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Complexity and Algorithms for Reasoning About Time: A GraphTheoretic Approach
, 1992
"... Temporal events are regarded here as intervals on a time line. This paper deals with problems in reasoning about such intervals when the precise topological relationship between them is unknown or only partially specified. This work unifies notions of interval algebras in artificial intelligence ..."
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Cited by 86 (11 self)
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Temporal events are regarded here as intervals on a time line. This paper deals with problems in reasoning about such intervals when the precise topological relationship between them is unknown or only partially specified. This work unifies notions of interval algebras in artificial intelligence with those of interval orders and interval graphs in combinatorics. The satisfiability, minimal labeling, all solutions and all realizations problems are considered for temporal (interval) data. Several versions are investigated by restricting the possible interval relationships yielding different complexity results. We show that even when the temporal data comprises of subsets of relations based on intersection and precedence only, the satisfiability question is NPcomplete. On the positive side, we give efficient algorithms for several restrictions of the problem. In the process, the interval graph sandwich problem is introduced, and is shown to be NPcomplete. This problem is als...
Reasoning About Temporal Relations: The Tractable Subalgebras Of Allen's Interval Algebra
 Journal of the ACM
, 2001
"... Allen's interval algebra is one of the best established formalisms for temporal reasoning. This paper is the final step in the classification of complexity in Allen's algebra. We show that the current knowledge about tractability in the interval algebra is complete, that is, this algebra contains ex ..."
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Cited by 30 (2 self)
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Allen's interval algebra is one of the best established formalisms for temporal reasoning. This paper is the final step in the classification of complexity in Allen's algebra. We show that the current knowledge about tractability in the interval algebra is complete, that is, this algebra contains exactly eighteen maximal tractable subalgebras, and reasoning in any fragment not entirely contained in one of these subalgebras is NPcomplete. We obtain this result by giving a new uniform description of the known maximal tractable subalgebras and then systematically using an algebraic technique for identifying maximal subalgebras with a given property.
Satisfiability Problems on Intervals and Unit Intervals
 Theoretical Computer Science
, 1997
"... For an interval graph with some additional order constraints between pairs of nonintersecting intervals, we give a linear time algorithm to determine if there exists a realization which respects the order constraints. Previous algorithms for this problem (known also as seriation with side constrain ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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For an interval graph with some additional order constraints between pairs of nonintersecting intervals, we give a linear time algorithm to determine if there exists a realization which respects the order constraints. Previous algorithms for this problem (known also as seriation with side constraints) required quadratic time. This problem contains as subproblems interval graph and interval order recognition. On the other hand, it is a special case of the interval satisfiability problem, which is concerned with the realizability of a set of intervals along a line, subject to precedence and intersection constraints. We study such problems for all possible restrictions on the types of constraints, when all intervals must have the same length. We give efficient algorithms for several restrictions of the problem, and show the NPcompleteness of another restriction. 1 Introduction Two intervals x; y on the real line may either intersect or one of them is completely to the left of the othe...
Interval Graphs with Side Constraints
, 1995
"... We study problems of determining whether a given interval graph has a realization which satisfies additional given constraints. Such problems occur frequently in applications where entities are modeled as intervals along a line (events along a time line, DNA segments along a chromosome, etc.). When ..."
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We study problems of determining whether a given interval graph has a realization which satisfies additional given constraints. Such problems occur frequently in applications where entities are modeled as intervals along a line (events along a time line, DNA segments along a chromosome, etc.). When the additional information is order constraints on pairs of disjoint intervals, we give a linear time algorithm. Extant algorithms for this problem (known also as seriation with side constraints) required quadratic time. This problem contains as subproblems interval graph and interval order recognition. When the constraints are bounds on distances between endpoints, and the graph admits a unique clique order, we show that the problem is polynomial. The special case of this problem where the constraints are bounds on interval length is shown to be linearly equivalent to deciding if a system of difference inequalities is feasible. However, we show that even when the lengths of all intervals ar...
On matrices that do not . . .
, 2009
"... A binary matrix has the consecutive ones property if its columns can be ordered in such a way that, in each row, all 1s are consecutive. This classical combinatorial notion has been central in genomic problems such as physical mapping or paleogenomics. In these fields, genomes that cannot be sequenc ..."
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A binary matrix has the consecutive ones property if its columns can be ordered in such a way that, in each row, all 1s are consecutive. This classical combinatorial notion has been central in genomic problems such as physical mapping or paleogenomics. In these fields, genomes that cannot be sequenced are represented by a matrix that has the consecutive ones property, but are inferred from an initial matrix that does not have this property due to errors. In this work, we study combinatorial and algorithmic characterizations of matrices that do not have the consecutive ones property. We review existing results and propose new results centered around the notion of minimal conflicting sets.