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Voronoi diagrams  a survey of a fundamental geometric data structure
 ACM COMPUTING SURVEYS
, 1991
"... This paper presents a survey of the Voronoi diagram, one of the most fundamental data structures in computational geometry. It demonstrates the importance and usefulness of the Voronoi diagram in a wide variety of fields inside and outside computer science and surveys the history of its development. ..."
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Cited by 560 (5 self)
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This paper presents a survey of the Voronoi diagram, one of the most fundamental data structures in computational geometry. It demonstrates the importance and usefulness of the Voronoi diagram in a wide variety of fields inside and outside computer science and surveys the history of its development. The paper puts particular emphasis on the unified exposition of its mathematical and algorithmic properties. Finally, the paper provides the first comprehensive bibliography on Voronoi diagrams and related structures.
Geometric structures for threedimensional shape representation
 ACM Trans. Graph
, 1984
"... Different geometric structures are investigated in the context of discrete surface representation. It is shown that minimal representations (i.e., polyhedra) can be provided by a surfacebased method using nearest neighbors structures or by a volumebased method using the Delaunay triangulation. Bot ..."
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Cited by 166 (3 self)
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Different geometric structures are investigated in the context of discrete surface representation. It is shown that minimal representations (i.e., polyhedra) can be provided by a surfacebased method using nearest neighbors structures or by a volumebased method using the Delaunay triangulation. Both approaches are compared with respect to various criteria, such as space requirements, computation time, constraints on the distribution of the points, facilities for further calculations, and agreement with the actual shape of the object.
Incremental Clustering and Dynamic Information Retrieval
, 1997
"... Motivated by applications such as document and image classification in information retrieval, we consider the problem of clustering dynamic point sets in a metric space. We propose a model called incremental clustering which is based on a careful analysis of the requirements of the information retri ..."
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Cited by 153 (5 self)
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Motivated by applications such as document and image classification in information retrieval, we consider the problem of clustering dynamic point sets in a metric space. We propose a model called incremental clustering which is based on a careful analysis of the requirements of the information retrieval application, and which should also be useful in other applications. The goal is to efficiently maintain clusters of small diameter as new points are inserted. We analyze several natural greedy algorithms and demonstrate that they perform poorly. We propose new deterministic and randomized incremental clustering algorithms which have a provably good performance. We complement our positive results with lower bounds on the performance of incremental algorithms. Finally, we consider the dual clustering problem where the clusters are of fixed diameter, and the goal is to minimize the number of clusters. 1 Introduction We consider the following problem: as a sequence of points from a metric...
An Elementary Introduction to Modern Convex Geometry
 in Flavors of Geometry
, 1997
"... Introduction to Modern Convex Geometry KEITH BALL Contents Preface 1 Lecture 1. Basic Notions 2 Lecture 2. Spherical Sections of the Cube 8 Lecture 3. Fritz John's Theorem 13 Lecture 4. Volume Ratios and Spherical Sections of the Octahedron 19 Lecture 5. The BrunnMinkowski Inequality and Its Ext ..."
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Cited by 99 (2 self)
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Introduction to Modern Convex Geometry KEITH BALL Contents Preface 1 Lecture 1. Basic Notions 2 Lecture 2. Spherical Sections of the Cube 8 Lecture 3. Fritz John's Theorem 13 Lecture 4. Volume Ratios and Spherical Sections of the Octahedron 19 Lecture 5. The BrunnMinkowski Inequality and Its Extensions 25 Lecture 6. Convolutions and Volume Ratios: The Reverse Isoperimetric Problem 32 Lecture 7. The Central Limit Theorem and Large Deviation Inequalities 37 Lecture 8. Concentration of Measure in Geometry 41 Lecture 9. Dvoretzky's Theorem 47 Acknowledgements 53 References 53 Index 55 Preface These notes are based, somewhat loosely, on three series of lectures given by myself, J. Lindenstrauss and G. Schechtman, during the Introductory Workshop in Convex Geometry held at the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute in Berkeley, early in 1996. A fourth series was given by B. Bollobas, on rapid mixing and random volume algorithms; they are found els
Geometric Models for Quasicrystals I. Delone Sets of Finite Type
, 1998
"... This paper studies three classes of discrete sets X in R n which have a weak translational order imposed by increasingly strong restrictions on their sets of interpoint vectors X \Gamma X . A finitely generated Delone set is one such that the abelian group [X \Gamma X ] generated by X \Gamma X i ..."
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Cited by 55 (6 self)
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This paper studies three classes of discrete sets X in R n which have a weak translational order imposed by increasingly strong restrictions on their sets of interpoint vectors X \Gamma X . A finitely generated Delone set is one such that the abelian group [X \Gamma X ] generated by X \Gamma X is finitely generated, so that [X \Gamma X ] is a lattice or a quasilattice. For such sets the abelian group [X ] is finitely generated, and by choosing a basis of [X ] one obtains a homomorphism OE : [X ]!Z s . A Delone set of finite type is a Delone set X such that X \Gamma X is a discrete closed set. A Meyer set is a Delone set X such that X \Gamma X is a Delone set. Delone sets of finite type form a natural class for modelling quasicrystalline structures, because the property of being a Delone set of finite type is determined by "local rules." That is, a Delone set X is of finite type if and only if it has a 20 finite number of neighborhoods of radius 2R, up to translation, where R is ...
Averaging bounds for lattices and linear codes
 IEEE Trans. Information Theory
, 1997
"... Abstract — General random coding theorems for lattices are derived from the Minkowski–Hlawka theorem and their close relation to standard averaging arguments for linear codes over finite fields is pointed out. A new version of the Minkowski–Hlawka theorem itself is obtained as the limit, for p!1,ofa ..."
