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54
Tableau Methods for Modal and Temporal Logics
, 1995
"... This document is a complete draft of a chapter by Rajeev Gor'e on "Tableau Methods for Modal and Temporal Logics" which is part of the "Handbook of Tableau Methods", edited by M. D'Agostino, D. Gabbay, R. Hahnle and J. Posegga, to be published in 1998 by Kluwer, Dordrecht. Any comments and correctio ..."
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Cited by 125 (20 self)
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This document is a complete draft of a chapter by Rajeev Gor'e on "Tableau Methods for Modal and Temporal Logics" which is part of the "Handbook of Tableau Methods", edited by M. D'Agostino, D. Gabbay, R. Hahnle and J. Posegga, to be published in 1998 by Kluwer, Dordrecht. Any comments and corrections are highly welcome. Please email me at rpg@arp.anu.edu.au The latest version of this document can be obtained via my WWW home page: http://arp.anu.edu.au/ Tableau Methods for Modal and Temporal Logics Rajeev Gor'e Contents 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 Preliminaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1 Syntax and Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2 Axiomatics of Modal Logics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.3 Kripke Semantics For Modal Logics . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.4 Known Correspondence and Completeness Results . . . . 6 2.5 Logical Consequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2....
The TPTP Problem Library
, 1999
"... This report provides a detailed description of the TPTP Problem Library for automated theorem proving systems. The library is available via Internet, and forms a common basis for development of and experimentation with automated theorem provers. This report provides: ffl the motivations for buildin ..."
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Cited by 100 (6 self)
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This report provides a detailed description of the TPTP Problem Library for automated theorem proving systems. The library is available via Internet, and forms a common basis for development of and experimentation with automated theorem provers. This report provides: ffl the motivations for building the library; ffl a discussion of the inadequacies of previous problem collections, and how these have been resolved in the TPTP; ffl a description of the library structure, including overview information; ffl descriptions of supplementary utility programs; ffl guidelines for obtaining and using the library; Contents 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Previous Problem Collections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.2 What is Required? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 Inside the TPTP 6 2.1 The TPTP Domain Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
Hyper Tableaux
, 1996
"... This paper introduces a variant of clausal normal form tableaux that we call "hyper tableaux". Hyper tableaux keep many desirable features of analytic tableaux while taking advantage of the central idea from (positive) hyper resolution, namely to resolve away all negative literals of a clause in a s ..."
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Cited by 73 (17 self)
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This paper introduces a variant of clausal normal form tableaux that we call "hyper tableaux". Hyper tableaux keep many desirable features of analytic tableaux while taking advantage of the central idea from (positive) hyper resolution, namely to resolve away all negative literals of a clause in a single inference step. Another feature of the proposed calculus is the extensive use of universally quantified variables. This enables new efficient forwardchaining proof procedures for full first order theories as variants of tableaux calculi.
Free Variable Tableaux for Propositional Modal Logics
 TABLEAUX97, LNCS 1227
, 1997
"... We present a sound, complete, modular and lean labelled tableau calculus for many propositional modal logics where the labels contain "free" and "universal" variables. Our "lean" Prolog implementation is not only surprisingly short, but compares favourably with other considerably more complex implem ..."
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Cited by 41 (5 self)
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We present a sound, complete, modular and lean labelled tableau calculus for many propositional modal logics where the labels contain "free" and "universal" variables. Our "lean" Prolog implementation is not only surprisingly short, but compares favourably with other considerably more complex implementations for modal deduction.
A FirstOrder Logic DavisPutnamLogemannLoveland Procedure
"... The DavisPutnamLogemannLoveland procedure (DPLL) was introduced in the early ..."
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Cited by 38 (6 self)
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The DavisPutnamLogemannLoveland procedure (DPLL) was introduced in the early
A generic tableau prover and its integration with Isabelle
 Journal of Universal Computer Science
, 1999
"... Abstract: A generic tableau prover has been implemented and integrated with Isabelle [Paulson, 1994]. Compared with classical rstorder logic provers, it has numerous extensions that allow it to reason with any supplied set of tableau rules. It has a higherorder syntax in order to support userde ne ..."
