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An Overview of Evolutionary Algorithms in Multiobjective Optimization
 Evolutionary Computation
, 1995
"... The application of evolutionary algorithms (EAs) in multiobjective optimization is currently receiving growing interest from researchers with various backgrounds. Most research in this area has understandably concentrated on the selection stage of EAs, due to the need to integrate vectorial performa ..."
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Cited by 488 (13 self)
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The application of evolutionary algorithms (EAs) in multiobjective optimization is currently receiving growing interest from researchers with various backgrounds. Most research in this area has understandably concentrated on the selection stage of EAs, due to the need to integrate vectorial performance measures with the inherently scalar way in which EAs reward individual performance, i.e., number of offspring. In this review, current multiobjective evolutionary approaches are discussed, ranging from the conventional analytical aggregation of the different objectives into a single function to a number of populationbased approaches and the more recent ranking schemes based on the definition of Paretooptimality. The sensitivity of different methods to
Costsensitive classification: Empirical evaluation of a hybrid genetic decision tree induction algorithm
 JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH
, 1995
"... This paper introduces ICET, a new algorithm for costsensitive classification. ICET uses a genetic algorithm to evolve a population of biases for a decision tree induction algorithm. The fitness ..."
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Cited by 185 (6 self)
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This paper introduces ICET, a new algorithm for costsensitive classification. ICET uses a genetic algorithm to evolve a population of biases for a decision tree induction algorithm. The fitness
Learning to Adapt to Changing Environments in Evolving Neural Networks
 Adaptive Behavior
, 1997
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Evolutionary function approximation for reinforcement learning
 Journal of Machine Learning Research
, 2006
"... Ø�ÓÒ�ÔÔÖÓÜ�Ñ�Ø�ÓÒ�ÒÓÚ�Ð�ÔÔÖÓ��ØÓ�ÙØÓÑ�Ø��ÐÐÝ× � Ø�ÓÒ�Ð���×�ÓÒ×Ì��×Ø��×�×�ÒÚ�×Ø���Ø�×�ÚÓÐÙØ�ÓÒ�ÖÝ�ÙÒ �Ò�ÓÖ�Ñ�ÒØÐ��ÖÒ�Ò�ÔÖÓ�Ð�Ñ×�Ö�Ø��×Ù�×�ØÓ�Ø��×�Ø�×� × ÁÒÑ�ÒÝÑ���Ò�Ð��ÖÒ�Ò�ÔÖÓ�Ð�Ñ×�Ò���ÒØÑÙ×ØÐ��ÖÒ Ñ�ÒØ���Ò×Ø�ÒØ��Ø�ÓÒÓ��ÚÓÐÙØ�ÓÒ�ÖÝ�ÙÒØ�ÓÒ�ÔÔÖÓÜ�Ñ � Ù�Ð×Ø��Ø�Ö���ØØ�Ö��Ð�ØÓÐ��ÖÒÁÔÖ�×�ÒØ��ÙÐÐÝ�ÑÔÐ � Ø�Ó ..."
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Cited by 106 (16 self)
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Ø�ÓÒ�ÔÔÖÓÜ�Ñ�Ø�ÓÒ�ÒÓÚ�Ð�ÔÔÖÓ��ØÓ�ÙØÓÑ�Ø��ÐÐÝ× � Ø�ÓÒ�Ð���×�ÓÒ×Ì��×Ø��×�×�ÒÚ�×Ø���Ø�×�ÚÓÐÙØ�ÓÒ�ÖÝ�ÙÒ �Ò�ÓÖ�Ñ�ÒØÐ��ÖÒ�Ò�ÔÖÓ�Ð�Ñ×�Ö�Ø��×Ù�×�ØÓ�Ø��×�Ø�×� × ÁÒÑ�ÒÝÑ���Ò�Ð��ÖÒ�Ò�ÔÖÓ�Ð�Ñ×�Ò���ÒØÑÙ×ØÐ��ÖÒ Ñ�ÒØ���Ò×Ø�ÒØ��Ø�ÓÒÓ��ÚÓÐÙØ�ÓÒ�ÖÝ�ÙÒØ�ÓÒ�ÔÔÖÓÜ�Ñ � Ù�Ð×Ø��Ø�Ö���ØØ�Ö��Ð�ØÓÐ��ÖÒÁÔÖ�×�ÒØ��ÙÐÐÝ�ÑÔÐ � Ø�ÓÒÛ���ÓÑ��Ò�×Æ��Ì�Ò�ÙÖÓ�ÚÓÐÙØ�ÓÒ�ÖÝÓÔØ�Ñ�Þ � Ð�Ø�Ò��ÙÒØ�ÓÒ�ÔÔÖÓÜ�Ñ�ØÓÖÖ�ÔÖ�×�ÒØ�Ø�ÓÒ×Ø��Ø�Ò��Ð� Ø�ÓÒØ��Ò�ÕÙ�Û�Ø�ÉÐ��ÖÒ�Ò��ÔÓÔÙÐ�ÖÌ�Ñ�Ø�Ó�Ì� � �Æ��ÒØ�Ò��Ú��Ù�ÐÐ��ÖÒ�Ò�Ì��×Ñ�Ø�Ó��ÚÓÐÚ�×�Ò��Ú� � ÓÔØ�Ñ�Þ�Ø�ÓÒ��ÐÐ�ÒØ��×�Ø��ÓÖÝ��Ú�ÐÓÔ�Ò��«�Ø�Ú�Ö��Ò �ÓÖÁÒ×Ø����ØÖ���Ú�×ÓÒÐÝÔÓ×�Ø�Ú��Ò�Ò���Ø�Ú�Ö�Û�Ö� × ÔÖÓ�Ð�Ñ××Ù��×ÖÓ�ÓØÓÒØÖÓÐ��Ñ�ÔÐ�Ý�Ò��Ò�×Ý×Ø�Ñ �ÒÛ���Ø�����ÒØÒ�Ú�Ö×��×�Ü�ÑÔÐ�×Ó�ÓÖÖ�Ø����Ú 1.
