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132
Weakly Distributive Categories
 Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra
, 1991
"... There are many situations in logic, theoretical computer science, and category theory where two binary operationsone thought of as a (tensor) "product", the other a "sum"play a key role. In distributive and autonomous categories these operations can be regarded as, respectively, the and/or of ..."
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Cited by 119 (19 self)
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There are many situations in logic, theoretical computer science, and category theory where two binary operationsone thought of as a (tensor) "product", the other a "sum"play a key role. In distributive and autonomous categories these operations can be regarded as, respectively, the and/or of traditional logic and the times/par of (multiplicative) linear logic. In the latter logic, however, the distributivity of product over sum is conspicuously absent: this paper studies a "linearization" of that distributivity which is present in both case. Furthermore, we show that this weak distributivity is precisely what is needed to model Gentzen's cut rule (in the absence of other structural rules) and can be strengthened in a natural way to generate  autonomous categories. We also point out that this "linear" notion of distributivity is virtually orthogonal to the usual notion as formalized by distributive categories. 0 Introduction There are many situations in logic, theoretical co...
Towards a quantum programming language
 Mathematical Structures in Computer Science
, 2004
"... The field of quantum computation suffers from a lack of syntax. In the absence of a convenient programming language, algorithms are frequently expressed in terms of hardware circuits or Turing machines. Neither approach particularly encourages structured programming or abstractions such as data type ..."
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Cited by 111 (13 self)
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The field of quantum computation suffers from a lack of syntax. In the absence of a convenient programming language, algorithms are frequently expressed in terms of hardware circuits or Turing machines. Neither approach particularly encourages structured programming or abstractions such as data types. In this paper, we describe the syntax and semantics of a simple quantum programming language. This language provides highlevel features such as loops, recursive procedures, and structured data types. It is statically typed, and it has an interesting denotational semantics in terms of complete partial orders of superoperators. 1
Linear Logic, Autonomous Categories and Cofree Coalgebras
 In Categories in Computer Science and Logic
, 1989
"... . A brief outline of the categorical characterisation of Girard's linear logic is given, analagous to the relationship between cartesian closed categories and typed calculus. The linear structure amounts to a autonomous category: a closed symmetric monoidal category G with finite products and a c ..."
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Cited by 103 (7 self)
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. A brief outline of the categorical characterisation of Girard's linear logic is given, analagous to the relationship between cartesian closed categories and typed calculus. The linear structure amounts to a autonomous category: a closed symmetric monoidal category G with finite products and a closed involution. Girard's exponential operator, ! , is a cotriple on G which carries the canonical comonoid structure on A with respect to cartesian product to a comonoid structure on !A with respect to tensor product. This makes the Kleisli category for ! cartesian closed. 0. INTRODUCTION. In "Linear logic" [1987], JeanYves Girard introduced a logical system he described as "a logic behind logic". Linear logic was a consequence of his analysis of the structure of qualitative domains (Girard [1986]): he noticed that the interpretation of the usual conditional ")" could be decomposed into two more primitive notions, a linear conditional "\Gammaffi" and a unary operator "!" (called "of cours...
Models of Sharing Graphs: A Categorical Semantics of let and letrec
, 1997
"... To my parents A general abstract theory for computation involving shared resources is presented. We develop the models of sharing graphs, also known as term graphs, in terms of both syntax and semantics. According to the complexity of the permitted form of sharing, we consider four situations of sha ..."
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Cited by 62 (10 self)
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To my parents A general abstract theory for computation involving shared resources is presented. We develop the models of sharing graphs, also known as term graphs, in terms of both syntax and semantics. According to the complexity of the permitted form of sharing, we consider four situations of sharing graphs. The simplest is firstorder acyclic sharing graphs represented by letsyntax, and others are extensions with higherorder constructs (lambda calculi) and/or cyclic sharing (recursive letrec binding). For each of four settings, we provide the equational theory for representing the sharing graphs, and identify the class of categorical models which are shown to be sound and complete for the theory. The emphasis is put on the algebraic nature of sharing graphs, which leads us to the semantic account of them. We describe the models in terms of the notions of symmetric monoidal categories and functors, additionally with symmetric monoidal adjunctions and traced
A new notation for arrows
 In International Conference on Functional Programming (ICFP ’01
, 2001
"... The categorical notion of monad, used by Moggi to structure denotational descriptions, has proved to be a powerful tool for structuring combinator libraries. Moreover, the monadic programming style provides a convenient syntax for many kinds of computation, so that each library defines a new sublang ..."
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Cited by 48 (1 self)
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The categorical notion of monad, used by Moggi to structure denotational descriptions, has proved to be a powerful tool for structuring combinator libraries. Moreover, the monadic programming style provides a convenient syntax for many kinds of computation, so that each library defines a new sublanguage. Recently, several workers have proposed a generalization of monads, called variously “arrows ” or Freydcategories. The extra generality promises to increase the power, expressiveness and efficiency of the embedded approach, but does not mesh as well with the native abstraction and application. Definitions are typically given in a pointfree style, which is useful for proving general properties, but can be awkward for programming specific instances. In this paper we define a simple extension to the functional language Haskell that makes these new notions of computation more convenient to use. Our language is similar to the monadic style, and has similar reasoning properties. Moreover, it is extensible, in the sense that new combining forms can be defined as expressions in the host language. 1.