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Cited by 38 (10 self)
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Abstract: A generic tableau prover has been implemented and integrated with Isabelle [Paulson, 1994]. Compared with classical rstorder logic provers, it has numerous extensions that allow it to reason with any supplied set of tableau rules. It has a higherorder syntax in order to support userde ned binding operators, such as those of set theory. The uni cation algorithm is rstorder instead of higherorder, but it includes modi cations to handle bound variables. The proof, when found, is returned to Isabelle as a list of tactics. Because Isabelle veri es the proof, the prover can cut corners for e ciency's sake without compromising soundness. For example, the prover can use type information to guide the search without storing type information in full. Categories: F.4, I.1
Towards Brokering ProblemSolving Knowledge on the Internet
 IN KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION, MODELING, AND MANAGEMENT, PROCEEDINGS OF THE EUROPEAN KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION WORKSHOP
, 1999
"... We describe the ingredients of an intelligent agent (a broker) for configuration and execution of knowledge systems for customer requests. The knowledge systems are configured from reusable problemsolving methods that reside in digital libraries on the Internet. The approach followed amounts t ..."
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Cited by 26 (5 self)
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We describe the ingredients of an intelligent agent (a broker) for configuration and execution of knowledge systems for customer requests. The knowledge systems are configured from reusable problemsolving methods that reside in digital libraries on the Internet. The approach followed amounts to solving two subproblems: (i) the configuration problem which implies that we have to reason about problemsolving components, and (ii) execution of heterogeneous components. We use CORBA as the communication infrastructure.
Generic Automatic Proof Tools
, 1997
"... This article explores a synthesis between two distinct traditions in automated reasoning: resolution and interaction. In particular it discusses Isabelle, an interactive theorem prover based upon a form of resolution. It aims to demonstrate the value of proof tools that, compared with traditional re ..."
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Cited by 26 (9 self)
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This article explores a synthesis between two distinct traditions in automated reasoning: resolution and interaction. In particular it discusses Isabelle, an interactive theorem prover based upon a form of resolution. It aims to demonstrate the value of proof tools that, compared with traditional resolution systems, seem absurdly limited. Isabelle's classical reasoner searches for proofs using a tableau approach. The reasoner is generic: it accepts rules proved in applied theories, involving defined connectives. The reasoner works in a variety of domains without reducing them to firstorder logic. Resolution systems such as Otter [13], setheo [11] and pttp [34] represent automatic theorem proving at its highest point of refinement. They achieve extremely high inference rates and can run continuously for days without running out of storage. They can crack many of the toughest challenge problems that have been circulated. While they exploit many specialized algorithms, data structures and optimizations, they rely crucially on unification. Interactive systems let the user direct each step of the proof. They can implement complicated formalisms, chosen for maximum expressiveness, and typically based on the typed calculus. hol [7, 8] and pvs [23] are used for verification of hardware and realtime systems, while Coq [4] is used for formalizing mathematics. Large numbers of axioms  say, the description of a cpu design  do not overwhelm them, because finding the proof is the user's job. Partial automation is sometimes provided, but a resolution enthusiast would regret the lack of uniform search procedures based on unification. One procedure provided by most interactive provers is rewriting. Rewrite rules have many advantages. Unlike programmed inference rules, they are ...
Simplification  A general constraint propagation technique for propositional and modal tableaux
, 1998
"... . Tableau and sequent calculi are the basis for most popular interactive theorem provers for formal verification. Yet, when it comes to automatic proof search, tableaux are often slower than DavisPutnam, SAT procedures or other techniques. This is partly due to the absence of a bivalence principle ..."
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Cited by 24 (2 self)
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. Tableau and sequent calculi are the basis for most popular interactive theorem provers for formal verification. Yet, when it comes to automatic proof search, tableaux are often slower than DavisPutnam, SAT procedures or other techniques. This is partly due to the absence of a bivalence principle (viz. the cutrule) but there is another source of inefficiency: the lack of constraint propagation mechanisms. This paper proposes an innovation in this direction: the rule of simplification, which plays for tableaux the role of subsumption for resolution and of unit for the DavisPutnam procedure. The simplicity and generality of simplification make possible its extension in a uniform way from propositional logic to a wide range of modal logics. This technique gives an unifying view of a number of tableauxlike calculi such as DPLL, KE, HARP, hypertableaux, BCP, KSAT. We show its practical impact with experimental results for random 3SAT and the industrial IFIP benchmarks for hardware ve...
Formalized mathematics
 TURKU CENTRE FOR COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1996
"... It is generally accepted that in principle it’s possible to formalize completely almost all of presentday mathematics. The practicability of actually doing so is widely doubted, as is the value of the result. But in the computer age we believe that such formalization is possible and desirable. In c ..."
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Cited by 23 (0 self)
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It is generally accepted that in principle it’s possible to formalize completely almost all of presentday mathematics. The practicability of actually doing so is widely doubted, as is the value of the result. But in the computer age we believe that such formalization is possible and desirable. In contrast to the QED Manifesto however, we do not offer polemics in support of such a project. We merely try to place the formalization of mathematics in its historical perspective, as well as looking at existing praxis and identifying what we regard as the most interesting issues, theoretical and practical.