Lamarckian Evolution, The Baldwin Effect and Function Optimization
, 1994
"... We compare two forms of hybrid genetic search. The first uses Lamarckian evolution, while the second uses a related method where local search is employed to change the fitness of strings, but the acquired improvements do not change the genetic encoding of the individual. ..."
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Cited by 85 (1 self)
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We compare two forms of hybrid genetic search. The first uses Lamarckian evolution, while the second uses a related method where local search is employed to change the fitness of strings, but the acquired improvements do not change the genetic encoding of the individual.
A Parallel Genetic Algorithm for the Set Partitioning Problem
, 1994
"... In this dissertation we report on our efforts to develop a parallel genetic algorithm and apply it to the solution of the set partitioning problema difficult combinatorial optimization problem used by many airlines as a mathematical model for flight crew scheduling. We developed a distributed stea ..."
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Cited by 81 (2 self)
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In this dissertation we report on our efforts to develop a parallel genetic algorithm and apply it to the solution of the set partitioning problema difficult combinatorial optimization problem used by many airlines as a mathematical model for flight crew scheduling. We developed a distributed steadystate genetic algorithm in conjunction with a specialized local search heuristic for solving the set partitioning problem. The genetic algorithm is based on an island model where multiple independent subpopulations each run a steadystate genetic algorithm on their own subpopulation and occasionally fit strings migrate between the subpopulations. Tests on forty realworld set partitioning problems were carried out on up to 128 nodes of an IBM SP1 parallel computer. We found that performance, as measured by the quality of the solution found and the iteration on which it was found, improved as additional subpopulations were added to the computation. With larger numbers of subpopulations the genetic algorithm was regularly able to find the optimal solution to problems having up to a few thousand integer variables. In two cases, highquality integer feasible solutions were found for problems with 36,699 and 43,749 integer variables, respectively. A notable limitation we found was the difficulty solving problems with many constraints.
Hybrid learning using genetic algorithms and decision trees for pattern classification
 IJCAI 95, Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
, 1995
"... This paper introduces a hybrid learning methodology that integrates genetic algorithms (GAs) and decision tree learning (ID3) in order to evolve optimal subsets of discriminatory features for robust pattern classification. A GA is used to search the space of all possible subsets of a large set of ca ..."
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Cited by 51 (2 self)
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This paper introduces a hybrid learning methodology that integrates genetic algorithms (GAs) and decision tree learning (ID3) in order to evolve optimal subsets of discriminatory features for robust pattern classification. A GA is used to search the space of all possible subsets of a large set of candidate discrimination features. For a given feature subset, ID3 is invoked to produce a decision tree. The classification performance of the decision tree on unseen data is used as a measure of fitness for the given feature set, which, in turn, is used by the GA to evolve better feature sets. This GAID3 process iterates until a feature subset is found with satisfactory classification performance. Experimental results are presented which illustrate the feasibility of our approach on difficult problems involving recognizing visual concepts in satellite and facial image data. The results also show improved classification performance and reduced description complexity when compared against standard methods for feature selection. 1
Financial forecasting using genetic algorithms
 Applied Artificial Intelligence
, 1996
"... A new geneticalgorithmb ased system is presented and applied to the task of predicting the future performances of individual stocks. The system, in its most general form, can be applied to any inductive machinelearning problem: given a database of examples, the system will return a general descri ..."
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Cited by 39 (0 self)
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A new geneticalgorithmb ased system is presented and applied to the task of predicting the future performances of individual stocks. The system, in its most general form, can be applied to any inductive machinelearning problem: given a database of examples, the system will return a general description applicable to examples both within and outside the database. This differs from traditional genetic algorithms, which perform optimization. The genetic algorithm system is compared to an established neural network system in the domain of financial forecasting, using the results from over 1600 stocks and roughly 5000 experiments. Synergy between the two systems is also examined. This study presents a new system that utilizes genetic algorithms (GAs) to predict the future performances of individual stocks. More generally, the system extends GAs from their traditional domain of optimization to inductive machine learning or classification. The overall learning system incorporates a GA, a niching method (for finding multiple solutions), and several other components (discussed in the section entitled Genetic Algorithms for Inductive Learning). Timeseries forecasting is a special type of classification on which this study
Hierarchical Learning with Procedural Abstraction Mechanisms
, 1997
"... Evolutionary computation (EC) consists of the design and analysis of probabilistic algorithms inspired by the principles of natural selection and variation. Genetic Programming (GP) is one subfield of EC that emphasizes desirable features such as the use of procedural representations, the capability ..."
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Cited by 37 (2 self)
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Evolutionary computation (EC) consists of the design and analysis of probabilistic algorithms inspired by the principles of natural selection and variation. Genetic Programming (GP) is one subfield of EC that emphasizes desirable features such as the use of procedural representations, the capability to discover and exploit intrinsic characteristics of the application domain, and the flexibility to adapt the shape and complexity of learned models. Approaches that learn monolithic representations are considerably less likely to be effective for complex problems, and standard GP is no exception. The main goal of this dissertation is to extend GP capabilities with automatic mechanisms to cope with problems of increasing complexity. Humans succeed here by skillfully using hierarchical decomposition and abstraction mechanisms. The translation of such mechanisms into a general computer implementation is a tremendous challenge, which requires a firm understanding of the interplay between repr...