Results 1  10
of
26
An empirical investigation of continuoustime equity return models
 Journal of Finance
, 2002
"... This paper extends the class of stochastic volatility diffusions for asset returns to encompass Poisson jumps of timevarying intensity. We find that any reasonably descriptive continuoustime model for equityindex returns must allow for discrete jumps as well as stochastic volatility with a pronou ..."
Abstract

Cited by 134 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper extends the class of stochastic volatility diffusions for asset returns to encompass Poisson jumps of timevarying intensity. We find that any reasonably descriptive continuoustime model for equityindex returns must allow for discrete jumps as well as stochastic volatility with a pronounced negative relationship between return and volatility innovations. We also find that the dominant empirical characteristics of the return process appear to be priced by the option market. Our analysis indicates a general correspondence between the evidence extracted from daily equityindex returns and the stylized features of the corresponding options market prices. MUCH ASSET AND DERIVATIVE PRICING THEORY is based on diffusion models for primary securities. However, prescriptions for practical applications derived from these models typically produce disappointing results. A possible explanation could be that analytic formulas for pricing and hedging are available for only a limited set of continuoustime representations for asset returns
Do stock prices and volatility jump? Reconciling evidence from spot and option prices
, 2001
"... This paper studies the empirical performance of jumpdiffusion models that allow for stochastic volatility and correlated jumps affecting both prices and volatility. The results show that the models in question provide reasonable fit to both option prices and returns data in the insample estimation ..."
Abstract

Cited by 97 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper studies the empirical performance of jumpdiffusion models that allow for stochastic volatility and correlated jumps affecting both prices and volatility. The results show that the models in question provide reasonable fit to both option prices and returns data in the insample estimation period. This contrasts previous findings where stochastic volatility paths are found to be too smooth relative to the option implied dynamics. While the models perform well during the high volatility estimation period, they tend to overprice long dated contracts outofsample. This evidence points towards a too simplistic specification of the mean dynamics of volatility.
New Insights Into Smile, Mispricing and Value At Risk: The Hyperbolic Model
 Journal of Business
, 1998
"... We investigate a new basic model for asset pricing, the hyperbolic model, which allows an almost perfect statistical fit of stock return data. After a brief introduction into the theory supported by an appendix we use also secondary market data to compare the hyperbolic model to the classical Black ..."
Abstract

Cited by 80 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We investigate a new basic model for asset pricing, the hyperbolic model, which allows an almost perfect statistical fit of stock return data. After a brief introduction into the theory supported by an appendix we use also secondary market data to compare the hyperbolic model to the classical BlackScholes model. We study implicit volatilities, the smile effect and the pricing performance. Exploiting the full power of the hyperbolic model, we construct an option value process from a statistical point of view by estimating the implicit riskneutral density function from option data. Finally we present some new valueat risk calculations leading to new perspectives to cope with model risk. I Introduction There is little doubt that the BlackScholes model has become the standard in the finance industry and is applied on a large scale in everyday trading operations. On the other side its deficiencies have become a standard topic in research. Given the vast literature where refinements a...
Of Smiles and Smirks: A TermStructure Perspective
 JOURNAL OF FINANCIAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS
, 1998
"... An extensive empirical literature in finance has documented not only the presence of anamolies in the BlackScholes model, but also the "termstructures" of these anamolies (for instance, the behavior of the volatility smile or of unconditional returns at different maturities). Theoretical efforts i ..."
Abstract

Cited by 79 (3 self)
 Add to MetaCart
An extensive empirical literature in finance has documented not only the presence of anamolies in the BlackScholes model, but also the "termstructures" of these anamolies (for instance, the behavior of the volatility smile or of unconditional returns at different maturities). Theoretical efforts in the literature at addressing these anamolies have largely focussed on two extensions of the BlackScholes model: introducing jumps into the return process, and allowing volatility to be stochastic. This paper employs commonlyused versions of these two classes of models to examine the extent to which the models are theoretically capable of resolving the observed anamolies. We find that each model exhibits some "termstructure" patterns that are fundamentally inconsistent with those observed in the data. As a consequence, neither class of models constitutes an adequate explanation of the empirical evidence, although stochastic volatility models fare better than jumps in this regard.
The Dynamics of Stochastic Volatility: Evidence from Underlying and Option Markets
, 2000
"... This paper proposes and estimates a more general parametric stochastic variance model of equity index returns than has been previously considered using data from both underlying and options markets. The parameters of the model under both the objective and riskneutral measures are estimated simultane ..."
Abstract

