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237
A Hierarchy of Probabilistic System Types
, 2003
"... We study various notions of probabilistic bisimulation from a coalgebraic point of view, accumulating in a hierarchy of probabilistic system types. In general, a natural transformation between two Setfunctors straightforwardly gives rise to a transformation of coalgebras for the respective functors ..."
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Cited by 37 (6 self)
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We study various notions of probabilistic bisimulation from a coalgebraic point of view, accumulating in a hierarchy of probabilistic system types. In general, a natural transformation between two Setfunctors straightforwardly gives rise to a transformation of coalgebras for the respective functors. This latter transformation preserves homomorphisms and thus bisimulations. For comparison of probabilistic system types we also need reflection of bisimulation. We build the hierarchy of probabilistic systems by exploiting the new result that the transformation also reflects bisimulation in case the natural transformation is componentwise injective and the first functor preserves weak pullbacks. Additionally, we illustrate the correspondence of concrete and coalgebraic bisimulation in the case of general Segalatype systems.
Reasoning about Classes in ObjectOriented Languages: Logical Models and Tools
, 1998
"... A formal language ccsl is introduced for describing specifications of classes in objectoriented languages. We show how class specifications in ccsl can be translated into higher order logic. This allows us to reason about these specifications. In particular, it allows us (1) to describe (various) i ..."
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Cited by 35 (15 self)
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A formal language ccsl is introduced for describing specifications of classes in objectoriented languages. We show how class specifications in ccsl can be translated into higher order logic. This allows us to reason about these specifications. In particular, it allows us (1) to describe (various) implementations of a particular class specification, (2) to develop the logical theory of a specific class specification, and (3) to establish refinements between two class specifications. We use the (dependently typed) higher order logic of the proofassistant pvs, so that we have extensive tool support for reasoning about class specifications. Moreover, we describe our own frontend tool to pvs, which generates from ccsl class specifications appropriate pvs theories and proofs of some elementary results.
Observer Complete Definitions are Behaviourally Coherent
 OBJ/CAFEOBJ/MAUDE AT FORMAL METHODS '99
, 1999
"... We consider observational specifications of statebased systems which incorporate the declaration of a distinguished set of observer operations. These observers determine an indistinguishability relation for states which is called "observational equality". An important requirement for ..."
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Cited by 34 (6 self)
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We consider observational specifications of statebased systems which incorporate the declaration of a distinguished set of observer operations. These observers determine an indistinguishability relation for states which is called "observational equality". An important requirement for the nonobserver operations is the compatibility with the observational equality. In the CafeOBJ language (and in extended hidden algebra) this property is called "behavioural coherence". In this presentation we introduce the notion of an "observer complete definition" and we show that any (nonobserver) operation which is defined using this pattern is behaviourally coherent. We also discuss some consequences of this result for relating observational logic and extended hidden algebra semantics and for proving the correctness of observational implementations.
Semantics of Programming Languages: A ToolOriented Approach
 ACM SIGPLAN Notices
, 1999
"... By paying more attention to semanticsbased tool generation, programming language semantics can significantly increase its impact. Ultimately, this may lead to "Language Design Assistants" incorporating substantial amounts of semantic knowledge. 1991 ACM Computing Classification System: ..."
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Cited by 33 (5 self)
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By paying more attention to semanticsbased tool generation, programming language semantics can significantly increase its impact. Ultimately, this may lead to "Language Design Assistants" incorporating substantial amounts of semantic knowledge. 1991 ACM Computing Classification System: D.2.2, D.3.1, D.3.4, F.3.2 Keywords and Phrases: semantics of programming languages, tool generation, language development system, language design assistant, domainspecific language, compiler toolkit, software renovation tool Note: Submitted to ACM SIGPLAN Notices. This research was supported in part by the Telematica Instituut under the DomainSpecific Languages project. 1 The Role of Programming Language Semantics Programming language semantics has lost touch with large groups of potential users [39]. Among the reasons for this unfortunate state of a#airs, one stands out. Semantic results are rarely incorporated in practical systems that would help language designers to implement and test a ...
The Temporal Logic of Coalgebras via Galois Algebras
, 1999
"... This paper introduces a temporal logic for coalgebras. Nexttime and lasttime operators are dened for a coalgebra, acting on predicates on the state space. They give rise to what is called a Galois algebra. Galois algebras form models of temporal logics like Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) and Computatio ..."
