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A Linear Logical Framework
, 1996
"... We present the linear type theory LLF as the forAppeared in the proceedings of the Eleventh Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science  LICS'96 (E. Clarke editor), pp. 264275, New Brunswick, NJ, July 2730 1996. mal basis for a conservative extension of the LF logical framework. LLF c ..."
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Cited by 217 (44 self)
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We present the linear type theory LLF as the forAppeared in the proceedings of the Eleventh Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science  LICS'96 (E. Clarke editor), pp. 264275, New Brunswick, NJ, July 2730 1996. mal basis for a conservative extension of the LF logical framework. LLF combines the expressive power of dependent types with linear logic to permit the natural and concise representation of a whole new class of deductive systems, namely those dealing with state. As an example we encode a version of MiniML with references including its type system, its operational semantics, and a proof of type preservation. Another example is the encoding of a sequent calculus for classical linear logic and its cut elimination theorem. LLF can also be given an operational interpretation as a logic programming language under which the representations above can be used for type inference, evaluation and cutelimination. 1 Introduction A logical framework is a formal system desig...
Rewriting Logic as a Logical and Semantic Framework
, 1993
"... Rewriting logic [72] is proposed as a logical framework in which other logics can be represented, and as a semantic framework for the specification of languages and systems. Using concepts from the theory of general logics [70], representations of an object logic L in a framework logic F are und ..."
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Cited by 147 (52 self)
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Rewriting logic [72] is proposed as a logical framework in which other logics can be represented, and as a semantic framework for the specification of languages and systems. Using concepts from the theory of general logics [70], representations of an object logic L in a framework logic F are understood as mappings L ! F that translate one logic into the other in a conservative way. The ease with which such maps can be defined for a number of quite different logics of interest, including equational logic, Horn logic with equality, linear logic, logics with quantifiers, and any sequent calculus presentation of a logic for a very general notion of "sequent," is discussed in detail. Using the fact that rewriting logic is reflective, it is often possible to reify inside rewriting logic itself a representation map L ! RWLogic for the finitely presentable theories of L. Such a reification takes the form of a map between the abstract data types representing the finitary theories of...
The Theory of LEGO  A Proof Checker for the Extended Calculus of Constructions
, 1994
"... LEGO is a computer program for interactive typechecking in the Extended Calculus of Constructions and two of its subsystems. LEGO also supports the extension of these three systems with inductive types. These type systems can be viewed as logics, and as meta languages for expressing logics, and LEGO ..."
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Cited by 68 (10 self)
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LEGO is a computer program for interactive typechecking in the Extended Calculus of Constructions and two of its subsystems. LEGO also supports the extension of these three systems with inductive types. These type systems can be viewed as logics, and as meta languages for expressing logics, and LEGO is intended to be used for interactively constructing proofs in mathematical theories presented in these logics. I have developed LEGO over six years, starting from an implementation of the Calculus of Constructions by G erard Huet. LEGO has been used for problems at the limits of our abilities to do formal mathematics. In this thesis I explain some aspects of the metatheory of LEGO's type systems leading to a machinechecked proof that typechecking is decidable for all three type theories supported by LEGO, and to a verified algorithm for deciding their typing judgements, assuming only that they are normalizing. In order to do this, the theory of Pure Type Systems (PTS) is extended and f...
Deliverables: A Categorical Approach to Program Development in Type Theory
, 1992
"... This thesis considers the problem of program correctness within a rich theory of dependent types, the Extended Calculus of Constructions (ECC). This system contains a powerful programming language of higherorder primitive recursion and higherorder intuitionistic logic. It is supported by Pollack's ..."
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Cited by 24 (1 self)
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This thesis considers the problem of program correctness within a rich theory of dependent types, the Extended Calculus of Constructions (ECC). This system contains a powerful programming language of higherorder primitive recursion and higherorder intuitionistic logic. It is supported by Pollack's versatile LEGO implementation, which I use extensively to develop the mathematical constructions studied here. I systematically investigate Burstall's notion of deliverable, that is, a program paired with a proof of correctness. This approach separates the concerns of programming and logic, since I want a simple program extraction mechanism. The \Sigmatypes of the calculus enable us to achieve this. There are many similarities with the subset interpretation of MartinLof type theory. I show that deliverables have a rich categorical structure, so that correctness proofs may be decomposed in a principled way. The categorical combinators which I define in the system package up much logical bo...
Structured theory presentations and logic representations
 ANNALS OF PURE AND APPLIED LOGIC
, 1994
"... The purpose of a logical framework such as LF is to provide a language for defining logical systems suitable for use in a logicindependent proof development environment. All inferential activity in an object logic (in particular, proof search) is to be conducted in the logical framework via the ..."
