Results 1  10
of
14
Natural computation and nonTuring models of computation
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 2004
"... We propose certain nonTuring models of computation, but our intent is not to advocate models that surpass the power of Turing Machines (TMs), but to defend the need for models with orthogonal notions of power. We review the nature of models and argue that they are relative to a domain of applicatio ..."
Abstract

Cited by 20 (9 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We propose certain nonTuring models of computation, but our intent is not to advocate models that surpass the power of Turing Machines (TMs), but to defend the need for models with orthogonal notions of power. We review the nature of models and argue that they are relative to a domain of application and are illsuited to use outside that domain. Hence we review the presuppositions and context of the TM model and show that it is unsuited to natural computation (computation occurring in or inspired by nature). Therefore we must consider an expanded definition of computation that includes alternative (especially analog) models as well as the TM. Finally we present an alternative model, of continuous computation, more suited to natural computation. We conclude with remarks on the expressivity of formal mathematics. Key words: analog computation, analog computer, biocomputation, computability, computation on reals, continuous computation, formal system, hypercomputation,
Transcending the Limits of Turing Computability
, 1998
"... Hypercomputation or superTuring computation is a “computation ” that transcends the limit imposed by Turing’s model of computability. The field still faces some basic questions, technical (can we mathematically and/or physically build a hypercomputer?), cognitive (can hypercomputers realize the AI ..."
Abstract

Cited by 18 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Hypercomputation or superTuring computation is a “computation ” that transcends the limit imposed by Turing’s model of computability. The field still faces some basic questions, technical (can we mathematically and/or physically build a hypercomputer?), cognitive (can hypercomputers realize the AI dream?), philosophical (is thinking more than computing?). The aim of this paper is to address the question: can we mathematically build a hypercomputer? We will discuss the solutions of the Infinite Merchant Problem, a decision problem equivalent to the Halting Problem, based on results obtained in [9, 2]. The accent will be on the new computational technique and results rather than formal proofs. 1
Grounding Analog Computers
 Think
, 1993
"... Although analog computation was eclipsed by digital computation in the second half of the twentieth century, it is returning as an important alternative computing technology. Indeed, as explained in this report, theoretical results imply that analog computation can escape from the limitations of dig ..."
Abstract

Cited by 18 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Although analog computation was eclipsed by digital computation in the second half of the twentieth century, it is returning as an important alternative computing technology. Indeed, as explained in this report, theoretical results imply that analog computation can escape from the limitations of digital computation. Furthermore, analog computation has emerged as an important theoretical framework for discussing computation in the brain and other natural systems. The report (1) summarizes the fundamentals of analog computing, starting with the continuous state space and the various processes by which analog computation can be organized in time; (2) discusses analog computation in nature, which provides models and inspiration for many contemporary uses of analog computation, such as neural networks; (3) considers generalpurpose analog computing, both from a theoretical perspective and in terms of practical generalpurpose analog computers; (4) discusses the theoretical power of
SuperTuring or NonTuring? Extending the Concept of Computation
"... “Hypercomputation ” is often defined as transcending Turing computation in the sense of computing a larger class of functions than can Turing machines. While this possibility is important and interesting, this paper argues that there are many other important senses in which we may “transcend Turing ..."
Abstract

Cited by 10 (8 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
“Hypercomputation ” is often defined as transcending Turing computation in the sense of computing a larger class of functions than can Turing machines. While this possibility is important and interesting, this paper argues that there are many other important senses in which we may “transcend Turing computation. ” Turing computation, like all models, exists in a frame of relevance, which underlies the assumptions on which it rests and the questions that it is suited to answer. Although appropriate in many circumstances, there are other important applications of the idea of computation for which this model is not relevant. Therefore we should supplement it with new models based on different assumptions and suited to answering different questions. In alternative frames of relevance, including natural computation and nanocomputation, the central issues include realtime response, continuity, indeterminacy, and parallelism. Once we understand computation in a broader sense, we can see new possibilities for using physical processes to achieve computational goals, which will increase in importance as we approach the limits of electronic binary logic. Key words: hypercomputation, ChurchTuring thesis, natural computation, theory of computation, model of computation, Turing computation,
Bodies — both informed and transformed: Embodied computation and information processing
 Information and Computation. World Scientific, Singapore (in
"... PostMoore’s Law computing will require an assimilation between computational processes and their physical realizations, both to achieve greater speeds and densities and to allow computational processes to assemble and control matter at the nanoscale. Therefore, we need to investigate “embodied comp ..."
Abstract