Cited by 72 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper proposes and estimates a more general parametric stochastic variance model of equity index returns than has been previously considered using data from both underlying and options markets. The parameters of the model under both the objective and riskneutral measures are estimated simultaneously. I conclude that the square root stochastic variance model of Heston (1993) and others is incapable of generating realistic returns behavior and find that the data are more accurately represented by a stochastic variance model in the CEV class or a model that allows the price and variance processes to have a timevarying correlation. Specifically, I find that as the level of market variance increases, the volatility of market variance increases rapidly and the correlation between the price and variance processes becomes substantially more negative. The heightened heteroskedasticity in market variance that results generates realistic crash probabilities and dynamics and causes returns to display values of skewness and kurtosis much more consistent with their sample values. While the model dramatically improves the fit of options prices relative to the square root process, it falls short of explaining the implied volatility smile for shortdated options.
An adaptive evolutionary approach to option pricing via genetic programming
 Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Computational Finance
, 1998
"... Please do not quote without permission * Chidambaran is visiting at NYU, on leave from Tulane. Lee holds joint appointments at Tulane and HKUST. Trigueros is at Tulane. We are grateful for the comments from participants at seminars at Tulane ..."
Abstract

Cited by 12 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Please do not quote without permission * Chidambaran is visiting at NYU, on leave from Tulane. Lee holds joint appointments at Tulane and HKUST. Trigueros is at Tulane. We are grateful for the comments from participants at seminars at Tulane
Option Prices under Bayesian Learning: Implied Volatility Dynamics and Predictive Densities
 Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control
, 2003
"... This paper shows that many of the empirical biases of the Black and Scholes option pricing model can be explained by Bayesian learning effects. In the context of an equilibrium model where dividend news evolve on a binomial lattice with unknown but recursively updated probabilities we derive closed ..."
Abstract

Cited by 10 (4 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper shows that many of the empirical biases of the Black and Scholes option pricing model can be explained by Bayesian learning effects. In the context of an equilibrium model where dividend news evolve on a binomial lattice with unknown but recursively updated probabilities we derive closedform pricing formulas for European options. Learning is found to generate asymmetric skews in the implied volatility surface and systematic patterns in the term structure of option prices. Data on S&P 500 index option prices is used to back out the parameters of the underlying learning process and to predict the evolution in the crosssection of option prices. The proposed model leads to lower outofsample forecast errors and smaller hedging errors than a variety of alternative option pricing models, including BlackScholes and a GARCH model. We wish to thank four anonymous referees for their extensive and thoughtful comments that greatly improved
Multifrequency JumpDiffusions: An Equilibrium Approach
, 2007
"... This paper proposes that equilibrium valuation is a powerful method to generate endogenous jumps in asset prices. We specify an economy with continuous consumption and dividend paths, in which endogenous price jumps originate from the market impact of regimeswitches in the drifts and volatilities ..."
Abstract

Cited by 5 (0 self)
 Add to MetaCart
This paper proposes that equilibrium valuation is a powerful method to generate endogenous jumps in asset prices. We specify an economy with continuous consumption and dividend paths, in which endogenous price jumps originate from the market impact of regimeswitches in the drifts and volatilities of fundamentals. We parsimoniously incorporate regimes of heterogeneous durations and verify that the persistence of a shock endogenously increases the magnitude of the induced price jump. As the number of frequencies driving fundamentals goes to infinity, the price process converges to a novel stochastic process, which we call a multifractal jumpdiffusion.
Security Tokens and Their Derivatives
 In 7th International Conference of the Society for Computational Economics (SCE'01
, 2001
"... The primary purpose of this paper is to model uncertain digital objects in view of financial risk management in an open network. We have made an abstraction of the objects and defined the security token, which is abbreviated into a word coinage setok. Each setok has its price, values, and timestamp ..."
Abstract

Cited by 4 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The primary purpose of this paper is to model uncertain digital objects in view of financial risk management in an open network. We have made an abstraction of the objects and defined the security token, which is abbreviated into a word coinage setok. Each setok has its price, values, and timestamp on it as well as the main contents. Not only the price but also the values can be uncertain and may cause risks. A number of properties of the setok are defined. They include value response to compromise, price response to compromise, refundability, tradability, online divisibility, and offline divisibility. Then, in search of riskhedging tools, a derivative written not on the price but on the value is introduced. The derivative investigated is a simple Europeantype call option. With the help of stochastic theory, we have derived several optionpricing formulae. These formulae do not require any divisibility of the underlying setok. With respect to applications, an inverse estimation of compromise probability is studied. The stochastic approach is extended to deal with a jump caused by the compromise and the resultant revocation. This extension gives a partial differential equation (PDE) to price the call option; given a set of parameters including the compromise probability, the PDE can tell us the option price. By making an inverse use of this, we can estimate the risk of compromise. Key words: network security, digital object, setok, risk hedge, derivative, option pricing. Contents 1