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Planarizing Graphs  A Survey and Annotated Bibliography
, 1999
"... Given a finite, undirected, simple graph G, we are concerned with operations on G that transform it into a planar graph. We give a survey of results about such operations and related graph parameters. While there are many algorithmic results about planarization through edge deletion, the results abo ..."
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Cited by 33 (0 self)
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Given a finite, undirected, simple graph G, we are concerned with operations on G that transform it into a planar graph. We give a survey of results about such operations and related graph parameters. While there are many algorithmic results about planarization through edge deletion, the results about vertex splitting, thickness, and crossing number are mostly of a structural nature. We also include a brief section on vertex deletion. We do not consider parallel algorithms, nor do we deal with online algorithms.
Embedding Planar Graphs in Seven Pages
, 1984
"... This paper investigates the problem of embedding planar graphs in books of few pages. An efficient algorithm for embedding a planar graph in a book establishes an upper bound of seven pages for any planar graph. This disproves a conjecture of Bernhart and Kainen that the pagenumber of a planar graph ..."
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Cited by 9 (1 self)
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This paper investigates the problem of embedding planar graphs in books of few pages. An efficient algorithm for embedding a planar graph in a book establishes an upper bound of seven pages for any planar graph. This disproves a conjecture of Bernhart and Kainen that the pagenumber of a planar graph can be arbitrarily large. It is also shown that the stellations of K3 have pagenumber three, the best possible.
On the Queue Number of Planar Graphs
, 2010
"... We prove that planar graphs have O(log 4 n) queue number, thus improving upon the previous O ( √ n) upper bound. Consequently, planar graphs admit 3D straightline crossingfree grid drawings in O(n log c n) volume, for some constant c, thus improving upon the previous O(n 3/2) upper bound. 2 1 ..."
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Cited by 3 (0 self)
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We prove that planar graphs have O(log 4 n) queue number, thus improving upon the previous O ( √ n) upper bound. Consequently, planar graphs admit 3D straightline crossingfree grid drawings in O(n log c n) volume, for some constant c, thus improving upon the previous O(n 3/2) upper bound. 2 1
New Results in Graph Layout
 School of Computer Science, Carleton Univ
, 2003
"... A track layout of a graph consists of a vertex colouring, an edge colouring, and a total order of each vertex colour class such that between each pair of vertex colour classes, there is no monochromatic pair of crossing edges. This paper studies track layouts and their applications to other models o ..."
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Cited by 1 (1 self)
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A track layout of a graph consists of a vertex colouring, an edge colouring, and a total order of each vertex colour class such that between each pair of vertex colour classes, there is no monochromatic pair of crossing edges. This paper studies track layouts and their applications to other models of graph layout. In particular, we improve on the results of Enomoto and Miyauchi [SIAM J. Discrete Math., 1999] regarding stack layouts of subdivisions, and give analogous results for queue layouts. We solve open problems due to Felsner, Wismath, and Liotta [Proc. Graph Drawing, 2001] and Pach, Thiele, and Toth [Proc. Graph Drawing, 1997] concerning threedimensional straightline grid drawings. We initiate the study of threedimensional polyline grid drawings and establish volume bounds within a logarithmic factor of optimal.
The Pagenumber of Genus g Graphs is 0(g)
, 1992
"... In 1979, Bernhart and Kainen conjectured that graphs of fixed genus g> 1 have unbounded pagenumber. In this paper. it is proven that genus g graphs can be embedded in 0(g) pages, thus disproving the conjecture. An 0 ( fi) lower bound is also derwed. The first algorithm in the literature for embeddi ..."
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In 1979, Bernhart and Kainen conjectured that graphs of fixed genus g> 1 have unbounded pagenumber. In this paper. it is proven that genus g graphs can be embedded in 0(g) pages, thus disproving the conjecture. An 0 ( fi) lower bound is also derwed. The first algorithm in the literature for embedding an arbitra ~ graph in a book with a nontrlwal upper bound on the number of pages M presented. First, the algorithm computes the genus g of a graph using the algorithm of Filotti, Miller, Reif ( 1979), which is polynomialtime for fixed genus. Second, it applies an optimaltime algorithm for obtaining an 0 ( g)page book embedding. Separate book embedding algorithms are given for the cases of graphs embedded m orlentable and nonorientable surfaces. An important aspect of the construction is a new decomposition theorem, of independent interest, for a graph embedded on a surface. Book embedding has application in several areas, two of which are directly related to the results obtained: faulttolerant VLSI and complexity theory,
The Graph Crossing Number and its Variants: A Survey
"... The crossing number is a popular tool in graph drawing and visualization, but there is not really just one crossing number; there is a large family of crossing number notions of which the crossing number is the best known. We survey the rich variety of crossing number variants that have been introdu ..."
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The crossing number is a popular tool in graph drawing and visualization, but there is not really just one crossing number; there is a large family of crossing number notions of which the crossing number is the best known. We survey the rich variety of crossing number variants that have been introduced in the literature for purposes that range from studying the theoretical underpinnings of the crossing number to crossing minimization for visualization problems. 1 So, Which Crossing Number is it? The crossing number, cr(G), of a graph G is the smallest number of crossings required in any drawing of G. Or is it? According to a popular introductory textbook on combinatorics [320, page 40] the crossing number of a graph is “the minimum number of pairs of crossing edges in a depiction of G”. So, which one is it? Is there even a difference? To start with the second question, the easy answer is: yes, obviously there is a difference, the difference between counting all crossings and counting pairs of edges that cross. But maybe these different ways of counting don’t make a difference and always come out
Key words and phrases: expander, zigzag, kpage graphs, pushdown graphs
, 2010
"... Abstract: The main purpose of this work is to formally define monotone expanders and motivate their study with (known and new) connections to other graphs and to several computational and pseudorandomness problems. In particular we explain how monotone expanders of constant degree lead to: 1. consta ..."
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Abstract: The main purpose of this work is to formally define monotone expanders and motivate their study with (known and new) connections to other graphs and to several computational and pseudorandomness problems. In particular we explain how monotone expanders of constant degree lead to: 1. constantdegree dimension expanders in finite fields, resolving a question of Barak, Impagliazzo, Shpilka, and Wigderson (2004); 2. O(1)page and O(1)pushdown expanders, resolving a question of Galil, Kannan, and Szemerédi (1986) and leading to tight lower bounds on simulation time for certain Turing Machines. Recently, Bourgain (2009) gave a rather involved construction of such constantdegree monotone expanders. The first application (1) above follows from a reduction due to Dvir and Shpilka (2007). We sketch Bourgain’s construction and describe the reduction. The new contributions of this paper are simple. First, we explain the observation leading to the second application (2) above, and some of its consequences. Second, we observe that