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Computational Intelligence Methods for RuleBased Data Understanding
 PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE
, 2004
"... ... This paper is focused on the extraction and use of logical rules for data understanding. All aspects of rule generation, optimization, and application are described, including the problem of finding good symbolic descriptors for continuous data, tradeoffs between accuracy and simplicity at the r ..."
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Cited by 23 (3 self)
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... This paper is focused on the extraction and use of logical rules for data understanding. All aspects of rule generation, optimization, and application are described, including the problem of finding good symbolic descriptors for continuous data, tradeoffs between accuracy and simplicity at the ruleextraction stage, and tradeoffs between rejection and error level at the rule optimization stage. Stability of rulebased description, calculation of probabilities from rules, and other related issues are also discussed. Major approaches to extraction of logical rules based on neural networks, decision trees, machine learning, and statistical methods are introduced. Optimization and application issues for sets of logical rules are described. Applications of such methods to benchmark and reallife problems are reported and illustrated with simple logical rules for many datasets. Challenges and new directions for research are outlined.
Multivariate Discretization for Set Mining
 KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS
, 2000
"... Many algorithms in data mining can be formulated as a set mining problem where the goal is to find conjunctions (or disjunctions) of terms that meet user specified constraints. Set mining techniques have been largely designed for categorical or discrete data where variables can only take on a fixed ..."
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Cited by 18 (0 self)
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Many algorithms in data mining can be formulated as a set mining problem where the goal is to find conjunctions (or disjunctions) of terms that meet user specified constraints. Set mining techniques have been largely designed for categorical or discrete data where variables can only take on a fixed number of values. However, many data sets also contain continuous variables and a common method of dealing with these is to discretize them by breaking them into ranges. Most discretization methods are univariate and consider only a single feature at a time (sometimes in conjunction with a class variable). We argue that this is a suboptimal approach for knowledge discovery as univariate discretization can destroy hidden patterns in data. Discretization should consider the effects on all variables in the analysis and that two regions X and Y should only be in the same interval after discretization if the instances in those regions have similar multivariate distributions (Fx Fy) across all variables and combinations of variables. We present a bottom up merging algorithm to discretize continuous variables based on this rule. Our experiments indicate that the approach is feasible, that it will not destroy hidden patterns and that it will generate meaningful intervals.
Using Feature Hierarchies in Bayesian Network Learning (Extended Abstract)
 Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence
, 2000
"... In recent years, researchers in statistics and the UAI community have developed an impressive body of theory and algorithmic machinery for learning Bayesian networks from data. Learned Bayesian networks can be used for pattern discovery, prediction, diagnosis, and density estimation tasks. Early pio ..."
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Cited by 12 (3 self)
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In recent years, researchers in statistics and the UAI community have developed an impressive body of theory and algorithmic machinery for learning Bayesian networks from data. Learned Bayesian networks can be used for pattern discovery, prediction, diagnosis, and density estimation tasks. Early pioneering work in this area includes [5, 9, 10, 13]. The algorithm that has emerged as the current most popular approach is a simple greedy hillclimbing algorithm that searches the space of candidate structures, guided by a network scoring function (either Bayesian or Minimum Description Length (MDL)based). The search begins with an initial candidate network (typically the empty network, which has no edges), and then considers making small local changes such as ...
Interpolating conditional density trees
 A. Darwiche, N. Friedman (Eds.), Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
, 2002
"... Joint distributions over many variables are frequently modeled by decomposing them into products of simpler, lowerdimensional conditional distributions, such as in sparsely connected Bayesian networks. However, automatically learning such models can be very computationally expensive when there are ..."
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Cited by 5 (0 self)
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Joint distributions over many variables are frequently modeled by decomposing them into products of simpler, lowerdimensional conditional distributions, such as in sparsely connected Bayesian networks. However, automatically learning such models can be very computationally expensive when there are many datapoints and many continuous variables with complex nonlinear relationships, particularly when no good ways of decomposing the joint distribution are known a priori. In such situations, previous research has generally focused on the use of discretization techniques in which each continuous variable has a single discretization that is used throughout the entire network. In this paper, we present and compare a wide variety of treebased algorithms for learning and evaluating conditional density estimates over continuous variables. These trees can be thought of as discretizations that vary according to the particular interactions being modeled; however, the density within a given leaf of the tree need not be assumed constant, and we show that such nonuniform leaf densities lead to more accurate density estimation. We have developed Bayesian network structurelearning algorithms that employ these treebased conditional density representations, and we show that they can be used to practically learn complex joint probability models over dozens of continuous variables from thousands of datapoints. We focus on nding models that are simultaneously accurate, fast to learn, and fast to evaluate once they are learned.
Fast Factored Density Estimation and Compression with Bayesian Networks
, 2002
"... my family especially my father, Donald. iv Abstract Many important data analysis tasks can be addressed by formulating them as probability estimation problems. For example, a popular general approach to automatic classification problems is to learn a probabilistic model of each class from data in ..."
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Cited by 3 (1 self)
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my family especially my father, Donald. iv Abstract Many important data analysis tasks can be addressed by formulating them as probability estimation problems. For example, a popular general approach to automatic classification problems is to learn a probabilistic model of each class from data in which the classes are known, and then use Bayes's rule with these models to predict the correct classes of other data for which they are not known. Anomaly detection and scientific discovery tasks can often be addressed by learning probability models over possible events and then looking for events to which these models assign low probabilities. Many data compression algorithms such as Huffman coding and arithmetic coding rely on probabilistic models of the data stream in order achieve high compression rates.
Predictive Discretization during Model Selection
"... We present an approach to discretizing multivariate continuous data while learning the structure of a graphical model. We derive the joint scoring function from the principle of predictive accuracy, which inherently ensures the optimal tradeoff between goodness of fit and model complexity (includin ..."
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Cited by 1 (1 self)
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We present an approach to discretizing multivariate continuous data while learning the structure of a graphical model. We derive the joint scoring function from the principle of predictive accuracy, which inherently ensures the optimal tradeoff between goodness of fit and model complexity (including the number of discretization levels). Using the socalled finest grid implied by the data, our scoring function depends only on the number of data points in the various discretization levels. Not only can it be computed efficiently, but it is also invariant under monotonic transformations of the continuous space. Our experiments show that the discretization method can substantially impact the resulting graph structure. 1