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On the design of CGAL a computational geometry algorithms library
 Softw. – Pract. Exp
, 1998
"... CGAL is a Computational Geometry Algorithms Library written in C++, which is being developed by research groups in Europe and Israel. The goal is to make the large body of geometric algorithms developed in the field of computational geometry available for industrial application. We discuss the major ..."
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Cited by 90 (15 self)
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CGAL is a Computational Geometry Algorithms Library written in C++, which is being developed by research groups in Europe and Israel. The goal is to make the large body of geometric algorithms developed in the field of computational geometry available for industrial application. We discuss the major design goals for CGAL, which are correctness, flexibility, easeofuse, efficiency, and robustness, and present our approach to reach these goals. Generic programming using templates in C++ plays a central role in the architecture of CGAL. We give a short introduction to generic programming in C++, compare it to the objectoriented programming paradigm, and present examples where both paradigms are used effectively in CGAL. Moreover, we give an overview of the current structure of the CGALlibrary and consider software engineering aspects in the CGALproject. Copyright c ○ 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEY WORDS: computational geometry; software library; C++; generic programming;
A Core Library For Robust Numeric and Geometric Computation
 In 15th ACM Symp. on Computational Geometry
, 1999
"... Nonrobustness is a wellknown problem in many areas of computational science. Until now, robustness techniques and the construction of robust algorithms have been the province of experts in this field of research. We describe a new C/C++ library (Core) for robust numeric and geometric computation ba ..."
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Cited by 62 (9 self)
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Nonrobustness is a wellknown problem in many areas of computational science. Until now, robustness techniques and the construction of robust algorithms have been the province of experts in this field of research. We describe a new C/C++ library (Core) for robust numeric and geometric computation based on the principles of Exact Geometric Computation (EGC). Through our library, for the first time, any programmer can write robust and efficient algorithms. The Core Library is based on a novel numerical core that is powerful enough to support EGC for algebraic problems. This is coupled with a simple delivery mechanism which transparently extends conventional C/C++ programs into robust codes. We are currently addressing efficiency issues in our library: (a) at the compiler and language level, (b) at the level of incorporating EGC techniques, as well as the (c) the system integration of both (a) and (b). Pilot experimental results are described. The basic library is available at http://cs.nyu.edu...
Using Generic Programming for Designing a Data Structure for Polyhedral Surfaces
 Comput. Geom. Theory Appl
, 1999
"... Appeared in Computational Geometry  Theory and Applications 13, 1999, 6590. Software design solutions are presented for combinatorial data structures, such as polyhedral surfaces and planar maps, tailored for program libraries in computational geometry. Design issues considered are flexibility, ..."
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Cited by 47 (6 self)
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Appeared in Computational Geometry  Theory and Applications 13, 1999, 6590. Software design solutions are presented for combinatorial data structures, such as polyhedral surfaces and planar maps, tailored for program libraries in computational geometry. Design issues considered are flexibility, time and space efficiency, and easeofuse. We focus on topological aspects of polyhedral surfaces and evaluate edgebased representations with respect to our design goals. A design for polyhedral surfaces in a halfedge data structure is developed following the generic programming paradigm known from the Standard Template Library STL for C++. Connections are shown to planar maps and facebased structures. Key words: Library design; Generic programming; Combinatorial data structure; Polyhedral surface; Halfedge data structure 1 Introduction Combinatorial structures, such as planar maps, are fundamental in computational geometry. In order to be useful in practice, a solid library for compu...
Designing a Data Structure for Polyhedral Surfaces
 In Proc. 14th Annu. ACM Sympos. Comput. Geom
, 1998
"... Design solutions for a program library are presented for combinatorial data structures in computational geometry, such as planar maps and polyhedral surfaces. Design issues considered are genericity, flexibility, time and space efficiency, and easeofuse. We focus on topological aspects of polyhedr ..."
