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Parameter Definability in the Recursively Enumerable Degrees
"... The biinterpretability conjecture for the r.e. degrees asks whether, for each sufficiently large k, the # k relations on the r.e. degrees are uniformly definable from parameters. We solve a weaker version: for each k >= 7, the k relations bounded from below by a nonzero degree are uniformly defin ..."
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Cited by 34 (13 self)
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The biinterpretability conjecture for the r.e. degrees asks whether, for each sufficiently large k, the # k relations on the r.e. degrees are uniformly definable from parameters. We solve a weaker version: for each k >= 7, the k relations bounded from below by a nonzero degree are uniformly definable. As applications, we show that...
Definability in the Turing Degrees
 J. Symbolic Logic
, 1986
"... . Suppose that R is a countable relation on the Turing degrees. Then R can be defined in D, the Turing degrees with # T , by a first order formula with finitely many parameters. The parameters are built by means of a notion of forcing in which the conditions are essentially finite. The co ..."
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Cited by 19 (3 self)
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. Suppose that R is a countable relation on the Turing degrees. Then R can be defined in D, the Turing degrees with # T , by a first order formula with finitely many parameters. The parameters are built by means of a notion of forcing in which the conditions are essentially finite. The conditions in the forcing partial specify finite initial segments of the generic reals and impose a infinite constraint on further extensions. In section 3, this result is applied to show that any elementary function from D to D is an automorphism. Other applications are given toward the rigidity question for D. By observing that a single jump is all that is needed to meet the relevant dense sets, it is also shown that the recursively enumerable degrees can be defined from finitely many parameters in the structure consisting of the degrees below 0 # with # T . 1. Introduction Definability has provided the most fruitful approach to understanding the modeltheoretic structure ...
Natural Definability in Degree Structures
"... . A major focus of research in computability theory in recent years has involved denability issues in degree structures. There has been much success in getting general results by coding methods that translate rst or second order arithmetic into the structures. In this paper we concentrate on the ..."
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Cited by 5 (1 self)
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. A major focus of research in computability theory in recent years has involved denability issues in degree structures. There has been much success in getting general results by coding methods that translate rst or second order arithmetic into the structures. In this paper we concentrate on the issues of getting denitions of interesting, apparently external, relations on degrees that are ordertheoretically natural in the structures D and R of all the Turing degrees and of the r.e. Turing degrees, respectively. Of course, we have no formal denition of natural but we oer some guidelines, examples and suggestions for further research. 1. Introduction A major focus of research in computability theory in recent years has involved denability issues in degree structures. The basic question is, which interesting apparently external relations on degrees can actually be dened in the structures themselves, that is, in the rst order language with the single fundamental relation...
Conjectures and Questions from Gerald Sacks’s Degrees of Unsolvability
 Archive for Mathematical Logic
, 1993
"... We describe the important role that the conjectures and questions posed at the end of the two editions of Gerald Sacks's Degrees of Unsolvability have had in the development of recursion theory over the past thirty years. Gerald Sacks has had a major influence on the development of logic, parti ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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We describe the important role that the conjectures and questions posed at the end of the two editions of Gerald Sacks's Degrees of Unsolvability have had in the development of recursion theory over the past thirty years. Gerald Sacks has had a major influence on the development of logic, particularly recursion theory, over the past thirty years through his research, writing and teaching. Here, I would like to concentrate on just one instance of that influence that I feel has been of special significance to the study of the degrees of unsolvability in general and on my own work in particular the conjectures and questions posed at the end of the two editions of Sacks's first book, the classic monograph Degrees of Unsolvability (Annals
Definability and Global Degree Theory
 Logic Colloquium '90, Association of Symbolic Logic Summer Meeting in Helsinki, Berlin 1993 [Lecture Notes in Logic 2
"... Gödel's work [Gö34] on undecidable theories and the subsequent formalisations of the notion of a recursive function ([Tu36], [K136] etc.) have led to an ever deepening understanding of the nature of the noncomputable universe (which as Gödel himself showed, includes sets and functions of every ..."
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Cited by 2 (1 self)
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Gödel's work [Gö34] on undecidable theories and the subsequent formalisations of the notion of a recursive function ([Tu36], [K136] etc.) have led to an ever deepening understanding of the nature of the noncomputable universe (which as Gödel himself showed, includes sets and functions of everyday significance). The nontrivial aspect of Church's Thesis (any function not contained within one of the equivalent definitions of recursive/Turing computable, cannot be considered to be effectively computable) still provides a basis not only for classical and generalised recursion theory, but also for contemporary theoretical computer science. Recent years, in parallel with the massive increase in interest in the computable universe and the development of much subtler concepts of 'practically computable', have seen remarkable progress with some of the most basic and challenging questions concerning the noncomputable universe, results both of philosophical significance and of potentially wider technical importance. Relativising Church's Thesis, Kleene and Post [KP54] proposed the now
1 Introduction Degrees of Unsolvability
, 2006
"... Modern computability theory began with Turing [Turing, 1936], where he introduced ..."
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Modern computability theory began with Turing [Turing, 1936], where he introduced
EMBEDDINGS INTO THE COMPUTABLY ENUMERABLE DEGREES
"... Abstract. We discuss the status of the problem of characterizing the finite (weak) lattices which can be embedded into the computably enumerable degrees. In particular, we summarize the current status of knowledge about the problem, provide an overview of how to prove these results, discuss directio ..."
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Abstract. We discuss the status of the problem of characterizing the finite (weak) lattices which can be embedded into the computably enumerable degrees. In particular, we summarize the current status of knowledge about the problem, provide an overview of how to prove these results, discuss directions which have been pursued to try to solve the problem, and present some related open questions. 1.
Contemporary Mathematics Natural Definability in Degree Structures
"... A major focus of research in computability theory in recent years has involved definability issues in degree structures. There has been much success in getting general results by coding methods that translate first or second order arithmetic into the structures. In this paper we concentrate on the i ..."
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A major focus of research in computability theory in recent years has involved definability issues in degree structures. There has been much success in getting general results by coding methods that translate first or second order arithmetic into the structures. In this paper we concentrate on the issues of getting definitions of interesting, apparently external, relations on degrees that are ordertheoretically natural in the structures D and R of all the Turing degrees and of the r.e. Turing degrees, respectively. Of course, we have no formal definition of natural but we offer some guidelines, examples and suggestions for further research.
Computability Theory, Algorithmic Randomness and Turing’s Anticipation
"... Abstract. This article looks at the applications of Turing’s Legacy in computation, particularly to the theory of algorithmic randomness, where classical mathematical concepts such as measure could be made computational. It also traces Turing’s anticipation of this theory in an early manuscript. 1 ..."
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Abstract. This article looks at the applications of Turing’s Legacy in computation, particularly to the theory of algorithmic randomness, where classical mathematical concepts such as measure could be made computational. It also traces Turing’s anticipation of this theory in an early manuscript. 1