Results 1  10
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555
Near Optimal Signal Recovery From Random Projections: Universal Encoding Strategies?
, 2004
"... Suppose we are given a vector f in RN. How many linear measurements do we need to make about f to be able to recover f to within precision ɛ in the Euclidean (ℓ2) metric? Or more exactly, suppose we are interested in a class F of such objects— discrete digital signals, images, etc; how many linear m ..."
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Cited by 832 (16 self)
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Suppose we are given a vector f in RN. How many linear measurements do we need to make about f to be able to recover f to within precision ɛ in the Euclidean (ℓ2) metric? Or more exactly, suppose we are interested in a class F of such objects— discrete digital signals, images, etc; how many linear measurements do we need to recover objects from this class to within accuracy ɛ? This paper shows that if the objects of interest are sparse or compressible in the sense that the reordered entries of a signal f ∈ F decay like a powerlaw (or if the coefficient sequence of f in a fixed basis decays like a powerlaw), then it is possible to reconstruct f to within very high accuracy from a small number of random measurements. typical result is as follows: we rearrange the entries of f (or its coefficients in a fixed basis) in decreasing order of magnitude f  (1) ≥ f  (2) ≥... ≥ f  (N), and define the weakℓp ball as the class F of those elements whose entries obey the power decay law f  (n) ≤ C · n −1/p. We take measurements 〈f, Xk〉, k = 1,..., K, where the Xk are Ndimensional Gaussian
Models and issues in data stream systems
 IN PODS
, 2002
"... In this overview paper we motivate the need for and research issues arising from a new model of data processing. In this model, data does not take the form of persistent relations, but rather arrives in multiple, continuous, rapid, timevarying data streams. In addition to reviewing past work releva ..."
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Cited by 620 (19 self)
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In this overview paper we motivate the need for and research issues arising from a new model of data processing. In this model, data does not take the form of persistent relations, but rather arrives in multiple, continuous, rapid, timevarying data streams. In addition to reviewing past work relevant to data stream systems and current projects in the area, the paper explores topics in stream query languages, new requirements and challenges in query processing, and algorithmic issues.
Data Streams: Algorithms and Applications
, 2005
"... In the data stream scenario, input arrives very rapidly and there is limited memory to store the input. Algorithms have to work with one or few passes over the data, space less than linear in the input size or time significantly less than the input size. In the past few years, a new theory has emerg ..."
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Cited by 375 (21 self)
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In the data stream scenario, input arrives very rapidly and there is limited memory to store the input. Algorithms have to work with one or few passes over the data, space less than linear in the input size or time significantly less than the input size. In the past few years, a new theory has emerged for reasoning about algorithms that work within these constraints on space, time, and number of passes. Some of the methods rely on metric embeddings, pseudorandom computations, sparse approximation theory and communication complexity. The applications for this scenario include IP network traffic analysis, mining text message streams and processing massive data sets in general. Researchers in Theoretical Computer Science, Databases, IP Networking and Computer Systems are working on the data stream challenges. This article is an overview and survey of data stream algorithmics and is an updated version of [175].1
Approximate Frequency Counts over Data Streams
 VLDB
, 2002
"... We present algorithms for computing frequency counts exceeding a userspecified threshold over data streams. Our algorithms are simple and have provably small memory footprints. Although the output is approximate, the error is guaranteed not to exceed a userspecified parameter. Our algorithms can e ..."
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Cited by 330 (1 self)
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We present algorithms for computing frequency counts exceeding a userspecified threshold over data streams. Our algorithms are simple and have provably small memory footprints. Although the output is approximate, the error is guaranteed not to exceed a userspecified parameter. Our algorithms can easily be deployed for streams of singleton items like those found in IP network monitoring. We can also handle streams of variable sized sets of items exemplified by a sequence of market basket transactions at a retail store. For such streams, we describe an optimized implementation to compute frequent itemsets in a single pass.
GossipBased Computation of Aggregate Information
, 2003
"... between computers, and a resulting paradigm shift from centralized to highly distributed systems. With massive scale also comes massive instability, as node and link failures become the norm rather than the exception. For such highly volatile systems, decentralized gossipbased protocols are emergin ..."
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Cited by 297 (1 self)
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between computers, and a resulting paradigm shift from centralized to highly distributed systems. With massive scale also comes massive instability, as node and link failures become the norm rather than the exception. For such highly volatile systems, decentralized gossipbased protocols are emerging as an approach to maintaining simplicity and scalability while achieving faulttolerant information dissemination.
An improved data stream summary: The CountMin sketch and its applications
 J. Algorithms
, 2004
"... Abstract. We introduce a new sublinear space data structure—the CountMin Sketch — for summarizing data streams. Our sketch allows fundamental queries in data stream summarization such as point, range, and inner product queries to be approximately answered very quickly; in addition, it can be applie ..."
