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Triple correlation of the Riemann zeros
"... We use the conjecture of Conrey, Farmer and Zirnbauer for averages of ratios of the Riemann zeta function [11] to calculate all the lower order terms of the triple correlation function of the Riemann zeros. A previous approach was suggested by Bogomolny and Keating [6] taking inspiration from semi ..."
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We use the conjecture of Conrey, Farmer and Zirnbauer for averages of ratios of the Riemann zeta function [11] to calculate all the lower order terms of the triple correlation function of the Riemann zeros. A previous approach was suggested by Bogomolny and Keating [6] taking inspiration from semiclassical methods. At that point they did not write out the answer explicitly, so we do that here, illustrating that by our method all the lower order terms down to the constant can be calculated rigourously if one assumes the ratios conjecture of Conrey, Farmer and Zirnbauer. Bogomolny and Keating [4] returned to their previous results simultaneously with this current work, and have written out the full expression. The result presented in this paper agrees precisely with their formula, as well as with our numerical computations, which we include here. We also include an alternate proof of the triple correlation of eigenvalues from random U(N) matrices which follows a nearly identical method to that for the Riemann zeros, but is based on
Statistical Mechanics of 2+1 Gravity From Riemann Zeta Function and Alexander Polynomial: Exact Results
, 2008
"... In the recent publication (Journal of Geometry and Physics, 33 (2000) 23102) we have demonstrated that dynamics of 2+1 gravity can be described in terms of train tracks. Train tracks were introduced by Thurston in connection with description of dynamics of surface automorphisms. In this work we pro ..."
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In the recent publication (Journal of Geometry and Physics, 33 (2000) 23102) we have demonstrated that dynamics of 2+1 gravity can be described in terms of train tracks. Train tracks were introduced by Thurston in connection with description of dynamics of surface automorphisms. In this work we provide an example of utilization of general formalism developed earlier. The complete exact solution of the model problem describing equilibrium dynamics of train tracks on the punctured torus is obtained. Being guided by similarities between the dynamics of 2d liquid crystals and 2+1 gravity the partition function for gravity is mapped into that for the Farey spin chain. The Farey spin chain partition function, fortunately, is known exactly and has been thoroughly investigated recently. Accordingly, the transition between the pseudoAnosov and the periodic dynamic regime (in Thurston’s terminology) in the case of gravity is being reinterpreted in terms of phase transitions in the Farey spin chain whose partition function is just the ratio of two Riemann zeta functions. The mapping into the spin chain is facilitated by recognition of a special role of the Alexander polynomial for knots/links in study of dynamics of self homeomorphisms of surfaces. At the end of paper, using some facts from the theory of arithmetic hyperbolic 3manifolds ( initiated by Bianchi in 1892), we develop systematic extension of the obtained results to noncompact Riemann surfaces of higher genus. Some of the obtained results are also useful for 3+1 gravity. In particular, using the theorem of Margulis, we provide new reasons for the black hole existence in the Universe: black holes make our Universe arithmetic. That is the discrete Lie groups of motion are arithmetic.
An Elementary and Real Approach to Values of the Riemann Zeta Function ∗
, 812
"... An elementary approach for computing the values at negative integers of the Riemann zeta function is presented. The approach is based on a new method for ordering the integers and a new method for summation of divergent series. We show that the values of the Riemann zeta function can be computed, wi ..."
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An elementary approach for computing the values at negative integers of the Riemann zeta function is presented. The approach is based on a new method for ordering the integers and a new method for summation of divergent series. We show that the values of the Riemann zeta function can be computed, without using the theory of analytic continuation and functions of complex variable.
The Schrödinger Operator with Morse Potential on the Right Half Line
, 2009
"... This paper studies the Schrödinger operator with Morse potential Vk(u) = 1 4 e2u + ke u on a right halfline [u0, ∞), and determines the Weyl asymptotics of eigenvalues for constant boundary conditions at the endpoint u0. In consequence it obtains information on the location of zeros of the Whittak ..."
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This paper studies the Schrödinger operator with Morse potential Vk(u) = 1 4 e2u + ke u on a right halfline [u0, ∞), and determines the Weyl asymptotics of eigenvalues for constant boundary conditions at the endpoint u0. In consequence it obtains information on the location of zeros of the Whittaker function Wκ,µ(x), for fixed real parameters κ,x with x> 0, viewed as an entire function in the complex variable µ. In this case all zeros lie on the imaginary axis, with the exception, if k < 0 of a finite number of real zeros which lie in the interval κ  < k. We obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of zeros N(T) = {ρ  Wκ,ρ(x) = 0, Im(ρ)  < T} of the form N(T) = 2 2 πT log T + π (2log 2−1−log x)T +O(1). Parallels are observed with zeros of the Riemann zeta function.
Knotted zeros in the quantum states of Hydrogen
 Foundations of Physics
"... Complex superpositions of degenerate hydrogen wavefunctions for the nth energy level can possess zero lines (phase singularities) in the form of knots and links. A recipe is given for constructing any torus knot. The simplest cases are constructed explicitly: the elementary link, requiring n6, and t ..."
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Complex superpositions of degenerate hydrogen wavefunctions for the nth energy level can possess zero lines (phase singularities) in the form of knots and links. A recipe is given for constructing any torus knot. The simplest cases are constructed explicitly: the elementary link, requiring n6, and the trefoil knot, requiring n7. The knots are threaded by multistranded twisted chains of zeros. Some speculations about knots in general complex quantum energy eigenfunctions are presented. 1.