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Cited by 50 (1 self)
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Abstract — General random coding theorems for lattices are derived from the Minkowski–Hlawka theorem and their close relation to standard averaging arguments for linear codes over finite fields is pointed out. A new version of the Minkowski–Hlawka theorem itself is obtained as the limit, for p!1,ofasimple lemma for linear codes over GF (p) used with plevel amplitude modulation. The relation between the combinatorial packing of solid bodies and the informationtheoretic “soft packing ” with arbitrarily small, but positive, overlap is illuminated. The “softpacking” results are new. When specialized to the additive white Gaussian noise channel, they reduce to (a version of) the de Buda–Poltyrev result that spherically shaped lattice codes and adecoder that is unaware of the shaping can achieve the rate 1=2 log2 (P=N).
Hierarchical Geometric Approximations
, 1994
"... This dissertation explores some techniques for automatic approximation of geometric objects. My thesis is that using and extending concepts from computational geometry can help us in devising efficient and parallelizable algorithms for automatically constructing useful detail hierarchies for geometr ..."
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Cited by 36 (4 self)
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This dissertation explores some techniques for automatic approximation of geometric objects. My thesis is that using and extending concepts from computational geometry can help us in devising efficient and parallelizable algorithms for automatically constructing useful detail hierarchies for geometric objects. We have demonstrated this by developing new algorithms for two kinds of geometric approximation problems that have been motivated by a single driving problem  the efficient computation and display of smooth solventaccessible molecular surfaces. The applications of these detail hierarchies are in biochemistry and computer graphics. The smooth solventaccessible surface of a molecule is useful in studying the structure and interactions of proteins, in particular for attacking the proteinsubstrate docking problem. We have developed a parallel lineartime algorithm for computing molecular surfaces. Molecular surfaces are equivalent to the weighted ffhulls. Thus our work is pot...
Lattices for distributed source coding: Jointly Gaussian sources and reconstruction of a linear function
 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, SUBMITTED
, 2007
"... Consider a pair of correlated Gaussian sources (X1, X2). Two separate encoders observe the two components and communicate compressed versions of their observations to a common decoder. The decoder is interested in reconstructing a linear combination of X1 and X2 to within a meansquare distortion of ..."
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Cited by 28 (2 self)
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Consider a pair of correlated Gaussian sources (X1, X2). Two separate encoders observe the two components and communicate compressed versions of their observations to a common decoder. The decoder is interested in reconstructing a linear combination of X1 and X2 to within a meansquare distortion of D. We obtain an inner bound to the optimal ratedistortion region for this problem. A portion of this inner bound is achieved by a scheme that reconstructs the linear function directly rather than reconstructing the individual components X1 and X2 first. This results in a better rate region for certain parameter values. Our coding scheme relies on lattice coding techniques in contrast to more prevalent random coding arguments used to demonstrate achievable rate regions in information theory. We then consider the case of linear reconstruction of K sources and provide an inner bound to the optimal ratedistortion region. Some parts of the inner bound are achieved using the following coding structure: lattice vector quantization followed by “correlated” latticestructured binning.
On The Randomized Construction Of The Delaunay Tree
, 1991
"... The Delaunay Tree is a hierarchical data structure that was introduced in [BT86]. It is defined from the Delaunay triangulation and, roughly speaking, represents a triangulation as a hierarchy of balls. It allows a semidynamic construction of the Delaunay triangulation of a finite set of n points i ..."
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Cited by 20 (3 self)
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The Delaunay Tree is a hierarchical data structure that was introduced in [BT86]. It is defined from the Delaunay triangulation and, roughly speaking, represents a triangulation as a hierarchy of balls. It allows a semidynamic construction of the Delaunay triangulation of a finite set of n points in any dimension. In this paper, we prove that a randomized construction of the Delaunay Tree (and thus, of the Delaunay triangulation) can be done in O(n log n) expected time in the plane and in O i n d d 2 e j expected time in ddimensional space. These results are optimal for fixed d. The algorithm is extremely simple and experimental results are given.
The Cell Structures of Certain Lattices
, 1991
"... . The most important lattices in Euclidean space of dimension n 8 are the lattices A n (n ³ 2), D n (n ³ 4), E n (n = 6 , 7 , 8) and their duals. In this paper we determine the cell structures of all these lattices and their Voronoi and Delaunay polytopes in a uniform manner. The results for E 6 * ..."
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Cited by 19 (8 self)
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. The most important lattices in Euclidean space of dimension n 8 are the lattices A n (n ³ 2), D n (n ³ 4), E n (n = 6 , 7 , 8) and their duals. In this paper we determine the cell structures of all these lattices and their Voronoi and Delaunay polytopes in a uniform manner. The results for E 6 * and E 7 * simplify recent work of Worley, and also provide what may be new spacefilling polytopes in dimensions 6 and 7. 1. Introduction The CoxeterDynkin diagrams of types A n , D n , E 6 , E 7 and E 8 arise in surprisingly different parts of mathematics  see the discussions by Arnold [1] and Hazewinkel et al. [30]. In the present paper we study __________________ * This paper appeared in {\m Miscellanea mathematica}, P. Hilton, F. Hirzebruch, and R. Remmert, Eds., SpringerVerlag, NY, 1991, pp. 71107. (**) From the English version AutodaFe(Continuum, New York, p. 385) as translated by C. V. Wedgwood: "You have but to know an object by its proper name for it to lose its dange...