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Cited by 14 (2 self)
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The purpose of a logical framework such as LF is to provide a language for defining logical systems suitable for use in a logicindependent proof development environment. All inferential activity in an object logic (in particular, proof search) is to be conducted in the logical framework via the representation of that logic in the framework. An important tool for controlling search in an object logic, the need for which is motivated by the difficulty of reasoning about large and complex systems, is the use of structured theory presentations. In this paper a rudimentary language of structured theory presentations is presented, and the use of this structure in proof search for an arbitrary object logic is explored. The behaviour of structured theory presentations under representation in a logical framework is studied, focusing on the problem of "lifting" presentations from the object logic to the metalogic of the framework. The topic of imposing structure on logic presentations...
Pure Type Systems in Rewriting Logic
 In Proc. of LFM’99: Workshop on Logical Frameworks and MetaLanguages
, 1999
"... . The logical and operational aspects of rewriting logic as a logical framework are illustrated in detail by representing pure type systems as object logics. More precisely, we apply membership equational logic, the equational sublogic of rewriting logic, to specify pure type systems as they can be ..."
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Cited by 10 (2 self)
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. The logical and operational aspects of rewriting logic as a logical framework are illustrated in detail by representing pure type systems as object logics. More precisely, we apply membership equational logic, the equational sublogic of rewriting logic, to specify pure type systems as they can be found in the literature and also a new variant of pure type systems with explicit names that solves the problems with closure under conversion in a very satisfactory way. Furthermore, we use rewriting logic itself to give a formal operational description of type checking, that directly serves as an ecient type checking algorithm. The work reported here is part of a more ambitious project concerned with the development in Maude [7] of a proof assistant for OCC, the open calculus of constructions, an equational extension of the calculus of constructions. 1 Introduction This paper is a detailed case study on the ease and naturalness with which a family of higherorder formal systems, namely...
Program Development Schemata as Derived Rules
, 2000
"... This paper makes several contributions towards a clarified view of schemabased program development. First, we propose that schemata can be understood, formalized, and used in a simple way: program development schemata are derived rules. We mean this in the standard sense of a derived rule of infere ..."
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Cited by 9 (2 self)
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This paper makes several contributions towards a clarified view of schemabased program development. First, we propose that schemata can be understood, formalized, and used in a simple way: program development schemata are derived rules. We mean this in the standard sense of a derived rule of inference in logic. A schema like Figure i can be formulated as a rule stating that the conclusion follows from the premises defining F, G, and the applicability conditions. By deriving the rule in an axiomatic theory, we validate a semantic statement about it: the conclusion of the rule holds in every model where both the axioms of the theory and the premises of the rule are true. Hence, by selecting a language to work in we control which development schemata are formalizable, and by selecting a theory we determine which schemata are derivable
Encoding Natural Semantics in Coq
 In Proc. AMAST, LNCS 936
, 1995
"... . We address here the problem of automatically translating the Natural Semantics of programming languages to Coq, in order to prove formally general properties of languages. Natural Semantics [18] is a formalism for specifying semantics of programming languages inspired by Plotkin's Structural Opera ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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. We address here the problem of automatically translating the Natural Semantics of programming languages to Coq, in order to prove formally general properties of languages. Natural Semantics [18] is a formalism for specifying semantics of programming languages inspired by Plotkin's Structural Operational Semantics [22]. The Coq proof development system [12], based on the Calculus of Constructions extended with inductive types (CCind), provides mechanized support including tactics for building goaldirected proofs. Our representation of a language in Coq is inAEuenced by the encoding of logics used by Church [6] and in the Edinburgh Logical Framework (ELF) [15, 3]. 1 Introduction The motivation for our work is the need for an environment to help develop proofs in Natural Semantics. The interactive programming environment generator Centaur [17] allows us to compile a Natural Semantics speciøcation of a given language into executable code (typecheckers, evaluators, compilers, program t...
Subtyping with Power Types
 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science
, 2000
"... This paper introduces a typed #calculus called # Power , a predicative reformulation of part of Cardelli's power type system. Power types integrate subtyping into the typing judgement, allowing bounded abstraction and bounded quantification over both types and terms. This gives a powerful and co ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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This paper introduces a typed #calculus called # Power , a predicative reformulation of part of Cardelli's power type system. Power types integrate subtyping into the typing judgement, allowing bounded abstraction and bounded quantification over both types and terms. This gives a powerful and concise system of dependent types, but leads to di#culty in the metatheory and semantics which has impeded the application of power types so far. Basic properties of # Power are proved here, and it is given a model definition using a form of applicative structures. A particular novelty is the auxiliary system for rough typing, which assigns simple types to terms in # Power . These "rough" types are used to prove strong normalization of the calculus and to structure models, allowing a novel form of containment semantics without a universal domain.