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Maude: Specification and Programming in Rewriting Logic
, 2001
"... Maude is a highlevel language and a highperformance system supporting executable specification and declarative programming in rewriting logic. Since rewriting logic contains equational logic, Maude also supports equational specification and programming in its sublanguage of functional modules and ..."
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Cited by 174 (62 self)
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Maude is a highlevel language and a highperformance system supporting executable specification and declarative programming in rewriting logic. Since rewriting logic contains equational logic, Maude also supports equational specification and programming in its sublanguage of functional modules and theories. The underlying equational logic chosen for Maude is membership equational logic, that has sorts, subsorts, operator overloading, and partiality definable by membership and equality conditions. Rewriting logic is reflective, in the sense of being able to express its own metalevel at the object level. Reflection is systematically exploited in Maude endowing the language with powerful metaprogramming capabilities, including both userdefinable module operations and declarative strategies to guide the deduction process. This paper explains and illustrates with examples the main concepts of Maude's language design, including its underlying logic, functional, system and objectoriented modules, as well as parameterized modules, theories, and views. We also explain how Maude supports reflection, metaprogramming and internal strategies. The paper outlines the principles underlying the Maude system implementation, including its semicompilation techniques. We conclude with some remarks about applications, work on a formal environment for Maude, and a mobile language extension of Maude.
Rewriting Logic as a Logical and Semantic Framework
, 1993
"... Rewriting logic [72] is proposed as a logical framework in which other logics can be represented, and as a semantic framework for the specification of languages and systems. Using concepts from the theory of general logics [70], representations of an object logic L in a framework logic F are und ..."
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Cited by 147 (52 self)
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Rewriting logic [72] is proposed as a logical framework in which other logics can be represented, and as a semantic framework for the specification of languages and systems. Using concepts from the theory of general logics [70], representations of an object logic L in a framework logic F are understood as mappings L ! F that translate one logic into the other in a conservative way. The ease with which such maps can be defined for a number of quite different logics of interest, including equational logic, Horn logic with equality, linear logic, logics with quantifiers, and any sequent calculus presentation of a logic for a very general notion of "sequent," is discussed in detail. Using the fact that rewriting logic is reflective, it is often possible to reify inside rewriting logic itself a representation map L ! RWLogic for the finitely presentable theories of L. Such a reification takes the form of a map between the abstract data types representing the finitary theories of...
Membership Algebra as a Logical Framework for Equational Specification
, 1998
"... This paper proposes membership equational logica Horn logic in which the basic predicates are equations t = t 0 and membership assertions t : s stating that a term t belongs to a sort sas a logical framework in which a very wide range of total and partial equational specification formalisms ..."
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Cited by 142 (46 self)
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This paper proposes membership equational logica Horn logic in which the basic predicates are equations t = t 0 and membership assertions t : s stating that a term t belongs to a sort sas a logical framework in which a very wide range of total and partial equational specification formalisms can be naturally represented. Key features of this logic include: simplicity, liberality and equational character; generality and expressiveness in supporting subsorts, overloading, errors and partiality; and efficient implementability in systems such as Maude. The paper presents the basic properties of the logic and its models, and discusses in detail how many total and partial equational specification formalisms, including ordersorted algebra and partial membership equational logic, can be represented in it, as well as the practical benefits in terms of tool reusability that this opens up for other languages, including CASL. Table of Contents 1
Introducing OBJ
, 1993
"... This is an introduction to the philosophy and use of OBJ, emphasizing its operational semantics, with aspects of its history and its logical semantics. Release 2 of OBJ3 is described in detail, with many examples. OBJ is a wide spectrum firstorder functional language that is rigorously based on ..."
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Cited by 121 (30 self)
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This is an introduction to the philosophy and use of OBJ, emphasizing its operational semantics, with aspects of its history and its logical semantics. Release 2 of OBJ3 is described in detail, with many examples. OBJ is a wide spectrum firstorder functional language that is rigorously based on (order sorted) equational logic and parameterized programming, supporting a declarative style that facilitates verification and allows OBJ to be used as a theorem prover.
Synthesizing Monitors for Safety Properties
 In Tools and Algorithms for Construction and Analysis of Systems (TACAS’02
, 2002
"... The problem of testing a linear temporal logic (LTL) formula on a finite execution trace of events, generated by an executing program, occurs naturally in runtime analysis of software. An algorithm which takes a past time LTL formula and generates an efficient dynamic programming algorithm is pr ..."
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Cited by 119 (13 self)
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The problem of testing a linear temporal logic (LTL) formula on a finite execution trace of events, generated by an executing program, occurs naturally in runtime analysis of software. An algorithm which takes a past time LTL formula and generates an efficient dynamic programming algorithm is presented. The generated algorithm tests whether the formula is satisfied by a finite trace of events given as input and runs in linear time, its constant depending on the size of the LTL formula.
