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Cutelimination for a logic with definitions and induction
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1997
"... In order to reason about specifications of computations that are given via the proof search or logic programming paradigm one needs to have at least some forms of induction and some principle for reasoning about the ways in which terms are built and the ways in which computations can progress. The l ..."
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Cited by 72 (22 self)
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In order to reason about specifications of computations that are given via the proof search or logic programming paradigm one needs to have at least some forms of induction and some principle for reasoning about the ways in which terms are built and the ways in which computations can progress. The literature contains many approaches to formally adding these reasoning principles with logic specifications. We choose an approach based on the sequent calculus and design an intuitionistic logic F Oλ ∆IN that includes natural number induction and a notion of definition. We have detailed elsewhere that this logic has a number of applications. In this paper we prove the cutelimination theorem for F Oλ ∆IN, adapting a technique due to Tait and MartinLöf. This cutelimination proof is technically interesting and significantly extends previous results of this kind. 1
The Bedwyr system for model checking over syntactic expressions
 21th Conference on Automated Deduction, LNAI 4603, 391–397
, 2007
"... Bedwyr is a generalization of logic programming that allows model checking directly on syntactic expressions possibly containing bindings. This system, written in OCaml, is a direct implementation of two recent advances in the theory of proof search. The first is centered on the fact that both finit ..."
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Cited by 28 (17 self)
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Bedwyr is a generalization of logic programming that allows model checking directly on syntactic expressions possibly containing bindings. This system, written in OCaml, is a direct implementation of two recent advances in the theory of proof search. The first is centered on the fact that both finite success and finite failure can be captured in the sequent calculus by incorporating inference rules for definitions that allow fixed points to be explored. As a result, proof search in such a sequent calculus can capture simple model checking problems as well as may and must behavior in operational semantics. The second is that higherorder abstract syntax is directly supported using termlevel λbinders and the quantifier known as ∇. These features allow reasoning directly on expressions containing bound variables. 2
A congruence format for namepassing calculi
 In Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Structural Operational Semantics (SOS’05), volume 156 of Electron. Notes Theor. Comput. Sci
, 2005
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Incorporating tables into proofs
"... nigam at lix.inria.fr dale.miller at inria.fr Abstract. We consider the problem of automating and checking the use of previously proved lemmas in the proof of some main theorem. In particular, we call the collection of such previously proved results a table and use a partial order on the table’s ent ..."
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nigam at lix.inria.fr dale.miller at inria.fr Abstract. We consider the problem of automating and checking the use of previously proved lemmas in the proof of some main theorem. In particular, we call the collection of such previously proved results a table and use a partial order on the table’s entries to denote the (provability) dependency relationship between tabled items. Tables can be used in automated deduction to store previously proved subgoals and in interactive theorem proving to store a sequence of lemmas introduced by a user to direct the proof system towards some final theorem. Tables of literals can be incorporated into sequent calculus proofs using two ideas. First, cuts are used to incorporate tabled items into a proof: one premise of the cut requires a proof of the lemma and the other branch of the cut inserts the lemma into the set of assumptions. Second, to ensure that lemma is not reproved, we exploit the fact that in focused proofs, atoms can have different polarity. Using these ideas, simple logic engines that do focused proof search (such as logic programming interpreters) are able to check proofs for correctness with guarantees that previous work is not redone. We also discuss how a table can be seen as a proof object and discuss some possible uses of tablesasproofs. 1
A Logic for Reasoning with HigherOrder Abstract Syntax
"... Logical frameworks based on intuitionistic or linear logics with highertype quantification have been successfully used to give highlevel, modular, and formal specifications of many important judgments in the area of programming languages and inference systems. Given such specifications, it is natu ..."
