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Isar  a Generic Interpretative Approach to Readable Formal Proof Documents
, 1999
"... We present a generic approach to readable formal proof documents, called Intelligible semiautomated reasoning (Isar). It addresses the major problem of existing interactive theorem proving systems that there is no appropriate notion of proof available that is suitable for human communication, or ..."
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Cited by 81 (16 self)
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We present a generic approach to readable formal proof documents, called Intelligible semiautomated reasoning (Isar). It addresses the major problem of existing interactive theorem proving systems that there is no appropriate notion of proof available that is suitable for human communication, or even just maintenance. Isar's main aspect is its formal language for natural deduction proofs, which sets out to bridge the semantic gap between internal notions of proof given by stateoftheart interactive theorem proving systems and an appropriate level of abstraction for userlevel work. The Isar language is both human readable and machinecheckable, by virtue of the Isar/VM interpreter. Compared to existing declarative theorem proving systems, Isar avoids several shortcomings: it is based on a few basic principles only, it is quite independent of the underlying logic, and supports a broad range of automated proof methods. Interactive proof development is supported as well...
Isabelle/Isar  a generic framework for humanreadable proof documents
 UNIVERSITY OF BIA̷LYSTOK
, 2007
"... ..."
Calculational Reasoning Revisited  An Isabelle/Isar experience
 THEOREM PROVING IN HIGHER ORDER LOGICS: TPHOLS 2001
, 2001
"... We discuss the general concept of calculational reasoning within Isabelle/Isar, which provides a framework for highlevel natural deduction proofs that may be written in a humanreadable fashion. Setting out from a few basic logical concepts of the underlying metalogical framework of Isabelle, such ..."
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Cited by 13 (5 self)
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We discuss the general concept of calculational reasoning within Isabelle/Isar, which provides a framework for highlevel natural deduction proofs that may be written in a humanreadable fashion. Setting out from a few basic logical concepts of the underlying metalogical framework of Isabelle, such as higherorder unification and resolution, calculational commands are added to the basic Isar proof language in a flexible and nonintrusive manner. Thus calculational proof style may be combined with the remaining natural deduction proof language in a liberal manner, resulting in many useful proof patterns. A casestudy on formalizing Computational Tree Logic (CTL) in simplytyped settheory demonstrates common calculational idioms in practice.
A Comparison of the Mathematical Proof Languages Mizar and Isar
 Journal of Automated Reasoning
, 2002
"... The mathematical proof checker Mizar by Andrzej Trybulec uses a proof input language that is much more readable than the input languages of most other proof assistants. This system also di#ers in many other respects from most current systems. John Harrison has shown that one can have a Mizar mode on ..."
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Cited by 9 (3 self)
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The mathematical proof checker Mizar by Andrzej Trybulec uses a proof input language that is much more readable than the input languages of most other proof assistants. This system also di#ers in many other respects from most current systems. John Harrison has shown that one can have a Mizar mode on top of a tactical prover, allowing one to combine a mathematical proof language with other styles of proof checking. Currently the only fully developed Mizar mode in this style is the Isar proof language for the Isabelle theorem prover. In fact the Isar language has become the o#cial input language to the Isabelle system, even though many users still use its lowlevel tactical part only.
A Comparison of Mizar and Isar
 J. Automated Reasoning
, 2002
"... Abstract. The mathematical proof checker Mizar by Andrzej Trybulec uses a proof input language that is much more readable than the input languages of most other proof assistants. This system also differs in many other respects from most current systems. John Harrison has shown that one can have a Mi ..."
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Cited by 8 (0 self)
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Abstract. The mathematical proof checker Mizar by Andrzej Trybulec uses a proof input language that is much more readable than the input languages of most other proof assistants. This system also differs in many other respects from most current systems. John Harrison has shown that one can have a Mizar mode on top of a tactical prover, allowing one to combine a mathematical proof language with other styles of proof checking. Currently the only fully developed Mizar mode in this style is the Isar proof language for the Isabelle theorem prover. In fact the Isar language has become the official input language to the Isabelle system, even though many users still use its lowlevel tactical part only. In this paper we compare Mizar and Isar. A small example, Euclid’s proof of the existence of infinitely many primes, is shown in both systems. We also include slightly higherlevel views of formal proof sketches. Moreover a list of differences between Mizar and Isar is presented, highlighting the strengths of both systems from the perspective of endusers. Finally, we point out some key differences of the
ComputerAssisted Mathematics at Work  The HahnBanach Theorem in Isabelle/Isar
 TYPES FOR PROOFS AND PROGRAMS: TYPES’99, LNCS
, 2000
"... We present a complete formalization of the HahnBanach theorem in the simplytyped settheory of Isabelle/HOL, such that both the modeling of the underlying mathematical notions and the full proofs are intelligible to human readers. This is achieved by means of the Isar environment, which provides ..."
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Cited by 7 (4 self)
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We present a complete formalization of the HahnBanach theorem in the simplytyped settheory of Isabelle/HOL, such that both the modeling of the underlying mathematical notions and the full proofs are intelligible to human readers. This is achieved by means of the Isar environment, which provides a framework for highlevel reasoning based on natural deduction. The final result is presented as a readable formal proof document, following usual presentations in mathematical textbooks quite closely. Our case study demonstrates that Isabelle/Isar is capable to support this kind of application of formal logic very well, while being open for an even larger scope.
Structured induction proofs in Isabelle/Isar
 MATHEMATICAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT (MKM 2006), LNAI
, 2006
"... Isabelle/Isar is a generic framework for humanreadable formal proof documents, based on higherorder natural deduction. The Isar proof language provides general principles that may be instantiated to particular objectlogics and applications. We discuss specific Isar language elements that support ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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Isabelle/Isar is a generic framework for humanreadable formal proof documents, based on higherorder natural deduction. The Isar proof language provides general principles that may be instantiated to particular objectlogics and applications. We discuss specific Isar language elements that support complex induction patterns of practical importance. Despite the additional bookkeeping required for induction with local facts and parameters, definitions, simultaneous goals and multiple rules, the resulting Isar proof texts turn out wellstructured and readable. Our techniques can be applied to nonstandard variants of induction as well, such as coinduction and nominal induction. This demonstrates that Isar provides a viable platform for building domainspecific tools that support fullyformal mathematical proof composition.
α The Isabelle/Isar Reference Manual
"... The Isabelle system essentially provides a generic infrastructure for building deductive systems (programmed in Standard ML), with a special focus on interactive theorem proving in higherorder logics. Many years ago, even endusers would refer to certain ML functions (goal commands, tactics, tactica ..."
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The Isabelle system essentially provides a generic infrastructure for building deductive systems (programmed in Standard ML), with a special focus on interactive theorem proving in higherorder logics. Many years ago, even endusers would refer to certain ML functions (goal commands, tactics, tacticals etc.) to pursue their everyday theorem proving tasks. In contrast Isar provides an interpreted language environment of its own, which has been specifically tailored for the needs of theory and proof development. Compared to raw ML, the Isabelle/Isar toplevel provides a more robust and comfortable development platform, with proper support for theory development graphs, managed transactions with unlimited undo etc. In its pioneering times, the Isabelle/Isar version of the Proof General user interface [2, 3] has contributed to the success of for interactive theory and proof development in this advanced theorem proving environment, even though it was somewhat biased towards oldstyle proof scripts. The more recent Isabelle/jEdit Prover IDE [53] emphasizes the documentoriented approach