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The Virtues of Etaexpansion
, 1993
"... Interpreting jconversion as an expansion rule in the simplytyped calculus maintains the confluence of reduction in a richer type structure. This use of expansions is supported by categorical models of reduction, where ficontraction, as the local counit, and jexpansion, as the local unit, are li ..."
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Cited by 36 (4 self)
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Interpreting jconversion as an expansion rule in the simplytyped calculus maintains the confluence of reduction in a richer type structure. This use of expansions is supported by categorical models of reduction, where ficontraction, as the local counit, and jexpansion, as the local unit, are linked by local triangle laws. The latter form reduction loops, but strong normalisation (to the long fijnormal forms) can be recovered by "cutting" the loops.
Monads and Modular Term Rewriting
, 1997
"... . Monads can be used to model term rewriting systems by generalising the wellknown equivalence between universal algebra and monads on the category Set. In [Lu96], the usefulness of this semantics was demonstrated by giving a purely categorical proof of the modularity of confluence for the disjoint ..."
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Cited by 20 (13 self)
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. Monads can be used to model term rewriting systems by generalising the wellknown equivalence between universal algebra and monads on the category Set. In [Lu96], the usefulness of this semantics was demonstrated by giving a purely categorical proof of the modularity of confluence for the disjoint union of term rewriting systems (Toyama's theorem). This paper provides further support for the use of monads in term rewriting by giving a categorical proof of the most general theorem concerning the modularity of strong normalisation. In the process, we also improve upon some technical aspects of the earlier work. 1 Introduction Term rewriting systems (TRSs) are widely used throughout computer science as they provide an abstract model of computation while retaining a relatively simple syntax and semantics. Reasoning about large term rewriting systems can be very difficult and an alternative is to define structuring operations which build large term rewriting systems from smaller ones. Of...
A Semantics for Static Type Inference
 Information and Computation
, 1993
"... Curry's system for Fdeducibility is the basis for static type inference algorithms for programming languages such as ML. If a natural "preservation of types by conversion" rule is added to Curry's system, it becomes undecidable, but complete relative to a variety of model cl ..."
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Cited by 10 (0 self)
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Curry's system for Fdeducibility is the basis for static type inference algorithms for programming languages such as ML. If a natural "preservation of types by conversion" rule is added to Curry's system, it becomes undecidable, but complete relative to a variety of model classes. We show completeness for Curry's system itself, relative to an extended notion of model that validates reduction but not conversion.
Formal Software Development: From Foundations to Tools
"... This exposé gives an overview of the author’s contributions to the area of formal software development. These range from foundational issues dealing with abstract models of computation to practical engineering issues concerned with tool integration and user interface design. We can distinguish three ..."
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This exposé gives an overview of the author’s contributions to the area of formal software development. These range from foundational issues dealing with abstract models of computation to practical engineering issues concerned with tool integration and user interface design. We can distinguish three lines of work: Firstly, there is foundational work, centred around categorical models of rewriting. A new semantics for rewriting is developed, which abstracts over the concrete term structure while still being able to express key concepts such as variable, layer and substitution. It is based on the concept of a monad, which is wellknown in category theory to model algebraic theories. We generalise this treatment to term rewriting systems, infinitary terms, term graphs, and other forms of rewriting. The semantics finds applications in functional programming, where monads are used to model computational features such as state, exceptions and I/O, and modularity proofs, where
Monads and Modular Term Rewriting
, 1997
"... . Monads can be used to model term rewriting systems by generalising the wellknown equivalence between universal algebra and monads on the category Set. In [Lu96], this semantics was used to give a purely categorical proof of the modularity of confluence for the disjoint union of term rewriting sys ..."
Abstract
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. Monads can be used to model term rewriting systems by generalising the wellknown equivalence between universal algebra and monads on the category Set. In [Lu96], this semantics was used to give a purely categorical proof of the modularity of confluence for the disjoint union of term rewriting systems. This paper provides further support for monadic semantics of rewriting by giving a categorical proof of the most general theorem concerning the modularity of strong normalisation. In the process, we improve upon the technical aspects of earlier work. 1 Introduction Term rewriting systems (TRSs) are widely used throughout computer science as they provide an abstract model of computation while retaining a relatively simple syntax and semantics. Reasoning about large term rewriting systems can be very difficult and an alternative is to define structuring operations which build large term rewriting systems from smaller ones. Of particular interest is whether key properties are modular, th...
betaetaEquality for Coproducts
 In Typed calculus and Applications, number 902 in Lecture Notes in Computer Science
, 1995
"... . Recently several researchers have investigated fijequality for the simply typed calculus with exponentials, products and unit types. In these works, jconversion was interpreted as an expansion with syntactic restrictions imposed to prevent the expansion of introduction terms or terms which for ..."
