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A Better Heuristic for Orthogonal Graph Drawings
 COMPUT. GEOM. THEORY APPL
, 1998
"... An orthogonal drawing of a graph is an embedding in the plane such that all edges are drawn as sequences of horizontal and vertical segments. We present a linear time and space algorithm to draw any connected graph orthogonally on a grid of size n \Theta n with at most 2n + 2 bends. Each edge is ben ..."
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Cited by 61 (6 self)
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An orthogonal drawing of a graph is an embedding in the plane such that all edges are drawn as sequences of horizontal and vertical segments. We present a linear time and space algorithm to draw any connected graph orthogonally on a grid of size n \Theta n with at most 2n + 2 bends. Each edge is bent at most twice. In particular for nonplanar and nonbiconnected planar graphs, this is a big improvement. The algorithm is very simple, easy to implement, and it handles both planar and nonplanar graphs at the same time.
New Lower Bounds For Orthogonal Drawings
 J. Graph Algorithms Appl
, 1998
"... An orthogonal drawing of a graph is an embedding of the graph in the twodimensional grid such that edges are routed along gridlines. In this paper we explore lower bounds for orthogonal graph drawings. We prove lower bounds on the number of bends and, when crossings are not allowed, also lower bou ..."
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An orthogonal drawing of a graph is an embedding of the graph in the twodimensional grid such that edges are routed along gridlines. In this paper we explore lower bounds for orthogonal graph drawings. We prove lower bounds on the number of bends and, when crossings are not allowed, also lower bounds on the size of the grid. Communicated by D. Wagner: submitted July 1997; revised November 1998. Some results of this paper were part of the author's diploma thesis at TU Berlin under the supervision of Prof. R. Mohring, and have been presented in an extended abstract at Graph Drawing '95, Passau, Germany. T. Biedl., New Lower Bounds, JGAA, 2(7) 131 (1998) 2 1 Introduction A graph G = (V; E) is an abstract structure consisting of points (or vertices) V and connections (or edges) E. Such a structure is found in many industrial applications, such as networks, production schedules and diagrams. With the aid of graph drawing, a graph is displayed in visual form, and the underlying infor...
Efficient Algorithms for Drawing Planar Graphs
, 1999
"... x 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Historical Background . . .............................. 4 1.2 Drawing Styles . ................................... 4 1.2.1 Polyline drawings .............................. 5 1.2.2 Planar drawings ............................... 5 1.2.3 Straight line drawings ................. ..."
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x 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Historical Background . . .............................. 4 1.2 Drawing Styles . ................................... 4 1.2.1 Polyline drawings .............................. 5 1.2.2 Planar drawings ............................... 5 1.2.3 Straight line drawings ............................ 6 1.2.4 Orthogonal drawings . . ........................... 7 1.2.5 Grid drawings ................................ 8 1.3 Properties of Drawings ................................ 9 1.4 Scope of this Thesis .................................. 10 1.4.1 Rectangular drawings . . . ......................... 11 1.4.2 Orthogonal drawings . . ........................... 12 1.4.3 Boxrectangular drawings ........................... 14 1.4.4 Convex drawings . . ............................. 16 1.5 Summary ....................................... 16 2 Preliminaries 20 2.1 Basic Terminology .................................. 20 2.1.1 Graphs and Multigraphs ........................... 20 i CO...
Bendoptimal orthogonal graph drawing in the general position model ∗
"... We consider orthogonal drawings in the general position model, i.e., no two points share a coordinate. The drawings are also required to be bend minimal, i.e., each edge of a drawing in k dimensions has exactly one segment parallel to each coodinate direction that are glued together at k − 1 bends. ..."
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We consider orthogonal drawings in the general position model, i.e., no two points share a coordinate. The drawings are also required to be bend minimal, i.e., each edge of a drawing in k dimensions has exactly one segment parallel to each coodinate direction that are glued together at k − 1 bends. We provide a precise description of the class of graphs that admit an orthogonal drawing in the general position model in the plane. The main tools for the proof are Eulerian orientations of graphs and discrete harmonic functions. The tools developed for the planar case can also be applied in higher dimensions. We discuss twobend drawings in three dimensions and show that K2k+2 admits a kbend drawing in k + 1 dimensions. If we allow that a vertex is placed at infinity, we can draw K2k+3 with k bends in k + 1 dimensions.