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Cited by 31 (2 self)
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Design solutions for a program library are presented for combinatorial data structures in computational geometry, such as planar maps and polyhedral surfaces. Design issues considered are genericity, flexibility, time and space efficiency, and easeofuse. We focus on topological aspects of polyhedral surfaces. Edgebased representations for polyhedrons are evaluated with respect to the design goals. A design for polyhedral surfaces in a halfedge data structure is developed following the generic programming paradigm known from the Standard Template Library STL for C++. Connections are shown to planar maps and facebased structures managing holes in facets. 1 Introduction Combinatorial structures, such as planar maps, are fundamental in computational geometry. In order to use computational geometry in practice, a solid library must provide generic and flexible solutions as one of its fundamental cornerstones. Other design criteria are time and space efficiency. Easeofuse is necessar...
Robust Geometric Computing in Motion
, 2000
"... In this paper we discuss the gap between the theory and practice of geometric algorithms. We then describe effors to settle this gap and facilitate the successful implementation of geometric algorithms in general and of algorithms for geometric arrangements and motion planning in particular. ..."
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Cited by 24 (2 self)
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In this paper we discuss the gap between the theory and practice of geometric algorithms. We then describe effors to settle this gap and facilitate the successful implementation of geometric algorithms in general and of algorithms for geometric arrangements and motion planning in particular.
Applications of Computational Geometry to Geographic Information Systems
"... Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Map Data Modeling 4 2.1 TwoDimensional Spatial Entities and Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2 Raster and Vector Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3 Subdivisions as Cell Complexes . . . . . . . ..."
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Cited by 22 (1 self)
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Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Map Data Modeling 4 2.1 TwoDimensional Spatial Entities and Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2 Raster and Vector Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3 Subdivisions as Cell Complexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.4 Topological Data Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.5 Multiresolution Data Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3 Map data processing 8 3.1 Spatial Queries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.2 Map Overlay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.3 Geometric Problems in Map Generalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.4 Map Labeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Efficient Exact Geometric Computation Made Easy
, 1999
"... We show that the combination of the Cgal framework for geometric computation and the number type leda_real yields easytowrite, correct and efficient geometric programs. ..."
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Cited by 21 (5 self)
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We show that the combination of the Cgal framework for geometric computation and the number type leda_real yields easytowrite, correct and efficient geometric programs.
Contour Edge Analysis for Polyhedron Projections
 Geometric Modeling: Theory and Practice
, 1997
"... . Given a polyhedron (in 3space) and a view point, an edge of the polyhedron is called contour edge, if one of the two incident facets is directed towards the view point, and the other incident facet is directed away from the view point. Algorithms on polyhedra can exploit the fact that the number ..."
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Cited by 20 (3 self)
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. Given a polyhedron (in 3space) and a view point, an edge of the polyhedron is called contour edge, if one of the two incident facets is directed towards the view point, and the other incident facet is directed away from the view point. Algorithms on polyhedra can exploit the fact that the number of contour edges is usually much smaller than the overall number of edges. The main goal of this paper is to provide evidence for (and quantify) the claim, that the number of contour edges is small in many situations. An asymptotic analysis of polyhedral approximations of a sphere with Hausdorff distance " shows that while the required number of edges for such an approximation grows like \Theta(1="), the number of contour edges in a random orthogonal projection is \Theta(1= p " ). In an experimental study we investigate a number of polyhedral objects from several application areas. We analyze the expected number of contour edges and the expected number of intersections of contour edges in ...
Applications of the Generic Programming Paradigm in the Design of CGAL
, 1998
"... We report on the use of the generic programming paradigm in the computational geometry algorithms library cgal. The parameterization of the geometric algorithms in cgal enhances exibility and adaptability and opens an easy way for abolishing precision and robustness problems by exact but neverthe ..."
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Cited by 15 (2 self)
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We report on the use of the generic programming paradigm in the computational geometry algorithms library cgal. The parameterization of the geometric algorithms in cgal enhances exibility and adaptability and opens an easy way for abolishing precision and robustness problems by exact but nevertheless ecient computation. Furthermore we discuss circulators, which are an extension of the iterator concept to circular structures. Such structures arise frequently in geometric computing. 1 Introduction cgal is a C++ library of geometric algorithms and data structures. It is developed by several sites in Europe and Israel. The goal is to enhance the technology transfer of the algorithmic knowledge developed in the eld of computational geometry to applications in industry and academia. Computational geometry is the subarea of algorithm design that deals with the design and analysis of algorithms for geometric problems involving objects like points, lines, polygons, and polyhedra. Ove...