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Batalin–Vilkovisky algebras and twodimensional topological field theories
 265–285. AND ALGEBRAS 231
, 1994
"... Abstract: By a BatalinVilkovisky algebra, we mean a graded commutative algebra A, together with an operator A: A.+ A. such that A +1 2 = 0, and \_A,d \ — Aa is a graded derivation of A for all a e A. In this article, we show that there is a natural structure of a BatalinVilkovisky algebra on the ..."
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Cited by 123 (4 self)
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Abstract: By a BatalinVilkovisky algebra, we mean a graded commutative algebra A, together with an operator A: A.+ A. such that A +1 2 = 0, and \_A,d \ — Aa is a graded derivation of A for all a e A. In this article, we show that there is a natural structure of a BatalinVilkovisky algebra on the cohomology of a topological conformal field theory in two dimensions. We make use of a technique from algebraic topology: the theory of operads. BatalinVilkovisky algebras are a new type of algebraic structure on graded vector spaces, which first arose in the work of Batalin and Vilkovisky on gauge fixing in quantum field theory: a BatalinVilkovisky algebra is a differential graded commutative algebra together with an operator A: A.+A such that A m+ί 2 = 0, and Δ{abc) = A(ab)c + ( V)^aA{bc) + ( l) (α ίm
Simulation of topological field theories by quantum computers
 Comm.Math.Phys.227
"... Abstract: Quantum computers will work by evolving a high tensor power of a small (e.g. two) dimensional Hilbert space by local gates, which can be implemented by applying a local Hamiltonian H for a time t. In contrast to this quantum engineering, the most abstract reaches of theoretical physics has ..."
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Cited by 80 (12 self)
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Abstract: Quantum computers will work by evolving a high tensor power of a small (e.g. two) dimensional Hilbert space by local gates, which can be implemented by applying a local Hamiltonian H for a time t. In contrast to this quantum engineering, the most abstract reaches of theoretical physics has spawned “topological models ” having a finite dimensional internal state space with no natural tensor product structure and in which the evolution of the state is discrete, H ≡ 0. These are called topological quantum field theories (TQFTs). These exotic physical systems are proved to be efficiently simulated on a quantum computer. The conclusion is twofold: 1. TQFTs cannot be used to define a model of computation stronger than the usual quantum model “BQP”. 2. TQFTs provide a radically different way of looking at quantum computation. The rich mathematical structure of TQFTs might suggest a new quantum algorithm. 1.
Linking Topological Quantum Field Theory and Nonperturbative Quantum Gravity
, 1995
"... smolin@phys.psu.edu y permanent address I. Introduction In the last years significant progress has been made towards the construction of a quantum theory of gravity in several different directions. Three of these directions, in particular, have involved the use of new ideas and mathematical stru ..."
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Cited by 52 (25 self)
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smolin@phys.psu.edu y permanent address I. Introduction In the last years significant progress has been made towards the construction of a quantum theory of gravity in several different directions. Three of these directions, in particular, have involved the use of new ideas and mathematical structures that seem, in different ways, well suited to the problem of describing the geometry of spacetime quantum mechanically. These are string theory[1], topological quantum field theory[2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7], and nonperturbative quantum gravity, based on the loop representation [8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14]. Furthermore, despite genuine differences, there are a number of concepts shared by these approaches, which suggests the possibility of a deeper relation between them[15, 54]. These include the common use of one dimensional rather than pointlike excitations, as well as the appearance of structures associated with knot theory, spin networks and duality. There are also senses in which each deve...
On Operad Structures of Moduli Spaces and String Theory
, 1994
"... We construct a real compactification of the moduli space of punctured rational algebraic curves and show how its geometry yields operads governing homotopy Lie algebras, gravity algebras and BatalinVilkovisky algebras. These algebras appeared recently in the context of string theory, and we give a ..."
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Cited by 49 (13 self)
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We construct a real compactification of the moduli space of punctured rational algebraic curves and show how its geometry yields operads governing homotopy Lie algebras, gravity algebras and BatalinVilkovisky algebras. These algebras appeared recently in the context of string theory, and we give a simple deduction of these algebraic structures from the formal axioms of conformal field theory and string theory.