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Cited by 33 (7 self)
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This paper introduces a temporal logic for coalgebras. Nexttime and lasttime operators are dened for a coalgebra, acting on predicates on the state space. They give rise to what is called a Galois algebra. Galois algebras form models of temporal logics like Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) and Computation Tree Logic (CTL). The mapping from coalgebras to Galois algebras turns out to be functorial, yielding indexed categorical structures. This gives many examples, for coalgebras of polynomial functors on sets. Additionally, it will be shown how \fuzzy" predicates on metric spaces, and predicates on presheaves, yield indexed Galois algebras, in basically the same coalgebraic manner. Keywords: Temporal logic, coalgebra, Galois connection, fuzzy predicate, presheaf Classication: 68Q60, 03G05, 03G25, 03G30 (AMS'91); D.2.4, F.3.1, F.4.1 (CR'98). 1 Introduction This paper combines the areas of coalgebra and of temporal logic. Coalgebras are simple mathematical structures (similar, but dual, to...
Elements Of The General Theory Of Coalgebras
, 1999
"... . Data Structures arising in programming are conveniently modeled by universal algebras. State based and object oriented systems may be described in the same way, but this requires that the state is explicitly modeled as a sort. From the viewpoint of the programmer, however, it is usually intend ..."
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Cited by 30 (7 self)
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. Data Structures arising in programming are conveniently modeled by universal algebras. State based and object oriented systems may be described in the same way, but this requires that the state is explicitly modeled as a sort. From the viewpoint of the programmer, however, it is usually intended that the state should be "hidden" with only certain features accessible through attributes and methods. States should become equal, if no external observation may distinguish them. It has recently been discovered that state based systems such as transition systems, automata, lazy data structures and objects give rise to structures dual to universal algebra, which are called coalgebras. Equality is replaced by indistinguishability and coinduction replaces induction as proof principle. However, as it turns out, one has to look at universal algebra from a more general perspective (using elementary category theoretic notions) before the dual concept is able to capture the relevant ...
Semantical Principles in the Modal Logic of Coalgebraic
"... Coalgebras for a functor on the category of sets subsume many formulations of the notion of transition system, including labelled transition systems, Kripke models, Kripke frames and many types of automata. This paper presents a multimodal language which is bisimulation invariant and (under a natur ..."
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Cited by 30 (7 self)
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Coalgebras for a functor on the category of sets subsume many formulations of the notion of transition system, including labelled transition systems, Kripke models, Kripke frames and many types of automata. This paper presents a multimodal language which is bisimulation invariant and (under a natural completeness condition) expressive enough to characterise elements of the underlying state space up to bisimulation. Like Moss' coalgebraic logic, the theory can be applied to an arbitrary signature functor on the category of sets. Also, an upper bound for the size of conjunctions and disjunctions needed to obtain characteristic formulas is given.
General recursion via coinductive types
 Logical Methods in Computer Science
"... Vol. 1 (2:1) 2005, pp. 1–28 ..."
Hidden Congruent Deduction
 Automated Deduction in Classical and NonClassical Logics
, 1998
"... This paper presents some techniques of this kind in the area called hidden algebra, clustered around the central notion of coinduction. We believe hidden algebra is the natural next step in the evolution of algebraic semantics and its first order proof technology. Hidden algebra originated in [7], a ..."
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Cited by 27 (18 self)
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This paper presents some techniques of this kind in the area called hidden algebra, clustered around the central notion of coinduction. We believe hidden algebra is the natural next step in the evolution of algebraic semantics and its first order proof technology. Hidden algebra originated in [7], and was developed further in [8, 10, 3, 12, 5] among other places; the most comprehensive survey currently available is [12]
Probabilistic Automata: System Types, Parallel Composition and Comparison
 In Validation of Stochastic Systems: A Guide to Current Research
, 2004
"... We survey various notions of probabilistic automata and probabilistic bisimulation, accumulating in an expressiveness hierarchy of probabilistic system types. The aim of this paper is twofold: On the one hand it provides an overview of existing types of probabilistic systems and, on the other ha ..."
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Cited by 26 (5 self)
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We survey various notions of probabilistic automata and probabilistic bisimulation, accumulating in an expressiveness hierarchy of probabilistic system types. The aim of this paper is twofold: On the one hand it provides an overview of existing types of probabilistic systems and, on the other hand, it explains the relationship between these models.