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Pointwise semigroup methods and stability of viscous shock waves
 Indiana Univ. Math. J
, 1998
"... Abstract. Considered as rest points of ODE on L p, stationary viscous shock waves present a critical case for which standard semigroup methods do not su ce to determine stability. More precisely, there is no spectral gap between stationary modes and essential spectrum of the linearized operator abou ..."
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Cited by 63 (32 self)
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Abstract. Considered as rest points of ODE on L p, stationary viscous shock waves present a critical case for which standard semigroup methods do not su ce to determine stability. More precisely, there is no spectral gap between stationary modes and essential spectrum of the linearized operator about the wave, a fact which precludes the usual analysis by decomposition into invariant subspaces. For this reason, there have been until recently no results on shock stability from the semigroup perspective except in the scalar or totally compressive case ([Sat], [K.2], resp.), each of which can be reduced to the standard semigroup setting by Sattinger's method of weighted norms. We overcome this di culty in the general case by the introduction of new, pointwise semigroup techniques, generalizing earlier work of Howard [H.1], Kapitula [K.12], and Zeng [Ze,LZe]. These techniques allow us to do \hard &quot; analysis in PDE within the dynamical systems/semigroup framework: in particular, to obtain sharp, global pointwise bounds on the Green's function of the linearized operator around the wave, su cient for the analysis of linear and nonlinear stability. The method is general, and should nd applications
On the relation between elliptic and parabolic Harnack inequalities
, 2001
"... We show that, if a certain Sobolev inequality holds, then a scaleinvariant elliptic Harnack inequality suces to imply its a priori stronger parabolic counterpart. Neither the relative Sobolev inequality nor the elliptic Harnack inequality alone suces to imply the parabolic Harnack inequality in que ..."
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Cited by 27 (3 self)
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We show that, if a certain Sobolev inequality holds, then a scaleinvariant elliptic Harnack inequality suces to imply its a priori stronger parabolic counterpart. Neither the relative Sobolev inequality nor the elliptic Harnack inequality alone suces to imply the parabolic Harnack inequality in question; both are necessary conditions. As an application, we show the equivalence between parabolic Harnack inequality for on M , (i.e., for @ t + ) and elliptic Harnack inequality for @ 2 t + on R M . 1
Graphs between the elliptic and parabolic Harnack inequalities.
"... We present graphs that satisfy the uniform elliptic Harnack inequality, for harmonic functions, but not the stronger parabolic one, for solutions of the discrete heat equation. It is known from [9] that the parabolic Harnack inequality is equivalent to the conjunction of a volume regularity and a L ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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We present graphs that satisfy the uniform elliptic Harnack inequality, for harmonic functions, but not the stronger parabolic one, for solutions of the discrete heat equation. It is known from [9] that the parabolic Harnack inequality is equivalent to the conjunction of a volume regularity and a L 2 Poincaré inequality. The first example of graph satisfying the elliptic but not the parabolic Harnack inequality is due to M. Barlow and R. Bass, see [2]. It satisfies the volume regularity and not the Poincaré inequality. We construct another example that does not satisfy the volume regularity.
HARNACK INEQUALITY FOR A CLASS OF DEGENERATE ELLIPTIC OPERATORS
, 2003
"... Abstract. We prove a Harnack inequality for a class of twoweight degenerate elliptic operators. The metric distance is induced by continuous Grushintype vector fields. It is not know whether there exist cutoffs fitting the metric balls. This obstacle is bypassed by means of a covering argument tha ..."
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Abstract. We prove a Harnack inequality for a class of twoweight degenerate elliptic operators. The metric distance is induced by continuous Grushintype vector fields. It is not know whether there exist cutoffs fitting the metric balls. This obstacle is bypassed by means of a covering argument that allows the use of rectangles in the Moser iteration. 1.