Results 1  10
of
650
A densitybased algorithm for discovering clusters in large spatial databases with noise
, 1996
"... Clustering algorithms are attractive for the task of class identification in spatial databases. However, the application to large spatial databases rises the following requirements for clustering algorithms: minimal requirements of domain knowledge to determine the input parameters, discovery of clu ..."
Abstract

Cited by 1207 (62 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Clustering algorithms are attractive for the task of class identification in spatial databases. However, the application to large spatial databases rises the following requirements for clustering algorithms: minimal requirements of domain knowledge to determine the input parameters, discovery of clusters with arbitrary shape and good efficiency on large databases. The wellknown clustering algorithms offer no solution to the combination of these requirements. In this paper, we present the new clustering algorithm DBSCAN relying on a densitybased notion of clusters which is designed to discover clusters of arbitrary shape. DBSCAN requires only one input parameter and supports the user in determining an appropriate value for it. We performed an experimental evaluation of the effectiveness and efficiency of DBSCAN using synthetic data and real data of the SEQUOIA 2000 benchmark. The results of our experiments demonstrate that (1) DBSCAN is significantly more effective in discovering clusters of arbitrary shape than the wellknown algorithm CLARANS, and that (2) DBSCAN outperforms CLARANS by a factor of more than 100 in terms of efficiency.
Multidimensional Access Methods
, 1998
"... Search operations in databases require special support at the physical level. This is true for conventional databases as well as spatial databases, where typical search operations include the point query (find all objects that contain a given search point) and the region query (find all objects that ..."
Abstract

Cited by 607 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Search operations in databases require special support at the physical level. This is true for conventional databases as well as spatial databases, where typical search operations include the point query (find all objects that contain a given search point) and the region query (find all objects that overlap a given search region). More
Automatic Subspace Clustering of High Dimensional Data
 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
, 2005
"... Data mining applications place special requirements on clustering algorithms including: the ability to find clusters embedded in subspaces of high dimensional data, scalability, enduser comprehensibility of the results, nonpresumption of any canonical data distribution, and insensitivity to the or ..."
Abstract

Cited by 600 (12 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Data mining applications place special requirements on clustering algorithms including: the ability to find clusters embedded in subspaces of high dimensional data, scalability, enduser comprehensibility of the results, nonpresumption of any canonical data distribution, and insensitivity to the order of input records. We present CLIQUE, a clustering algorithm that satisfies each of these requirements. CLIQUE identifies dense clusters in subspaces of maximum dimensionality. It generates cluster descriptions in the form of DNF expressions that are minimized for ease of comprehension. It produces identical results irrespective of the order in which input records are presented and does not presume any specific mathematical form for data distribution. Through experiments, we show that CLIQUE efficiently finds accurate clusters in large high dimensional datasets.
Data Preparation for Mining World Wide Web Browsing Patterns
 KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS
, 1999
"... The World Wide Web (WWW) continues to grow at an astounding rate in both the sheer volume of tra#c and the size and complexity of Web sites. The complexity of tasks such as Web site design, Web server design, and of simply navigating through a Web site have increased along with this growth. An i ..."
Abstract

Cited by 483 (43 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
The World Wide Web (WWW) continues to grow at an astounding rate in both the sheer volume of tra#c and the size and complexity of Web sites. The complexity of tasks such as Web site design, Web server design, and of simply navigating through a Web site have increased along with this growth. An important input to these design tasks is the analysis of how a Web site is being used. Usage analysis includes straightforward statistics, such as page access frequency, as well as more sophisticated forms of analysis, such as finding the common traversal paths through a Web site. Web Usage Mining is the application of data mining techniques to usage logs of large Web data repositories in order to produce results that can be used in the design tasks mentioned above. However, there are several preprocessing tasks that must be performed prior to applying data mining algorithms to the data collected from server logs. This paper presents several data preparation techniques in order to identify unique users and user sessions. Also, a method to divide user sessions into semantically meaningful transactions is defined and successfully tested against two other methods. Transactions identified by the proposed methods are used to discover association rules from real world data using the WEBMINER system [15].
BIRCH: an efficient data clustering method for very large databases
 In Proc. of the ACM SIGMOD Intl. Conference on Management of Data (SIGMOD
, 1996
"... Finding useful patterns in large datasets has attracted considerable interest recently, and one of the most widely st,udied problems in this area is the identification of clusters, or deusel y populated regions, in a multidir nensional clataset. Prior work does not adequately address the problem of ..."
Abstract

Cited by 476 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Finding useful patterns in large datasets has attracted considerable interest recently, and one of the most widely st,udied problems in this area is the identification of clusters, or deusel y populated regions, in a multidir nensional clataset. Prior work does not adequately address the problem of large datasets and minimization of 1/0 costs. This paper presents a data clustering method named Bfll (;”H (Balanced Iterative Reducing and Clustering using Hierarchies), and demonstrates that it is especially suitable for very large databases. BIRCH incrementally and clynamicall y clusters incoming multidimensional metric data points to try to produce the best quality clustering with the available resources (i. e., available memory and time constraints). BIRCH can typically find a goocl clustering with a single scan of the data, and improve the quality further with a few aclditioual scans. BIRCH is also the first clustering algorithm proposerl in the database area to handle “noise) ’ (data points that are not part of the underlying pattern) effectively. We evaluate BIRCH’S time/space efficiency, data input order sensitivity, and clustering quality through several experiments. We also present a performance comparisons of BIR (;’H versus CLARA NS, a clustering method proposed recently for large datasets, and S11OW that BIRCH is consistently 1
Data Mining: An Overview from Database Perspective
 IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
, 1996
"... Mining information and knowledge from large databases has been recognized by many researchers as a key research topic in database systems and machine learning, and by many industrial companies as an important area with an opportunity of major revenues. Researchers in many different fields have sh ..."
Abstract

