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Moore graphs and beyond: A survey of the degree/diameter problem
 ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF COMBINATORICS
, 2013
"... The degree/diameter problem is to determine the largest graphs or digraphs of given maximum degree and given diameter. General upper bounds – called Moore bounds – for the order of such graphs and digraphs are attainable only for certain special graphs and digraphs. Finding better (tighter) upper bo ..."
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Cited by 26 (4 self)
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The degree/diameter problem is to determine the largest graphs or digraphs of given maximum degree and given diameter. General upper bounds – called Moore bounds – for the order of such graphs and digraphs are attainable only for certain special graphs and digraphs. Finding better (tighter) upper bounds for the maximum possible number of vertices, given the other two parameters, and thus attacking the degree/diameter problem ‘from above’, remains a largely unexplored area. Constructions producing large graphs and digraphs of given degree and diameter represent a way of attacking the degree/diameter problem ‘from below’. This survey aims to give an overview of the current stateoftheart of the degree/diameter problem. We focus mainly on the above two streams of research. However, we could not resist mentioning also results on various related problems. These include considering Moorelike bounds for special types of graphs and digraphs, such as vertextransitive, Cayley, planar, bipartite, and many others, on
Domination in planar graphs with small diameter
 2002) 1–25. the electronic journal of combinatorics 10 (2003), #N9 5
"... MacGillivray and Seyffarth (J. Graph Theory 22 (1996), 213–229) proved that planar graphs of diameter two have domination number at most three and planar graphs of diameter three have domination number at most ten. They also give examples of planar graphs of diameter four having arbitrarily large do ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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MacGillivray and Seyffarth (J. Graph Theory 22 (1996), 213–229) proved that planar graphs of diameter two have domination number at most three and planar graphs of diameter three have domination number at most ten. They also give examples of planar graphs of diameter four having arbitrarily large domination numbers. In this paper we improve on their results. We prove that there is in fact a unique planar graph of diameter two with domination number three, and all other planar graphs of diameter two have domination number at most two. We also prove that every planar graph of diameter three and of radius two has domination number at most six. We then show that every sufficiently large planar graph of diameter three has domination number at most seven. Analogous results for other surfaces are discussed. 1
The Complete Catalog of 3Regular, Diameter3 Planar Graphs
, 1996
"... The largest known 3regular planar graph with diameter 3 has 12 vertices. We consider the problem of determining whether there is a larger graph with these properties. We find all nonisomorphic 3regular, diameter3 planar graphs, thus solving the problem completely. There are none with more than 12 ..."
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Cited by 1 (1 self)
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The largest known 3regular planar graph with diameter 3 has 12 vertices. We consider the problem of determining whether there is a larger graph with these properties. We find all nonisomorphic 3regular, diameter3 planar graphs, thus solving the problem completely. There are none with more than 12 vertices. An Upper Bound A graph with maximum degree \Delta and diameter D is called a (\Delta; D)graph. It is easily seen ([9], p. 171) that the order of a (\Delta,D)graph is bounded above by the Moore bound, which is given by 1+ \Delta + \Delta (\Delta \Gamma 1) + \Delta \Delta \Delta + \Delta(\Delta \Gamma 1) D\Gamma1 = 8 ? ! ? : \Delta(\Delta \Gamma 1) D \Gamma 2 \Delta \Gamma 2 if \Delta 6= 2; 2D + 1 if \Delta = 2: Figure 1: The regular (3,3)graph on 20 vertices (it is unique up to isomorphism) . For D 2 and \Delta 3, this bound is attained only if D = 2 and \Delta = 3; 7, and (perhaps) 57 [3, 14, 23]. Now, except for the case of C 4 (the cycle on four vertices), the num...
Broadcasting In Planar Graphs
"... For an arbitrary graph on n vertices, the minimum time required to broadcast is pogz n 1, and for any n, there exist graphs on n vertices with broadcast time equal to fIogz n 1. When restricted to planar graphs, this is generally not the case; however, just one additional time unit is sufficient to ..."
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For an arbitrary graph on n vertices, the minimum time required to broadcast is pogz n 1, and for any n, there exist graphs on n vertices with broadcast time equal to fIogz n 1. When restricted to planar graphs, this is generally not the case; however, just one additional time unit is sufficient to allow broadcasting in certain planar graphs. We also show that the maximum number of vertices in a planar graph with broadcast time t is at least 2 t 1 + 2 LU/3J + 1. 1