Cited by 4 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
PostMoore’s Law computing will require an assimilation between computational processes and their physical realizations, both to achieve greater speeds and densities and to allow computational processes to assemble and control matter at the nanoscale. Therefore, we need to investigate “embodied computing, ” which addresses the essential interrelationships of information processing and physical processes in the system and its environment in ways that are parallel to those in the theory of embodied cognition. We briefly discuss matters of function and structure, regulation and causation, and the definition of computation. We address both the challenges and opportunities of embodied computation. Analysis is more difficult because physical effects must be included, but information processing may be simplified by dispensing with explicit representations and allowing massively parallel physical processes to process information. Nevertheless, in order to fully exploit embodied computation, we need robust and powerful theoretical tools, but we argue that the theory of ChurchTuring computation is not suitable for the task. 1. PostMoore’s Law Computation Although estimates differ, it is clear that the end of Moore’s Law is in sight; there are physical limits to the density of binary logic devices and to their speed of operation. This will require us to approach computation
Aspects of Embodied Computing Toward a Reunification of the Physical and the Formal
, 2008
"... www.cs.utk.edu/~mclennan/UPIM ..."
(Show Context)
The nature of computing — computing in nature
, 2005
"... My goal in this report is to recontextualize the concept of computation. I review the historical roots of ChurchTuring computation to show that the theory exists in a frame of relevance, which underlies the assumptions on which it rests and the questions it is suited to answer. Although this frame ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
My goal in this report is to recontextualize the concept of computation. I review the historical roots of ChurchTuring computation to show that the theory exists in a frame of relevance, which underlies the assumptions on which it rests and the questions it is suited to answer. Although this frame of relevance is appropriate in many circumstances, there are many important applications of the idea of computation for which it is not relevant. These include natural computation (computation occurring in or inspired by nature), nanocomputation (computation based on nanoscale objects and processes), and computation based on quantum theory. As a consequence we need, not so much to abandon the ChurchTuring model of computation, as to supplement it with new models based on different assumptions and suited to answering different questions. Therefore I will discuss alternative frames of relevance more suited to the interrelated application areas of natural computation, emergent computation, and nanocomputation. Central issues include continuity, indeterminacy, and parallelism. Finally, I will argue that once we understand computation in a broader sense than the ChurchTuring model, we begin to see new possibilities for using natural processes to achieve our computational goals. These possibilities will increase in importance as we approach the limits of electronic binary logic as a basis for computation. They will also help us to understand computational processes in nature. * This report is based on an invited presentation at the workshop “Natural Processes & Models of
NOCCIN.rtf 2006/11/11 10:13 PM The Nature of Computing — Computing in Nature DRAFT
"... www.cs.utk.edu/~mclennan My goal in this presentation is to recontextualize the concept of computation. I will begin by reviewing the historical roots of ChurchTuring computation to remind us that the theory exists in a frame of relevance, which underlies the assumptions on which it rests and the q ..."
Abstract
 Add to MetaCart
www.cs.utk.edu/~mclennan My goal in this presentation is to recontextualize the concept of computation. I will begin by reviewing the historical roots of ChurchTuring computation to remind us that the theory exists in a frame of relevance, which underlies the assumptions on which it rests and the questions it is suited to answer. I will argue that, although this frame of relevance is appropriate in many circumstances, there are many important applications of the idea of computation for which it is not relevant. These include natural computation (computation occurring in or inspired by nature), nanocomputation (computation based on nanoscale objects and processes), and computation based on quantum theory. As a consequence we need, not so much to abandon the ChurchTuring model of computation, as to supplement it with new models based on different assumptions and suited to answering different questions. Therefore I will discuss alternative frames of relevance more suited to the interrelated application areas of natural computation, emergent computation, and nanocomputation. Central issues include continuity, indeterminacy, and parallelism. Finally, I will argue that once we understand computation in a broader sense than the ChurchTuring model, we begin to see new possibilities for using natural processes to achieve our computational goals. These possibilities will increase in importance as we approach the limits of electronic binary logic as a basis for computation. They will also help us to understand the computational processes in the heart of nature. I.
NonClassical Hypercomputation
, 2007
"... Hypercomputation that seeks to solve the Halting Problem, or to compute Turinguncomputable numbers, might be called “classical” hypercomputation, as it moves beyond the classical Turing computational paradigm. There are further computational paradigms that we might seek to move beyond, forming the ..."
Abstract
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Hypercomputation that seeks to solve the Halting Problem, or to compute Turinguncomputable numbers, might be called “classical” hypercomputation, as it moves beyond the classical Turing computational paradigm. There are further computational paradigms that we might seek to move beyond, forming the basis for a wider “nonclassical ” hypercomputation. This paper surveys those paradigms, and poses various nonclassical hypercomputation questions. 1
A DEFENCE OF PRECRITICAL POSTHUMANISM
"... www.enemyindustry.net Mankind's a dead issue now, cousin. There are no more souls. Only states of mind.1 Since emerging in nineties critical theory, transhumanism and cyberpunk literature, the term 'posthuman ' has been used to mark a historical juncture at which the status of the hum ..."
Abstract
 Add to MetaCart
www.enemyindustry.net Mankind's a dead issue now, cousin. There are no more souls. Only states of mind.1 Since emerging in nineties critical theory, transhumanism and cyberpunk literature, the term 'posthuman ' has been used to mark a historical juncture at which the status of the human is radically in doubt. Two main patterns of usage or, if you will, two distinct posthumanisms can be discerned over this period. Transhumanists, futurists and science fiction authors regularly concatenate or hyphenate 'post ' and 'human ' when speculating about the longrun influence of advanced technologies on the future shape of life and mind. By contrast, for cultural theorists and philosophers in the 'continental ' tradition the posthuman is a condition in which the foundational status of humanism has been undermined. The causes or symptoms of this supposed crisis of humanism are various as the bioengineered 'clades ' ramifying through the posthuman solar system of Bruce Sterling's 1996 novel Schismatrix. Posthumanism in the diagnostic or critical sense is expressed in the postmodern incredulity towards enlightenment narratives of emancipation and material progress; the deconstruction of transcendental or liberal subjectivities; the end of patriarchy; the emergence of contrary humanisms in post