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31
Engineering and economic applications of complementarity problems
 SIAM Review
, 1997
"... Abstract. This paper gives an extensive documentation of applications of finitedimensional nonlinear complementarity problems in engineering and equilibrium modeling. For most applications, we describe the problem briefly, state the defining equations of the model, and give functional expressions f ..."
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Cited by 173 (27 self)
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Abstract. This paper gives an extensive documentation of applications of finitedimensional nonlinear complementarity problems in engineering and equilibrium modeling. For most applications, we describe the problem briefly, state the defining equations of the model, and give functional expressions for the complementarity formulations. The goal of this documentation is threefold: (i) to summarize the essential applications of the nonlinear complementarity problem known to date, (ii) to provide a basis for the continued research on the nonlinear complementarity problem, and (iii) to supply a broad collection of realistic complementarity problems for use in algorithmic experimentation and other studies.
A Smoothing Method For Mathematical Programs With Equilibrium Constraints
, 1996
"... The mathematical program with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) is an optimization problem with variational inequality constraints. MPEC problems include bilevel programming problems as a particular case and have a wide range of applications. MPEC problems with strongly monotone variational inequalitie ..."
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Cited by 76 (6 self)
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The mathematical program with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) is an optimization problem with variational inequality constraints. MPEC problems include bilevel programming problems as a particular case and have a wide range of applications. MPEC problems with strongly monotone variational inequalities are considered in this paper. They are transformed into an equivalent onelevel nonsmooth optimization problem. Then, a sequence of smooth, regular problems that progressively approximate the nonsmooth problem and that can be solved by standard available software for constrained optimization is introduced. It is shown that the solutions (stationary points) of the approximate problems converge to a solution (stationary point) of the original MPEC problem. Numerical results showing viability of the approach are reported.
Complementarity Formulations and Existence of Solutions of Dynamic MultiRigidBody Contact Problems with Coulomb Friction
 Mathematical Programming
"... . In this paper, we study the problem of predicting the acceleration of a set of rigid, 3dimensional bodies in contact with Coulomb friction. The nonlinearity of Coulomb's law leads to a nonlinear complementarity formulation of the system model. This model is used in conjunction with the theor ..."
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Cited by 54 (7 self)
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. In this paper, we study the problem of predicting the acceleration of a set of rigid, 3dimensional bodies in contact with Coulomb friction. The nonlinearity of Coulomb's law leads to a nonlinear complementarity formulation of the system model. This model is used in conjunction with the theory of quasivariational inequalities to prove for the first time that multirigidbody systems with all contacts rolling always has a solution under a feasibilitytype condition. The analysis of the more general problem with sliding and rolling contacts presents difficulties that motivate our consideration of a relaxed friction law. The corresponding complementarity formulations of the multirigidbody contact problem are derived and existence of solutions of these models is established. Key Words. Rigidbody contact problem, Coulomb friction, linear complementarity, quasivariational inequality, setvalued mappings. 1 Introduction One of the main goals of the robotics research community is to a...
Smooth SQP Methods for Mathematical Programs with Nonlinear Complementarity Constraints
 SIAM Journal on Optimization
, 1997
"... Mathematical programs with nonlinear complementarity constraints are reformulated using betterposed but nonsmooth constraints. We introduce a class of functions, parameterized by a real scalar, to approximate these nonsmooth problems by smooth nonlinear programs. This smoothing procedure has the ex ..."
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Cited by 45 (0 self)
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Mathematical programs with nonlinear complementarity constraints are reformulated using betterposed but nonsmooth constraints. We introduce a class of functions, parameterized by a real scalar, to approximate these nonsmooth problems by smooth nonlinear programs. This smoothing procedure has the extra benefits that it often improves the prospect of feasibility and stability of the constraints of the associated nonlinear programs and their quadratic approximations. We present two globally convergent algorithms based on sequential quadratic programming, SQP, as applied in exact penalty methods for nonlinear programs. Global convergence of the implicit smooth SQP method depends on existence of a lowerlevel nondegenerate (strictly complementary) limit point of the iteration sequence. Global convergence of the explicit smooth SQP method depends on a weaker property, i.e. existence of a limit point at which a generalized constraint qualification holds. We also discuss some practical matter...
On Solving Mathematical Programs With Complementarity Constraints As Nonlinear Programs
, 2002
"... . We investigate the possibility of solving mathematical programs with complementarity constraints (MPCCs) using classical algorithms and procedures from nonlinear programming. Although MPCCs do not satisfy a constraint qualification, we establish sufficient conditions for their Lagrange multiplier ..."
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Cited by 43 (2 self)
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. We investigate the possibility of solving mathematical programs with complementarity constraints (MPCCs) using classical algorithms and procedures from nonlinear programming. Although MPCCs do not satisfy a constraint qualification, we establish sufficient conditions for their Lagrange multiplier set to be nonempty in two different formulations. MPCCs that have nonempty Lagrange multiplier sets and that satisfy the quadratic growth condition can be approached by the elastic mode with a boundedpenalty parameter. This transformsthe MPCC into a nonlinear program with additional variables that has an isolated stationary point and local minimum at the solution of the original problem, which in turn makes it approachable by a sequential quadratic programming algorithm. The robustness of the elastic mode when applied to MPCCs is demonstrated by several numerical examples. 1. Introduction. Complementarity constraints can be used to model numerous economics or mechanics applications [18, 25]....