Recursion from Cyclic Sharing: Traced Monoidal Categories and Models of Cyclic Lambda Calculi
, 1997
"... . Cyclic sharing (cyclic graph rewriting) has been used as a practical technique for implementing recursive computation efficiently. To capture its semantic nature, we introduce categorical models for lambda calculi with cyclic sharing (cyclic lambda graphs), using notions of computation by Moggi / ..."
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Cited by 45 (5 self)
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. Cyclic sharing (cyclic graph rewriting) has been used as a practical technique for implementing recursive computation efficiently. To capture its semantic nature, we introduce categorical models for lambda calculi with cyclic sharing (cyclic lambda graphs), using notions of computation by Moggi / Power and Robinson and traced monoidal categories by Joyal, Street and Verity. The former is used for representing the notion of sharing, whereas the latter for cyclic data structures. Our new models provide a semantic framework for understanding recursion created from cyclic sharing, which includes traditional models for recursion created from fixed points as special cases. Our cyclic lambda calculus serves as a uniform language for this wider range of models of recursive computation. 1 Introduction One of the traditional methods of interpreting a recursive program in a semantic domain is to use the least fixedpoint of continuous functions. However, in the real implementations of program...
Geometry of Interaction and Linear Combinatory Algebras
, 2000
"... this paper was quite di#erent, stemming from the axiomatics of categories of tangles (although the authors were aware of possible connections to iteration theories. In fact, similar axiomatics in the symmetric case, motivated by flowcharts and "flownomials" had been developed some years earlier by S ..."
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Cited by 44 (10 self)
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this paper was quite di#erent, stemming from the axiomatics of categories of tangles (although the authors were aware of possible connections to iteration theories. In fact, similar axiomatics in the symmetric case, motivated by flowcharts and "flownomials" had been developed some years earlier by Stefanescu (Stefanescu 2000).) However, the first author realized, following a stimulating discussion with Gordon Plotkin, that traced monoidal categories provided a common denominator for the axiomatics of both the Girardstyle and AbramskyJagadeesanstyle versions of the Geometry of Interaction, at the basic level of the multiplicatives. This insight was presented in (Abramsky 1996), in which Girardstyle GoI was dubbed "particlestyle", since it concerns information particles or tokens flowing around a network, while the AbramskyJagadeesan style GoI was dubbed "wavestyle", since it concerns the evolution of a global information state or "wave". Formally, this distinction is based on whether the tensor product (i.e. the symmetric monoidal structure) in the underlying category is interpreted as a coproduct (particle style) or as a product (wave style). This computational distinction between coproduct and product interpretations of the same underlying network geometry turned out to have been partially anticipated, in a rather di#erent context, in a pioneering paper by E. S. Bainbridge (Bainbridge 1976), as observed by Dusko Pavlovic. These two forms of interpretation, and ways of combining them, have also been studied recently in (Stefanescu 2000). He uses the terminology "additive" for coproductbased (i.e. our "particlestyle") and "multiplicative" for productbased (i.e. our "wavestyle"); this is not suitable for our purposes, because of the clash with Linear Logic term...
An Algebraic Presentation of Term Graphs, via GSMonoidal Categories
 Applied Categorical Structures
, 1999
"... . We present a categorical characterisation of term graphs (i.e., finite, directed acyclic graphs labeled over a signature) that parallels the wellknown characterisation of terms as arrows of the algebraic theory of a given signature (i.e., the free Cartesian category generated by it). In particula ..."
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Cited by 37 (24 self)
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. We present a categorical characterisation of term graphs (i.e., finite, directed acyclic graphs labeled over a signature) that parallels the wellknown characterisation of terms as arrows of the algebraic theory of a given signature (i.e., the free Cartesian category generated by it). In particular, we show that term graphs over a signature \Sigma are onetoone with the arrows of the free gsmonoidal category generated by \Sigma. Such a category satisfies all the axioms for Cartesian categories but for the naturality of two transformations (the discharger ! and the duplicator r), providing in this way an abstract and clear relationship between terms and term graphs. In particular, the absence of the naturality of r and ! has a precise interpretation in terms of explicit sharing and of loss of implicit garbage collection, respectively. Keywords: algebraic theories, directed acyclic graphs, gsmonoidal categories, symmetric monoidal categories, term graphs. Mathematical Subject Clas...
Operational congruences for reactive systems
, 2001
"... This document consists of a slightly revised and corrected version of a dissertation ..."
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Cited by 34 (4 self)
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This document consists of a slightly revised and corrected version of a dissertation