Quantum chaos, random matrix theory, and the Riemann ζfunction
, 2010
"... Hilbert and Pólya put forward the idea that the zeros of the Riemann zeta function may have a spectral origin: the values of tn such that 1 2 + itn is a non trivial zero of ζ might be the eigenvalues of a selfadjoint operator. This would imply the Riemann Hypothesis. From the perspective of Physics ..."
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Hilbert and Pólya put forward the idea that the zeros of the Riemann zeta function may have a spectral origin: the values of tn such that 1 2 + itn is a non trivial zero of ζ might be the eigenvalues of a selfadjoint operator. This would imply the Riemann Hypothesis. From the perspective of Physics one might go further and consider the possibility that the operator in question corresponds to the quantization of a classical dynamical system. The first significant evidence in support of this spectral interpretation of the Riemann zeros emerged in the 1950’s in the form of the resemblance between the Selberg trace formula, which relates the eigenvalues of the Laplacian and the closed geodesics of a Riemann surface, and the Weil explicit formula in number theory, which relates the Riemann zeros to the primes. More generally, the Weil explicit formula resembles very closely a general class of Trace Formulae, written down by Gutzwiller, that relate quantum energy levels to classical periodic orbits in chaotic Hamiltonian systems. The second
THE ZETA FUNCTION ON THE CRITICAL LINE: NUMERICAL EVIDENCE FOR MOMENTS AND RANDOM MATRIX THEORY MODELS
"... Abstract. Results of extensive computations of moments of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line are presented. Calculated values are compared with predictions motivated by random matrix theory. The results can help in deciding between those and competing predictions. It is shown that for hi ..."
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Abstract. Results of extensive computations of moments of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line are presented. Calculated values are compared with predictions motivated by random matrix theory. The results can help in deciding between those and competing predictions. It is shown that for high moments and at large heights, the variability of moment values over adjacent intervals is substantial, even when those intervals are long, as long as a block containing 109 zeros near zero number 1023. More than anything else, the variability illustrates the limits of what one can learn about the zeta function from numerical evidence. It is shown the rate of decline of extreme values of the moments is modelled relatively well by power laws. Also, some long range correlations in the values of the second moment, as well as asymptotic oscillations in the values of the shifted fourth moment, are found. The computations described here relied on several representations of the zeta function. The numerical comparison of their effectiveness that is presented is of independent interest, for future large scale computations. 1.
Selberg’s trace formula: an introduction
 Proceedings of the International School ”Quantum Chaos on Hyperbolic Manifolds” (Schloss Reisensburg, Gunzburg
"... The aim of this short lecture course is to develop Selberg’s trace formula for a compact hyperbolic surface M, and discuss some of its applications. The main motivation for our studies is quantum chaos: the LaplaceBeltrami operator − ∆ on the surface M represents the quantum Hamiltonian of a partic ..."
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The aim of this short lecture course is to develop Selberg’s trace formula for a compact hyperbolic surface M, and discuss some of its applications. The main motivation for our studies is quantum chaos: the LaplaceBeltrami operator − ∆ on the surface M represents the quantum Hamiltonian of a particle, whose classical dynamics is governed by the (strongly chaotic) geodesic flow on the unit tangent bundle of M. The trace formula is currently the only available tool to analyze the fine structure of the spectrum of −∆; no individual formulas for its eigenvalues are known. In the case of more general quantum systems, the role of Selberg’s formula is taken over by the semiclassical Gutzwiller trace formula [10], [7]. We begin by reviewing the trace formulas for the simplest compact manifolds, the circle S 1 (Section 1) and the sphere S 2 (Section 2). In both cases, the corresponding geodesic flow is integrable, and the trace formula is a consequence of the Poisson summation formula. In the remaining sections we shall discuss the following topics: the Laplacian on the hyperbolic plane and isometries (Section 3); Green’s functions (Section 4); Selberg’s point pair invariants (Section 5); The ghost of the sphere (Section 6); Linear operators on hyperbolic surfaces (Section 7); A trace formula for hyperbolic cylinders and poles of the scattering matrix (Section 8); Back to general hyperbolic surfaces (Section 9); The spectrum of a compact surface, Selberg’s pretrace and trace formulas (Section 10); Heat kernel and Weyl’s law (Section 11); Density of closed geodesics (Section 12); Trace of the resolvent (Section 13); Selberg’s zeta function (Section 14); Suggestions for exercises and further reading (Section 15). Our main references are Hejhal’s classic lecture notes [12, Chapters one and two], Balazs and Voros ’ excellent introduction [1], and Cartier and Voros’ nouvelle interprétation [6]. Section 15 comprises a list of references for further reading. These notes are based on lectures given at the International School Quantum
RANDOM POLYNOMIALS, RANDOM MATRICES, AND LFUNCTIONS, II
"... Abstract. We show that the Circular Orthogonal Ensemble of random matrices arises naturally from a family of random polynomials. This sheds light on the appearance of random matrix statistics in the zeros of the Riemann zetafunction. 1. ..."
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Abstract. We show that the Circular Orthogonal Ensemble of random matrices arises naturally from a family of random polynomials. This sheds light on the appearance of random matrix statistics in the zeros of the Riemann zetafunction. 1.