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89
Predicting the Drape of Woven Cloth Using Interacting Particles
, 1994
"... We demonstrate a physicallybased technique for predicting the drape of a wide variety of woven fabrics. The approach exploits a theoretical model that explicitly represents the microstructure of woven cloth with interacting particles, rather than utilizing a continuum approximation. By testing a cl ..."
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Cited by 119 (5 self)
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We demonstrate a physicallybased technique for predicting the drape of a wide variety of woven fabrics. The approach exploits a theoretical model that explicitly represents the microstructure of woven cloth with interacting particles, rather than utilizing a continuum approximation. By testing a cloth sample in a Kawabata fabric testing device, we obtain data that is used to tune the model's energy functions, so that it reproduces the draping behavior of the original material. Photographs, comparing the drape of actual cloth with visualizations of simulation results, show that we are able to reliably model the unique largescale draping characteristics of distinctly different fabric types. iii Figure 1.1: Draping cloth objects 1 Introduction The vast number of uses for cloth are mirrored in the extraordinary variety of types of woven fabrics. These range from the most exquisite fine silks, to the coarsest of burlaps, and are woven from such diverse fibers as natural wool and synth...
Offering a PrecisionPerformance Tradeoff for Aggregation Queries over Replicated Data
, 2000
"... Strict consistency of replicated data is infeasible or not required by many distributed applications, so current systems often permit stale replication,inwhich cached copies of data values are allowed to become out of date. Queries over cached data return an answer quickly, but the stale answer ..."
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Cited by 92 (8 self)
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Strict consistency of replicated data is infeasible or not required by many distributed applications, so current systems often permit stale replication,inwhich cached copies of data values are allowed to become out of date. Queries over cached data return an answer quickly, but the stale answer may be unboundedly imprecise. Alternatively, queries over remote master data return a precise answer, but with potentially poor performance. To bridge the gap between these two extremes, we propose a new class of replication systems called TRAPP (Tradeoff in Replication Precision and Performance). TRAPP systems give each user finegrained control over the tradeoff between precision and performance: Caches store ranges that are guaranteed to bound the current data values, instead of storing stale exact values. Users supply a quantitative precision constraint along with each query. To answer a query, TRAPP systems automatically select a combination of locally cached bounds and exact master data stored remotely to deliver a bounded answer consisting of a range that is no wider than the specified precision constraint, that is guaranteed to contain the precise answer, and that is computed as quickly as possible. This paper defines the architecture of TRAPP replication systems and covers some mechanics of caching data ranges. It then focuses on queries with aggregation, presenting optimization algorithms for answering queries with precision constraints, and reporting on performance experiments that demonstrate the finegrained control of the precisionperformance tradeoff offered by TRAPP systems.
Automatic Structures
 IN PROC. 15TH IEEE SYMP. ON LOGIC IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 1999
"... We study definability and complexity issues for automatic and wautomatic structures. These are, in general, infinite structures but they can be finitely presented by a collection of automata. Moreover, they admit effective (in fact automatic) evaluation of all firstorder queries. Therefore, automa ..."
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Cited by 90 (7 self)
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We study definability and complexity issues for automatic and wautomatic structures. These are, in general, infinite structures but they can be finitely presented by a collection of automata. Moreover, they admit effective (in fact automatic) evaluation of all firstorder queries. Therefore, automatic structures provide an interesting framework for extending many algorithmic and logical methods from finite structures to infinite ones. We explain the notion of (w)automatic structures, give examples, and discuss the relationship to automatic groups. We determine the complexity of model checking and query evaluation on automatic structures for fragments of firstorder logic. Further, we study closure properties and definability issues on automatic structures and present a technique for proving that a structure is not automatic. We give modeltheoretic characterisations for automatic structures via interpretations. Finally we discuss the composition theory of automatic structures and pro...
Racer: A Core Inference Engine for the Semantic Web
, 2003
"... In this paper we describe Racer, which can be considered as a core inference engine for the semantic web. The Racer inference server o#ers two APIs that are already used by at least three di#erent network clients, i.e., the ontology editor OilEd, the visualization tool RICE, and the ontology dev ..."
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Cited by 76 (0 self)
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In this paper we describe Racer, which can be considered as a core inference engine for the semantic web. The Racer inference server o#ers two APIs that are already used by at least three di#erent network clients, i.e., the ontology editor OilEd, the visualization tool RICE, and the ontology development environment Protege 2. The Racer server supports the standard DIG protocol via HTTP and a TCP based protocol with extensive query facilities. Racer currently supports the web ontology languages DAML+OIL, RDF, and OWL.
A Query Language Based on the Ambient Logic
, 2001
"... The ambient logic is a modal logic proposed to describe the structural and computational properties of distributed and mobile computation. The structural part of the ambient logic is, essentially, a logic of labeled trees, hence it turns out to be a good foundation for query languages for semistruct ..."
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Cited by 62 (11 self)
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The ambient logic is a modal logic proposed to describe the structural and computational properties of distributed and mobile computation. The structural part of the ambient logic is, essentially, a logic of labeled trees, hence it turns out to be a good foundation for query languages for semistructured data, much in the same way as first order logic is a fitting foundation for relational query languages. We define here a query language for semistructured data that is based on the ambient logic, and we outline an execution model for this language. The language turns out to be quite expressive. Its strong foundations and the equivalences that hold in the ambient logic are helpful in the definition of the language semantics and execution model.