Cited by 434 (26 self)
 Add to MetaCart
(Show Context)
Mining information and knowledge from large databases has been recognized by many researchers as a key research topic in database systems and machine learning, and by many industrial companies as an important area with an opportunity of major revenues. Researchers in many different fields have shown great interest in data mining. Several emerging applications in information providing services, such as data warehousing and online services over the Internet, also call for various data mining techniques to better understand user behavior, to improve the service provided, and to increase the business opportunities. In response to such a demand, this article is to provide a survey, from a database researcher's point of view, on the data mining techniques developed recently. A classification of the available data mining techniques is provided and a comparative study of such techniques is presented.
OPTICS: Ordering Points To Identify the Clustering Structure
, 1999
"... Cluster analysis is a primary method for database mining. It is either used as a standalone tool to get insight into the distribution of a data set, e.g. to focus further analysis and data processing, or as a preprocessing step for other algorithms operating on the detected clusters. Almost all of ..."
Abstract

Cited by 380 (45 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Cluster analysis is a primary method for database mining. It is either used as a standalone tool to get insight into the distribution of a data set, e.g. to focus further analysis and data processing, or as a preprocessing step for other algorithms operating on the detected clusters. Almost all of the wellknown clustering algorithms require input parameters which are hard to determine but have a significant influence on the clustering result. Furthermore, for many realdata sets there does not even exist a global parameter setting for which the result of the clustering algorithm describes the intrinsic clustering structure accurately. We introduce a new algorithm for the purpose of cluster analysis which does not produce a clustering of a data set explicitly; but instead creates an augmented ordering of the database representing its densitybased clustering structure. This clusterordering contains information which is equivalent to the densitybased clusterings corresponding to a broad range of parameter settings. It is a versatile basis for both automatic and interactive cluster analysis. We show how to automatically and efficiently extract not only ‘traditional ’ clustering information (e.g. representative points, arbitrary shaped clusters), but also the intrinsic clustering structure. For medium sized data sets, the clusterordering can be represented graphically and for very large data sets, we introduce an appropriate visualization technique. Both are suitable for interactive exploration of the intrinsic clustering structure offering additional insights into the distribution and correlation of the data.
LOF: Identifying DensityBased Local Outliers
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2000 ACM SIGMOD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MANAGEMENT OF DATA
, 2000
"... For many KDD applications, such as detecting criminal activities in Ecommerce, finding the rare instances or the outliers, can be more interesting than finding the common patterns. Existing work in outlier detection regards being an outlier as a binary property. In this paper, we contend that for m ..."
Abstract

Cited by 344 (9 self)
 Add to MetaCart
For many KDD applications, such as detecting criminal activities in Ecommerce, finding the rare instances or the outliers, can be more interesting than finding the common patterns. Existing work in outlier detection regards being an outlier as a binary property. In this paper, we contend that for many scenarios, it is more meaningful to assign to each object a degree of being an outlier. This degree is called the local outlier factor (LOF) of an object. It is local in that the degree depends on how isolated the object is with respect to the surrounding neighborhood. We give a detailed formal analysis showing that LOF enjoys many desirable properties. Using realworld datasets, we demonstrate that LOF can be used to find outliers which appear to be meaningful, but can otherwise not be identified with existing approaches. Finally, a careful performance evaluation of our algorithm confirms we show that our approach of finding local outliers can be practical.
Xmeans: Extending Kmeans with Efficient Estimation of the Number of Clusters
 In Proceedings of the 17th International Conf. on Machine Learning
, 2000
"... Despite its popularity for general clustering, Kmeans suffers three major shortcomings; it scales poorly computationally, the number of clusters K has to be supplied by the user, and the search is prone to local minima. We propose solutions for the first two problems, and a partial remedy for the t ..."
Abstract

Cited by 296 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Despite its popularity for general clustering, Kmeans suffers three major shortcomings; it scales poorly computationally, the number of clusters K has to be supplied by the user, and the search is prone to local minima. We propose solutions for the first two problems, and a partial remedy for the third. Building on prior work for algorithmic acceleration that is not based on approximation, we introduce a new algorithm that efficiently, searches the space of cluster locations and number of clusters to optimize the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) or the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) measure. The innovations include two new ways of exploiting cached sufficient statistics and a new very efficient test that in one Kmeans sweep selects the most promising subset of classes for refinement. This gives rise to a fast, statistically founded algorithm that outputs both the number of classes and their parameters. Experiments show this technique reveals the true number of classes in the underlying distribution, and that it is much faster than repeatedly using accelerated Kmeans for different values of K.
Mining: Information and Pattern Discovery on the World Wide Web
 In: Proceedings of the 9th IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI
, 1997
"... Application of data mining techniques to the World Wide Web, referred to as Web mining, has been the focus of several recent research projects and papers. However, there is no established vocabulary, leading to confusion when comparing research efforts. The term Web mining has been used in two disti ..."
Abstract

Cited by 294 (21 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Application of data mining techniques to the World Wide Web, referred to as Web mining, has been the focus of several recent research projects and papers. However, there is no established vocabulary, leading to confusion when comparing research efforts. The term Web mining has been used in two distinct ways. The first, called Web content mining in this paper, is the process of information discovery from sources across the World Wide Web. The second, called Web mage mining, is the process of mining for user browsing and access patterns. In this paper we define Web mining and present an overview of the various research issues, techniques, and development efforts. We briefly describe WEBMINER, a system for Web usage mining, and conclude this paper by listing research issues. 1