Misclassification Minimization
 JOURNAL OF GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION
, 1994
"... The problem of minimizing the number of misclassified points by a plane, attempting to separate two point sets with intersecting convex hulls in ndimensional real space, is formulated as a linear program with equilibrium constraints (LPEC). This general LPEC can be converted to an exact penalty pro ..."
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Cited by 41 (13 self)
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The problem of minimizing the number of misclassified points by a plane, attempting to separate two point sets with intersecting convex hulls in ndimensional real space, is formulated as a linear program with equilibrium constraints (LPEC). This general LPEC can be converted to an exact penalty problem with a quadratic objective and linear constraints. A FrankWolfetype algorithm is proposed for the penalty problem that terminates at a stationary point or a global solution. Novel aspects of the approach include: (i) A linear complementarity formulation of the step function that "counts" misclassifications, (ii) Exact penalty formulation without boundedness, nondegeneracy or constraint qualification assumptions, (iii) An exact solution extraction from the sequence of minimizers of the penalty function for a finite value of the penalty parameter for the general LPEC and an explicitly exact solution for the LPEC with uncoupled constraints, and (iv) A parametric quadratic programming form...
Machine Learning via Polyhedral Concave Minimization
, 1996
"... Two fundamental problems of machine learning, misclassification minimization [10, 24, 18] and feature selection, [25, 29, 14] are formulated as the minimization of a concave function on a polyhedral set. Other formulations of these problems utilize linear programs with equilibrium constraints [18, 1 ..."
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Cited by 36 (12 self)
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Two fundamental problems of machine learning, misclassification minimization [10, 24, 18] and feature selection, [25, 29, 14] are formulated as the minimization of a concave function on a polyhedral set. Other formulations of these problems utilize linear programs with equilibrium constraints [18, 1, 4, 3] which are generally intractable. In contrast, for the proposed concave minimization formulation, a successive linearization algorithm without stepsize terminates after a maximum average of 7 linear programs on problems with as many as 4192 points in 14dimensional space. The algorithm terminates at a stationary point or a global solution to the problem. Preliminary numerical results indicate that the proposed approach is quite effective and more efficient than other approaches. 1 Introduction We shall consider the following two fundamental problems of machine learning: Problem 1.1 Misclassification Minimization [24, 18] Given two finite point sets A and B in the ndimensional real s...
Error Bounds for Convex Inequality Systems
 Generalized Convexity
, 1996
"... Using convex analysis, this paper gives a systematic and unified treatment for the existence of a global error bound for a convex inequality system. We establish a necessary and sufficient condition for a closed convex set defined by a closed proper convex function to possess a global error bound in ..."
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Cited by 30 (0 self)
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Using convex analysis, this paper gives a systematic and unified treatment for the existence of a global error bound for a convex inequality system. We establish a necessary and sufficient condition for a closed convex set defined by a closed proper convex function to possess a global error bound in terms of a natural residual. We derive many special cases of the main characterization, including the case where a Slater assumption is in place. Our results show clearly the essential conditions needed for convex inequality systems to satisfy global error bounds; they unify and extend a large number of existing results on global error bounds for such systems. The research of this author was based on work supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. y The research of this author was based on work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant CCR9213739 and the Office of Naval Research under grant N000149310228. 1 Introduction Let f : ! ...
Exact penalization and necessary optimality conditions for generalized bilevel programming problems
 SIAM J. Optim
, 1997
"... Abstract. The generalized bilevel programming problem (GBLP) is a bilevel mathematical program where the lower level is a variational inequality. In this paper we prove that if the objective function of a GBLP is uniformly Lipschitz continuous in the lower level decision variable with respect to the ..."
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Cited by 30 (19 self)
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Abstract. The generalized bilevel programming problem (GBLP) is a bilevel mathematical program where the lower level is a variational inequality. In this paper we prove that if the objective function of a GBLP is uniformly Lipschitz continuous in the lower level decision variable with respect to the upper level decision variable, then using certain uniform parametric error bounds as penalty functions gives single level problems equivalent to the GBLP. Several local and global uniform parametric error bounds are presented, and assumptions guaranteeing that they apply are discussed. We then derive Kuhn–Tuckertype necessary optimality conditions by using exact penalty formulations and nonsmooth analysis. Key words. generalized bilevel programming problems, variational inequalities, exact penalty formulations, uniform parametric error bounds, necessary optimality conditions, nonsmooth analysis
QPECgen, a MATLAB generator for mathematical programs with quadratic objectives and affine variational inequality constraints
"... . We describe a technique for generating a special class, called QPEC, of mathematical programs with equilibrium constraints, MPEC. A QPEC is a quadratic MPEC, that is an optimization problem whose objective function is quadratic, firstlevel constraints are linear, and secondlevel (equilibrium) co ..."
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Cited by 24 (8 self)
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. We describe a technique for generating a special class, called QPEC, of mathematical programs with equilibrium constraints, MPEC. A QPEC is a quadratic MPEC, that is an optimization problem whose objective function is quadratic, firstlevel constraints are linear, and secondlevel (equilibrium) constraints are given by a parametric affine variational inequality or one of its specialisations. The generator, written in MATLAB, allows the user to control different properties of the QPEC and its solution. Options include the proportion of degenerate constraints in both the first and second level, illconditioning, convexity of the objective, monotonicity and symmetry of the secondlevel problem, and so on. We believe these properties may substantially effect efficiency of existing methods for MPEC, and illustrate this numerically by applying several methods to generator test problems. Documentation and relevant codes can be found by visiting http://www.maths.mu.OZ.AU/~danny/qpecgendoc.h...