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. Recently several researchers have investigated fijequality for the simply typed calculus with exponentials, products and unit types. In these works, jconversion was interpreted as an expansion with syntactic restrictions imposed to prevent the expansion of introduction terms or terms which form the major premise of elimination rules. The resulting rewrite relation was shown confluent and strongly normalising to the long fijnormal forms. Thus reduction to normal form provides a decision procedure for fijequality. This paper extends these methods to sum types. Although this extension was originally thought to be straight forward, the proposed jrule for the sum is substantially more complex than that for the exponent or product and contains features not present in the previous systems. Not only is there a facility for expanding terms of sum type analogous to that for product and exponential, but also the ability to permute the order in which different subterms of sum type are e...
Categorical Term Rewriting:
, 1997
"... Abstract Term rewriting systems are widely used throughout computer science as they provide an abstract model of computation while retaining a comparatively simple syntax and semantics. In order to reason within large term rewriting systems, structuring operations are used to build large term rewrit ..."
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Abstract Term rewriting systems are widely used throughout computer science as they provide an abstract model of computation while retaining a comparatively simple syntax and semantics. In order to reason within large term rewriting systems, structuring operations are used to build large term rewriting systems from smaller ones. Of particular interest is whether key properties are modular, that is, if the components of a structured term rewriting system satisfy a property, then does the term rewriting system as a whole? A body of literature addresses this problem, but most of the results and proofs depend on strong syntactic conditions and do not easily generalize. Although many specific modularity results are known, a coherent framework which explains the underlying principles behind these results is lacking. This thesis posits that part of the problem is the usual, concrete and syntaxoriented semantics of term rewriting systems, and that a semantics is needed which on the one hand elides unnecessary syntactic details but on the other hand still possesses enough expressive power to model the key concepts arising from the term structure, such as substitutions, layers, redexes etc. Drawing on the concepts of category theory, such a semantics is proposed, based on the concept of a monad, generalising the very elegant treatment of equational presentations in category theory. The theoretical basis of this work is the theory of enriched monads. It is shown how structuring operations are modelled on the level of monads, and that the semantics is compositional (it preserves the structuring operations). Modularity results can now be obtained directly at the level of combining monads without recourse to the syntax at all. As an application and demonstration of the usefulness of this approach, two modularity results for the disjoint union of two term rewriting systems are proven, the modularity of confluence (Toyama's theorem) and the modularity of strong normalization for a particular class of term rewriting systems (noncollapsing term rewriting systems). The proofs in the categorical setting provide a mild generalisation of these results.
Categorical Term Rewriting:
, 1997
"... Abstract Term rewriting systems are widely used throughout computer science as they provide an abstract model of computation while retaining a comparatively simple syntax and semantics. In order to reason within large term rewriting systems, structuring operations are used to build large term rewrit ..."
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Abstract Term rewriting systems are widely used throughout computer science as they provide an abstract model of computation while retaining a comparatively simple syntax and semantics. In order to reason within large term rewriting systems, structuring operations are used to build large term rewriting systems from smaller ones. Of particular interest is whether key properties are modular, that is, if the components of a structured term rewriting system satisfy a property, then does the term rewriting system as a whole? A body of literature addresses this problem, but most of the results and proofs depend on strong syntactic conditions and do not easily generalize. Although many specific modularity results are known, a coherent framework which explains the underlying principles behind these results is lacking. This thesis posits that part of the problem is the usual, concrete and syntaxoriented semantics of term rewriting systems, and that a semantics is needed which on the one hand elides unnecessary syntactic details but on the other hand still possesses enough expressive power to model the key concepts arising from the term structure, such as substitutions, layers, redexes etc. Drawing on the concepts of category theory, such a semantics is proposed, based on the concept of a monad, generalising the very elegant treatment of equational presentations in category theory. The theoretical basis of this work is the theory of enriched monads. It is shown how structuring operations are modelled on the level of monads, and that the semantics is compositional (it preserves the structuring operations). Modularity results can now be obtained directly at the level of combining monads without recourse to the syntax at all. As an application and demonstration of the usefulness of this approach, two modularity results for the disjoint union of two term rewriting systems are proven, the modularity of confluence (Toyama's theorem) and the modularity of strong normalization for a particular class of term rewriting systems (noncollapsing term rewriting systems). The proofs in the categorical setting provide a mild generalisation of these results.
Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 290–312. REWRITING VIA COINSERTERS
"... Abstract. This paper introduces a semantics for rewriting that is independent of the data being rewritten and which, nevertheless, models key concepts such as substitution which are central to rewriting algorithms. We demonstrate the naturalness of this construction by showing how it mirrors the usu ..."
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Abstract. This paper introduces a semantics for rewriting that is independent of the data being rewritten and which, nevertheless, models key concepts such as substitution which are central to rewriting algorithms. We demonstrate the naturalness of this construction by showing how it mirrors the usual treatment of algebraic theories as coequalizers of monads. We also demonstrate its naturalness by showing how it captures several canonical forms of rewriting.