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97
Subtyping recursive types
 ACM TRANSACTIONS ON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES AND SYSTEMS
, 1993
"... We investigate the interactions of subtyping and recursive types, in a simply typed λcalculus. The two fundamental questions here are whether two (recursive) types are in the subtype relation, and whether a term has a type. To address the first question, we relate various definitions of type equiva ..."
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Cited by 308 (8 self)
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We investigate the interactions of subtyping and recursive types, in a simply typed λcalculus. The two fundamental questions here are whether two (recursive) types are in the subtype relation, and whether a term has a type. To address the first question, we relate various definitions of type equivalence and subtyping that are induced by a model, an ordering on infinite trees, an algorithm, and a set of type rules. We show soundness and completeness between the rules, the algorithm, and the tree semantics. We also prove soundness and a restricted form of completeness for the model. To address the second question, we show that to every pair of types in the subtype relation we can associate a term whose denotation is the uniquely determined coercion map between the two types. Moreover, we derive an algorithm that, when given a term with implicit coercions, can infer its least
Compiling polymorphism using intensional type analysis
 In Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages
, 1995
"... The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as ..."
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Cited by 260 (18 self)
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The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as
A Linearly Typed Assembly Language
 In Workshop on Types in Compilation
"... Today's typesafe lowlevel languages rely on garbage collection to recycle heapallocated objects safely. We present LTAL, a safe, lowlevel, yet simple language that "stands on its own": it guarantees safe execution within a fixed memory space, without relying on external runtime support. We demo ..."
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Cited by 145 (35 self)
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Today's typesafe lowlevel languages rely on garbage collection to recycle heapallocated objects safely. We present LTAL, a safe, lowlevel, yet simple language that "stands on its own": it guarantees safe execution within a fixed memory space, without relying on external runtime support. We demonstrate the expressiveness of LTAL by giving a typepreserving compiler for the functional core of ML. But this independence comes at a steep price: LTAL's type system imposes a draconian discipline of linearity that ensures that memory can be reused safely, but prohibits any useful kind of sharing. We present the results of experiments with a prototype LTAL system that show just how high the price of linearity can be.
A Paradigmatic ObjectOriented Programming Language: Design, Static Typing and Semantics
 Journal of Functional Programming
, 1993
"... In order to illuminate the fundamental concepts involved in objectoriented programming languages, we describe the design of TOOPL, a paradigmatic, staticallytyped, functional, objectoriented programming language which supports classes, objects, methods, hidden instance variables, subtypes, and in ..."
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Cited by 118 (9 self)
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In order to illuminate the fundamental concepts involved in objectoriented programming languages, we describe the design of TOOPL, a paradigmatic, staticallytyped, functional, objectoriented programming language which supports classes, objects, methods, hidden instance variables, subtypes, and inheritance. It has proven to be quite difficult to design such a language which has a secure type system. A particular problem with statically type checking objectoriented languages is designing typechecking rules which ensure that methods provided in a superclass will continue to be type correct when inherited in a subclass. The typechecking rules for TOOPL have this feature, enabling library suppliers to provide only the interfaces of classes with actual executable code, while still allowing users to safely create subclasses. In order to achieve greater expressibility while retaining typesafety, we choose to separate the inheritance and subtyping hierarchy in the language. The design of...
Bounded Quantification is Undecidable
 Information and Computation
, 1993
"... F is a typed calculus with subtyping and bounded secondorder polymorphism. First proposed by Cardelli and Wegner, it has been widely studied as a core calculus for type systems with subtyping. Curien and Ghelli proved the partial correctness of a recursive procedure for computing minimal types of ..."
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Cited by 102 (9 self)
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F is a typed calculus with subtyping and bounded secondorder polymorphism. First proposed by Cardelli and Wegner, it has been widely studied as a core calculus for type systems with subtyping. Curien and Ghelli proved the partial correctness of a recursive procedure for computing minimal types of F terms and showed that the termination of this procedure is equivalent to the termination of its major component, a procedure for checking the subtype relation between F types. This procedure was thought to terminate on all inputs, but the discovery of a subtle bug in a purported proof of this claim recently reopened the question of the decidability of subtyping, and hence of typechecking. This question is settled here in the negative, using a reduction from the halting problem for twocounter Turing machines to show that the subtype relation of F is undecidable. 1 Introduction The notion of bounded quantification was introduced by Cardelli and Wegner [16] in the language Fun. Based on i...
A temporallogic approach to bindingtime analysis
 In Proceedings, 11 th Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science
, 1996
"... is permitted for educational or research use on condition that this copyright notice is included in any copy. See back inner page for a list of recent publications in the BRICS Report Series. Copies may be obtained by contacting: BRICS ..."
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Cited by 80 (5 self)
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is permitted for educational or research use on condition that this copyright notice is included in any copy. See back inner page for a list of recent publications in the BRICS Report Series. Copies may be obtained by contacting: BRICS
System F with type equality coercions
, 2007
"... We introduce System FC, which extends System F with support for nonsyntactic type equality. There are two main extensions: (i) explicit witnesses for type equalities, and (ii) open, nonparametric type functions, given meaning by toplevel equality axioms. Unlike System F, FC is expressive enough to ..."
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Cited by 75 (25 self)
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We introduce System FC, which extends System F with support for nonsyntactic type equality. There are two main extensions: (i) explicit witnesses for type equalities, and (ii) open, nonparametric type functions, given meaning by toplevel equality axioms. Unlike System F, FC is expressive enough to serve as a target for several different sourcelanguage features, including Haskell’s newtype, generalised algebraic data types, associated types, functional dependencies, and perhaps more besides.
Subtyping Dependent Types
, 2000
"... The need for subtyping in typesystems with dependent types has been realized for some years. But it is hard to prove that systems combining the two features have fundamental properties such as subject reduction. Here we investigate a subtyping extension of the system *P, which is an abstract versio ..."
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Cited by 70 (6 self)
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The need for subtyping in typesystems with dependent types has been realized for some years. But it is hard to prove that systems combining the two features have fundamental properties such as subject reduction. Here we investigate a subtyping extension of the system *P, which is an abstract version of the type system of the Edinburgh Logical Framework LF. By using an equivalent formulation, we establish some important properties of the new system *P^, including subject reduction. Our analysis culminates in a complete and terminating algorithm which establishes the decidability of typechecking.
Programming with Intersection Types and Bounded Polymorphism
, 1991
"... representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government. ..."
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Cited by 67 (4 self)
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representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government.
Intersection Types and Computational Effects
, 2000
"... We show that standard formulations of intersection type systems are unsound in the presence of computational effects, and propose a solution similar to the value restriction for polymorphism adopted in the revised definition of Standard ML. It differs in that it is not tied to letexpressions and re ..."
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Cited by 65 (6 self)
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We show that standard formulations of intersection type systems are unsound in the presence of computational effects, and propose a solution similar to the value restriction for polymorphism adopted in the revised definition of Standard ML. It differs in that it is not tied to letexpressions and requires an additional weakening of the usual subtyping rules. We also present a bidirectional typechecking algorithm for the resulting language that does not require an excessive amount of type annotations and illustrate it through some examples. We further show that the type assignment system can be extended to incorporate parametric polymorphism. Taken together, we see our system and associated typechecking algorithm as a significant step towards the introduction of intersection types into realistic programming languages. The added expressive power would allow many more properties of programs to be stated by the programmer and statically verified by a compiler.