Computation Of Superpotentials For Dbranes
, 2004
"... We present a general method for the computation of treelevel superpotentials for the worldvolume theory of Btype Dbranes. This includes quiver gauge theories in the case that the Dbrane is marginally stable. The technique involves analyzing the A∞structure inherent in the derived category of co ..."
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Cited by 38 (2 self)
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We present a general method for the computation of treelevel superpotentials for the worldvolume theory of Btype Dbranes. This includes quiver gauge theories in the case that the Dbrane is marginally stable. The technique involves analyzing the A∞structure inherent in the derived category of coherent sheaves. This effectively gives a practical method of computing correlation functions in holomorphic Chern–Simons theory. As an example, we give a more rigorous proof of previous results concerning
Nuclear and Trace Ideals in Tensored *Categories
, 1998
"... We generalize the notion of nuclear maps from functional analysis by defining nuclear ideals in tensored categories. The motivation for this study came from attempts to generalize the structure of the category of relations to handle what might be called "probabilistic relations". The compact closed ..."
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Cited by 28 (10 self)
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We generalize the notion of nuclear maps from functional analysis by defining nuclear ideals in tensored categories. The motivation for this study came from attempts to generalize the structure of the category of relations to handle what might be called "probabilistic relations". The compact closed structure associated with the category of relations does not generalize directly, instead one obtains nuclear ideals. Most tensored categories have a large class of morphisms which behave as if they were part of a compact closed category, i.e. they allow one to transfer variables between the domain and the codomain. We introduce the notion of nuclear ideals to analyze these classes of morphisms. In compact closed tensored categories, all morphisms are nuclear, and in the tensored category of Hilbert spaces, the nuclear morphisms are the HilbertSchmidt maps. We also introduce two new examples of tensored categories, in which integration plays the role of composition. In the first, mor...
Asymptotic faithfulness of the quantum SU(n) representations of the mapping class groups in the singular case
 In preparation
"... Abstract. We prove that the sequence of projective quantum SU(n) representations of the mapping class group of a closed oriented surface, obtained from the projective flat SU(n)Verlinde bundles over Teichmüller space, is asymptotically faithful, that is the intersection over all levels of the kerne ..."
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Cited by 23 (7 self)
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Abstract. We prove that the sequence of projective quantum SU(n) representations of the mapping class group of a closed oriented surface, obtained from the projective flat SU(n)Verlinde bundles over Teichmüller space, is asymptotically faithful, that is the intersection over all levels of the kernels of these representations is trivial, whenever the genus is at least 3. For the genus 2 case, this intersection is exactly the order two subgroup, generated by the hyperelliptic involution, in the case of even degree and n = 2. Otherwise the intersection is also trivial in the genus 2 case. 1.
The Bekenstein bound, topological quantum field theory and pluralistic quantum cosmology
"... this paper a new approach to the problem of constructing a quantum theory of gravity in the cosmological context is proposed. It is founded on results from four separate directions of investigation, which are: 1) A new point of view towards the interpretation problem in quantum cosmology[1, 2, 3, 4] ..."
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Cited by 19 (12 self)
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this paper a new approach to the problem of constructing a quantum theory of gravity in the cosmological context is proposed. It is founded on results from four separate directions of investigation, which are: 1) A new point of view towards the interpretation problem in quantum cosmology[1, 2, 3, 4], which rejects the idea that a single quantum state, or a single Hilbert space, can provide a complete description of a closed system like the universe. Instead, the idea is to accept Bohr's original proposal that the quantum state requires for its interpretation a context in which we distinguish two subsystems of the universethe quantum system and observer. However, we seek to relativize this split, so that the boundary between the part of the universe that is considered the system and that which might be considered the observer may be chosen arbitrarily. The idea is then that a quantum theory of cosmology is specified by giving an assignment of a Hilbert space and algebra of observables to every possible boundary that can be considered to split the universe into two such subsystems. A quantum state of the universe is then an assignment of a statistical state to every one of these Hilbert spaces, subject to certain conditions of consistency. Each of these states is interpreted to contain the information that an observer on one side of each boundary might have about the system of the other side. This formulation then accepts the idea that each observer can only have incomplete information about the universe, so that the most complete description possible of the universe is given by the whole collection of incomplete, but mutually compatible quantum state descriptions of all the possible observers. At the same time, the information of different observers is, to some extent, ...