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All from one, one for all: on model checking using representatives
 LNCS
, 1993
"... Checking that a given finite state program satisfies a linear temporal logic property is suffering in many cases from a severe space and time explosion. One way to cope with this is to reduce the state graph used for model checking. We define an equivalence relation between infinite sequences, based ..."
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Cited by 150 (6 self)
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Checking that a given finite state program satisfies a linear temporal logic property is suffering in many cases from a severe space and time explosion. One way to cope with this is to reduce the state graph used for model checking. We define an equivalence relation between infinite sequences, based on infinite traces such that for each equivalence class, either all or none of the sequences satisfy the checked formula. We present an algorithm for constructing a state graph that contains at least one representative sequence for each equivalence class. This allows applying existing model checking algorithms to the reduced state graph rather than on the larger full state graph of the program. It also allows model checking under fairness assumptions, and exploits these assumptions to obtain smaller state graphs. A formula rewriting technique is presented to allow coarser equivalence relation among sequences, such that less representatives are needed. 1
Petri Nets, Traces, and Local Model Checking
 Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Algebraic Methodology and Software Technology, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 936, SpringerVerlag
, 1995
"... It has been observed that the behavioural view of concurrent systems that all possible sequences of actions are relevant is too generous; Not all sequences should be considered as likely behaviours. By taking progress fairness assumptions into account one obtains a more realistic behavioural view of ..."
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Cited by 5 (0 self)
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It has been observed that the behavioural view of concurrent systems that all possible sequences of actions are relevant is too generous; Not all sequences should be considered as likely behaviours. By taking progress fairness assumptions into account one obtains a more realistic behavioural view of the systems. In this paper we consider the problem of performing model checking relative to this behavioural view. We present a CTLlike logic which is interpreted over the model of concurrent systems labeled 1safe nets. It turns out that Mazurkiewicz trace theory provides a useful setting in which the progress fairness assumptions can be formalized in a natural way. We provide the first, to our knowledge, set of sound and complete tableau rules for a CTLlike logic interpreted under progress fairness assumptions. keywords: fair progress, labeled 1safe nets, local model checking, maximal traces, partial orders, inevitability 1 Introduction Recently attention has focused on behavioural v...
On Topological Hierarchies of Temporal Properties
, 1996
"... . The classification of properties of concurrent programs into safety and liveness was first proposed by Lamport [20]. Since then several characterizations of hierarchies of properties have been given, see e.g. [4, 18, 8, 19]; this includes syntactic characterizations (in terms classes of formula ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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. The classification of properties of concurrent programs into safety and liveness was first proposed by Lamport [20]. Since then several characterizations of hierarchies of properties have been given, see e.g. [4, 18, 8, 19]; this includes syntactic characterizations (in terms classes of formulas of logics such as the linear temporal logic) as well as extensional (as sets of computations in some abstract domain). The latter often admits a topological characterization with respect to the natural topologies of the domain of computations. We introduce a general notion of a linear time model of computation which consists of partial and completed computations satisfying certain axioms. The model is endowed with a natural topology. We show that the usual topologies on strings, Mazurkiewicz traces and pomsets arise as special cases. We then introduce a hierarchy of properties including safety, liveness, guarantee, response and persistence properties, and show that our definition ...
Foundations of Constraint Programming Approaches: Concurrent Semantics for Concurrent Constraint Programs
"... A concurrent semantics is a semantics where concurrency can be realistically represented and naturally described. Therefore we believe that every concurrent language should be provided with a formal concurrent semantics. Here we describe three concurrent semantics for concurrent constraint (cc) prog ..."
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A concurrent semantics is a semantics where concurrency can be realistically represented and naturally described. Therefore we believe that every concurrent language should be provided with a formal concurrent semantics. Here we describe three concurrent semantics for concurrent constraint (cc) programs. They are all based on partial order structures relating the various objects involved in the program computations, so that objects not related by the partial order are concurrent, and those related are instead dependent on each other and thus need to be sequentialized. Furthermore, they all employ a distributed representation of the constraint system, so that several sources of useless sequentializations are avoided. The first one is based on a graphrewriting description of the operational behaviour of cc programs, and consists of a partial order involving all objects of each (equivalence class of) computation(s). The second one uses a simpler notion of contextdependent rewriting for the operational semantics, and consists of an event structure, which is able to represent both the concurrency and the nondeterminism present in acc program but which relates only the computation steps, and not the objects. The last one, instead, consists of a contextual net (that is, a Petri net extended with context condiditions), which again represents both concurrency and nondeterminism and furthermore relates all objects and steps of the computations. The three semantics are compared and it is argued that the last one is the most suitable concurrent semantics for cc programs, since 1) contextual items are a general and elegant way of formalizing ask operations and avoiding their useless sequentialization, 2) nets allow a direct representation of concurrent information, as well as d...