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Cited by 12 (3 self)
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Logical frameworks based on intuitionistic or linear logics with highertype quantification have been successfully used to give highlevel, modular, and formal specifications of many important judgments in the area of programming languages and inference systems. Given such specifications, it is natural to consider proving properties about the specified systems in the framework: for example, given the specification of evaluation for a functional programming language, prove that the language is deterministic or that the subjectreduction theorem holds. One challenge in developing a framework for such reasoning is that higherorder abstract syntax (HOAS), an elegant and declarative treatment of objectlevel abstraction and substitution,is difficult to treat in proofs involving induction. In this paper, we present a metalogic that can be used to reason about judgments coded using HOAS; this metalogic is an extension of a simple intuitionistic logic that admits higherorder quantification over simply typedterms (key ingredients for HOAS) as well as induction and a notion of definition. The latter concept of a definition is a prooftheoretic device that allows certain theories to be treated as “closed ” or as defining fixed points. The resulting metalogic can specify various logical frameworks and a large range of judgments regarding programming languages and inference systems. We illustrate this point through examples, including the admissibility of cut for a simple logic and subject reduction, determinacy of evaluation, and the equivalence of SOS and natural semantics presentations of evaluation for a simple functional programming language. 1.
An Overview of Linear Logic Programming
 in Computational Logic
, 1985
"... Logic programming can be given a foundation in sequent calculus by viewing computation as the process of building a cutfree sequent proof bottomup. The first accounts of logic programming as proof search were given in classical and intuitionistic logic. Given that linear logic allows richer sequen ..."
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Cited by 11 (1 self)
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Logic programming can be given a foundation in sequent calculus by viewing computation as the process of building a cutfree sequent proof bottomup. The first accounts of logic programming as proof search were given in classical and intuitionistic logic. Given that linear logic allows richer sequents and richer dynamics in the rewriting of sequents during proof search, it was inevitable that linear logic would be used to design new and more expressive logic programming languages. We overview how linear logic has been used to design such new languages and describe briefly some applications and implementation issues for them.
A Survey of Linear Logic Programming
 Computational Logic
, 1995
"... Abstract. Logic programming can be given a foundation in sequent calculus, viewing computation as the process of building a cutfree sequent proof from the bottomup. Earliest accounts of logic programming were based in classical logic and then later in intuitionistic logic. The use of linear logic ..."
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Abstract. Logic programming can be given a foundation in sequent calculus, viewing computation as the process of building a cutfree sequent proof from the bottomup. Earliest accounts of logic programming were based in classical logic and then later in intuitionistic logic. The use of linear logic to design new logic programming languages was inevitable given that it allows for more dynamics in the way sequents change during the search for a proof and since it can account for logic programming in these other logics. We overview how linear logic has been used to design new logic programming languages and describe some applications and implementation issues for such languages. §1. Introduction. It is now common place to recognize the important role of logic in the foundations of computer science in general and programming languages more specifically. For this reason, when a major new advance is made in our understanding of logic, we can expect to see that advance ripple into other areas of computer science. Such rippling has been observed during the years
A Linear Logic Specification for Chimera
, 1997
"... . Forum [36], a powerful logic formalism based on Higher Order Linear Logic, is particularly suited to specify and reason about complex programs and systems. Ehhf [12], a subset of Forum, models many interesting logic programming extensions towards O.O. and concurrent systems and can be viewed as ..."
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Cited by 3 (3 self)
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. Forum [36], a powerful logic formalism based on Higher Order Linear Logic, is particularly suited to specify and reason about complex programs and systems. Ehhf [12], a subset of Forum, models many interesting logic programming extensions towards O.O. and concurrent systems and can be viewed as a very high level logic programming specification language. The paper presents some results in this direction, namely the specification in Ehhf of Chimera, an Active, ObjectOriented and Deductive Database System. Keywords: Linear Logic, ObjectOriented and Deductive Databases. 1 Introduction Proof theory and automated deduction have provided relevant contributions to computer science, in particular in the fields of highlevel programming languages and formal verification of software. Many different logics have been proposed and used for these purposes. We will work with Linear logic [22] with the aim to use it as a theoretical foundation for modern and powerful specification language...
Encoding Generic Judgments
 In Proceedings of FSTTCS. Number 2556 in LNCS
, 2002
"... The operational semantics of a computation system is often presented as inference rules or, equivalently, as logical theories. Specifications can be made more declarative and highlevel if syntactic details concerning bound variables and substitutions are encoded directly into the logic using te ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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The operational semantics of a computation system is often presented as inference rules or, equivalently, as logical theories. Specifications can be made more declarative and highlevel if syntactic details concerning bound variables and substitutions are encoded directly into the logic using termlevel abstractions (#abstraction) and prooflevel abstractions (eigenvariables). When one wishes to reason about relations defined using termlevel abstractions, generic judgment are generally required.