Rewriting Logic as a Semantic Framework for Concurrency: a Progress Report
, 1996
"... . This paper surveys the work of many researchers on rewriting logic since it was first introduced in 1990. The main emphasis is on the use of rewriting logic as a semantic framework for concurrency. The goal in this regard is to express as faithfully as possible a very wide range of concurrency mod ..."
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Cited by 82 (22 self)
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. This paper surveys the work of many researchers on rewriting logic since it was first introduced in 1990. The main emphasis is on the use of rewriting logic as a semantic framework for concurrency. The goal in this regard is to express as faithfully as possible a very wide range of concurrency models, each on its own terms, avoiding any encodings or translations. Bringing very different models under a common semantic framework makes easier to understand what different models have in common and how they differ, to find deep connections between them, and to reason across their different formalisms. It becomes also much easier to achieve in a rigorous way the integration and interoperation of different models and languages whose combination offers attractive advantages. The logic and model theory of rewriting logic are also summarized, a number of current research directions are surveyed, and some concluding remarks about future directions are made. Table of Contents 1 In...
Reflection and Strategies in Rewriting Logic
, 1996
"... After giving general metalogical axioms characterizing reflection in general logics in terms of the notion of a universal theory , this paper specifies a finitely presented universal theory for rewriting logic and gives a detailed proof of the claim made in [6] that rewriting logic is reflective. Th ..."
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Cited by 61 (27 self)
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After giving general metalogical axioms characterizing reflection in general logics in terms of the notion of a universal theory , this paper specifies a finitely presented universal theory for rewriting logic and gives a detailed proof of the claim made in [6] that rewriting logic is reflective. The paper also gives general axioms for the notion of a strategy language internal to a given logic. Exploiting the fact that rewriting logic is reflexive, a general method for defining internal strategy languages for it and proving their correctness is proposed and is illustrated with an example. The Maude language has been used as an experimental vehicle for the exploration of these techniques. They seem quite promising for applications such as metaprogramming and module composition, logical framework representations, development of formal programming and proving environments, supercompilation, and formal verification of strategies. 1 Introduction Reflection is a very desirable property of ...
Metalogical Frameworks
, 1992
"... In computer science we speak of implementing a logic; this is done in a programming language, such as Lisp, called here the implementation language. We also reason about the logic, as in understanding how to search for proofs; these arguments are expressed in the metalanguage and conducted in the me ..."
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Cited by 57 (15 self)
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In computer science we speak of implementing a logic; this is done in a programming language, such as Lisp, called here the implementation language. We also reason about the logic, as in understanding how to search for proofs; these arguments are expressed in the metalanguage and conducted in the metalogic of the object language being implemented. We also reason about the implementation itself, say to know it is correct; this is done in a programming logic. How do all these logics relate? This paper considers that question and more. We show that by taking the view that the metalogic is primary, these other parts are related in standard ways. The metalogic should be suitably rich so that the object logic can be presented as an abstract data type, and it must be suitably computational (or constructive) so that an instance of that type is an implementation. The data type abstractly encodes all that is relevant for metareasoning, i.e., not only the term constructing functions but also the...
Playing by the rules: rewriting as a practical optimisation technique in GHC
"... We describe a facility for improving optimization of Haskell programs using rewrite rules. Library authors can use rules to express domainspecific optimizations that the compiler cannot discover for itself. The compiler can also generate rules internally to propagate information obtained from aut ..."
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Cited by 57 (9 self)
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We describe a facility for improving optimization of Haskell programs using rewrite rules. Library authors can use rules to express domainspecific optimizations that the compiler cannot discover for itself. The compiler can also generate rules internally to propagate information obtained from automated analyses. The rewrite mechanism is fully implemented in the released Glasgow Haskell Compiler. Our system is very simple, but can be effective in optimizing real programs. We describe two practical applications involving shortcut deforestation, for lists and for rose trees, and document substantial performance improvements on a range of programs. 1 Introduction Optimising compilers perform program transformations that improve the efficiency of the program. However, a compiler can only use relatively shallow reasoning to guarantee the correctness of its optimisations. In contrast, the programmer has much deeper information about the program and its intended behaviour. For example, a programmer may know that
Typed Combinators for Generic Traversal
 Proc. of PADL 2002
, 2002
"... Lacking support for generic traversal, functional programming languages suffer from a scalability problem when applied to largescale program transformation problems. As a solution, we introduce functional strategies: typeful generic functions that not only can be applied to terms of any type, bu ..."
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Cited by 51 (21 self)
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Lacking support for generic traversal, functional programming languages suffer from a scalability problem when applied to largescale program transformation problems. As a solution, we introduce functional strategies: typeful generic functions that not only can be applied to terms of any type, but which also allow generic traversal into subterms.