Constraint Programming and Database Query Languages
 In Proc. 2nd Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Software (TACS
, 1994
"... . The declarative programming paradigms used in constraint languages can lead to powerful extensions of Codd's relational data model. The development of constraint database query languages from logical database query languages has many similarities with the development of constraint logic programmin ..."
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Cited by 60 (3 self)
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. The declarative programming paradigms used in constraint languages can lead to powerful extensions of Codd's relational data model. The development of constraint database query languages from logical database query languages has many similarities with the development of constraint logic programming from logic programming, but with the additional requirements of data efficient, setatatime, and bottomup evaluation. In this overview of constraint query languages (CQLs) we first present the framework of [41]. The principal idea is that: "the ktuple (or record) data type can be generalized by a conjunction of quantifierfree constraints over k variables". The generalization must preserve various language properties of the relational data model, e.g., the calculus/algebra equivalence, and have time complexity polynomial in the size of the data. We next present an algebra for dense order constraints that is simpler to evaluate than the calculus described in [41], and we sharpen some of...
Finitely Representable Databases
, 1995
"... : We study classes of infinite but finitely representable databases based on constraints, motivated by new database applications such as geographical databases. We formally define these notions and introduce the concept of query which generalizes queries over classical relational databases. We prove ..."
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Cited by 55 (8 self)
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: We study classes of infinite but finitely representable databases based on constraints, motivated by new database applications such as geographical databases. We formally define these notions and introduce the concept of query which generalizes queries over classical relational databases. We prove that in this context the basic properties of queries (satisfiability, containment, equivalence, etc.) are nonrecursive. We investigate the theory of finitely representable models and prove that it differs strongly from both classical model theory and finite model theory. In particular, we show that most of the well known theorems of either one fail (compactness, completeness, locality, 0/1 laws, etc.). An immediate consequence is the lack of tools to consider the definability of queries in the relational calculus over finitely representable databases. We illustrate this very challenging problem through some classical examples. We then mainly concentrate on dense order databases, and exhibit...
An Experimental CLP Platform for Integrity Constraints and Abduction
 In Proceedings of FQAS2000, Flexible Query Answering Systems: Advances in Soft Computing series
, 2000
"... Integrity constraint and abduction are important in queryanswering systems for enhanced query processing and for expressing knowledge in databases. A straightforward characterization of the two is given in a subset of the language CHR _ , originally intended for writing constraint solvers to be a ..."
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Cited by 35 (13 self)
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Integrity constraint and abduction are important in queryanswering systems for enhanced query processing and for expressing knowledge in databases. A straightforward characterization of the two is given in a subset of the language CHR _ , originally intended for writing constraint solvers to be applied for CLP languages. This subset has a strikingly simple computational model that can be executed using existing, Prologbased technology. Together with earlier results, this confirms CHR _ as a multiparadigm platform for experimenting with combinations of topdown and bottomup evaluation, disjunctive databases and, as shown here, integrity constraint and abduction 1 Introduction Constraint logic programming (CLP) [10] is established as an extension to logic programming that adds higher expressibility and in some cases more efficient query evaluation. CLP has also given rise to a field of constraint databases [14]. In the present paper, we suggest CLP techniques applied for defini...
Variable Independence and Aggregation Closure
 IN ACM SYMPOSIUM ON PRINCIPLES OF DATABASE SYSTEMS
, 1996
"... We discuss the issue of adding aggregation to constraint databases. Previous work has shown that, in general, adding aggregates to constraint databases results in languages that are not closed. We show that by imposing a natural restriction, called variable independence (which is a generalization of ..."
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Cited by 31 (10 self)
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We discuss the issue of adding aggregation to constraint databases. Previous work has shown that, in general, adding aggregates to constraint databases results in languages that are not closed. We show that by imposing a natural restriction, called variable independence (which is a generalization of the assumptions underlying the classical relational model of data) on the schema, we can guarantee that a restricted version of the language with aggregation is closed. We illustrate our approach in the context of linear constraint databases.
Manipulating Spatial Data in Constraint Databases
, 1997
"... . Constraint databases have recently been proposed as a powerful framework to model and retrieve spatial data. In a constraint database, a spatial object is represented as a quantifier free conjunction of (usually linear) constraints, called generalized tuple. The set of solutions of such quantifier ..."
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Cited by 25 (4 self)
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. Constraint databases have recently been proposed as a powerful framework to model and retrieve spatial data. In a constraint database, a spatial object is represented as a quantifier free conjunction of (usually linear) constraints, called generalized tuple. The set of solutions of such quantifier free formula represents the set of points belonging to the extension of the object. The relational algebra can be easily extended to deal with generalized relations. However, such algebra has some limitations when it is used for modeling spatial data. First of all, there is no explicit way to deal with the set of points representing a spatial object as a whole. Rather, only pointbased computations can be performed using this algebra. Second, practical constraint database languages typically use linear constraints. This allows to use efficient algorithms but, at the same time, some interesting queries cannot be represented (for example, the distance between two objects cannot be computed). ...