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Cited by 293 (36 self)
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Abstract. We introduce a new sublinear space data structure—the CountMin Sketch — for summarizing data streams. Our sketch allows fundamental queries in data stream summarization such as point, range, and inner product queries to be approximately answered very quickly; in addition, it can be applied to solve several important problems in data streams such as finding quantiles, frequent items, etc. The time and space bounds we show for using the CM sketch to solve these problems significantly improve those previously known — typically from 1/ε 2 to 1/ε in factor. 1
Stable Distributions, Pseudorandom Generators, Embeddings and Data Stream Computation
, 2000
"... In this paper we show several results obtained by combining the use of stable distributions with pseudorandom generators for bounded space. In particular: ffl we show how to maintain (using only O(log n=ffl 2 ) words of storage) a sketch C(p) of a point p 2 l n 1 under dynamic updates of its coo ..."
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Cited by 263 (15 self)
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In this paper we show several results obtained by combining the use of stable distributions with pseudorandom generators for bounded space. In particular: ffl we show how to maintain (using only O(log n=ffl 2 ) words of storage) a sketch C(p) of a point p 2 l n 1 under dynamic updates of its coordinates, such that given sketches C(p) and C(q) one can estimate jp \Gamma qj 1 up to a factor of (1 + ffl) with large probability. This solves the main open problem of [10]. ffl we obtain another sketch function C 0 which maps l n 1 into a normed space l m 1 (as opposed to C), such that m = m(n) is much smaller than n; to our knowledge this is the first dimensionality reduction lemma for l 1 norm ffl we give an explicit embedding of l n 2 into l n O(log n) 1 with distortion (1 + 1=n \Theta(1) ) and a nonconstructive embedding of l n 2 into l O(n) 1 with distortion (1 + ffl) such that the embedding can be represented using only O(n log 2 n) bits (as opposed to at least...
Finding frequent items in data streams
, 2002
"... Abstract. We present a 1pass algorithm for estimating the most frequent items in a data stream using very limited storage space. Our method relies on a novel data structure called a count sketch, which allows us to estimate the frequencies of all the items in the stream. Our algorithm achieves bett ..."
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Cited by 259 (0 self)
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Abstract. We present a 1pass algorithm for estimating the most frequent items in a data stream using very limited storage space. Our method relies on a novel data structure called a count sketch, which allows us to estimate the frequencies of all the items in the stream. Our algorithm achieves better space bounds than the previous best known algorithms for this problem for many natural distributions on the item frequencies. In addition, our algorithm leads directly to a 2pass algorithm for the problem of estimating the items with the largest (absolute) change in frequency between two data streams. To our knowledge, this problem has not been previously studied in the literature. 1
Continuous Queries over Data Streams
, 2004
"... In many recent applications, data may take the form of continuous data streams, rather than finite stored data sets. Several aspects of data management need to be reconsidered in the presence of data streams, offering a new research direction for the database community. In this paper we focus primar ..."
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Cited by 247 (9 self)
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In many recent applications, data may take the form of continuous data streams, rather than finite stored data sets. Several aspects of data management need to be reconsidered in the presence of data streams, offering a new research direction for the database community. In this paper we focus primarily on the problem of query processing, specifically on how to define and evaluate continuous queries over data streams. We address semantic issues as well as efficiency concerns. Our main contributions are threefold. First, we specify a general and flexible architecture for query processing in the presence of data streams. Second, we use our basic architecture as a tool to clarify alternative semantics and processing techniques for continuous queries. The architecture also captures most previous work on continuous queries and data streams, as well as related concepts such as triggers and materialized views. Finally, we map out research topics in the area of query processing over data streams, showing where previous work is relevant and describing problems yet to be addressed.
Approximate aggregation techniques for sensor databases
 In ICDE
, 2004
"... In the emerging area of sensorbased systems, a significant challenge is to develop scalable, faulttolerant methods to extract useful information from the data the sensors collect. An approach to this data management problem is the use of sensor database systems, exemplified by TinyDB and Cougar, w ..."
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Cited by 234 (5 self)
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In the emerging area of sensorbased systems, a significant challenge is to develop scalable, faulttolerant methods to extract useful information from the data the sensors collect. An approach to this data management problem is the use of sensor database systems, exemplified by TinyDB and Cougar, which allow users to perform aggregation queries such as MIN, COUNT and AVG on a sensor network. Due to power and range constraints, centralized approaches are generally impractical, so most systems use innetwork aggregation to reduce network traffic. Also, aggregation strategies must provide faulttolerance to address the issues of packet loss and node failures inherent in such a system. An unfortunate consequence of standard methods is that they typically introduce duplicate values, which must be accounted for to compute aggregates correctly. Another consequence of loss in the network is that exact aggregation is not possible in general. With this in mind, we investigate the use of approximate innetwork aggregation using small sketches. Our contributions are as follows: 1) we generalize well known duplicateinsensitive sketches for approximating COUNT to handle SUM (and by extension, AVG and other aggregates), 2) we present and analyze methods for using sketches to produce accurate results with low communication and computation overhead (even on lowpowered CPUs with little storage and no floating point operations), and 3) we present an extensive experimental validation of our methods. 1