. As it is wellknown, such data types not only form the core of the denotational approach to the semantics of programmin ..."
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Cited by 37 (3 self)
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This paper provides foundations for a reasoning principle (coinduction) for establishing the equality of potentially infinite elements of selfreferencing (or circular) data types. As it is wellknown, such data types not only form the core of the denotational approach to the semantics of programming languages [SS71], but also arise explicitly as recursive data types in functional programming languages like Standard ML [MTH90] or Haskell [HPJW92]. In the latter context, the coinduction principle provides a powerful technique for establishing the equality of programs with values in recursive data types (see examples herein and in [Pit94]).
A Structural CoInduction Theorem
 PROC. MFPS '93, SPRINGER LNCS 802
, 1993
"... The Structural Induction Theorem (Lehmann and Smyth, 1981; Plotkin, 1981) characterizes initial Falgebras of locally continuous functors F on the category of cpo's with strict and continuous maps. Here a dual of that theorem is presented, giving a number of equivalent characterizations of final c ..."
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Cited by 7 (1 self)
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The Structural Induction Theorem (Lehmann and Smyth, 1981; Plotkin, 1981) characterizes initial Falgebras of locally continuous functors F on the category of cpo's with strict and continuous maps. Here a dual of that theorem is presented, giving a number of equivalent characterizations of final coalgebras of such functors. In particular, final coalgebras are order stronglyextensional (sometimes called internal full abstractness): the order is the union of all (ordered) Fbisimulations. (Since the initial fixed point for locally continuous functors is also final, both theorems apply.) Further a similar coinduction theorem is given for a category of complete metric spaces and locally contracting functors.
Induction and recursion on the partial real line with applications to Real PCF
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1997
"... The partial real line is an extension of the Euclidean real line with partial real numbers, which has been used to model exact real number computation in the programming language Real PCF. We introduce induction principles and recursion schemes for the partial unit interval, which allow us to verify ..."
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Cited by 6 (1 self)
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The partial real line is an extension of the Euclidean real line with partial real numbers, which has been used to model exact real number computation in the programming language Real PCF. We introduce induction principles and recursion schemes for the partial unit interval, which allow us to verify that Real PCF programs meet their specification. They resemble the socalled Peano axioms for natural numbers. The theory is based on a domainequationlike presentation of the partial unit interval. The principles are applied to show that Real PCF is universal in the sense that all computable elements of its universe of discourse are definable. These elements include higherorder functions such as integration operators. Keywords: Induction, coinduction, exact real number computation, domain theory, Real PCF, universality. Introduction The partial real line is the domain of compact real intervals ordered by reverse inclusion [28,21]. The idea is that singleton intervals represent total rea...
Induction and recursion on the partial real line via biquotients of bifree algebras (extended abstract
 In Proceedings of the Twelveth Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 1997
"... of bifree algebras ..."