Results 1  10
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64
Models of Random Regular Graphs
 In Surveys in combinatorics
, 1999
"... In a previous paper we showed that a random 4regular graph asymptotically almost surely (a.a.s.) has chromatic number 3. Here we extend the method to show that a random 6regular graph asymptotically almost surely (a.a.s.) has chromatic number 4 and that the chromatic number of a random dregular g ..."
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Cited by 155 (32 self)
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In a previous paper we showed that a random 4regular graph asymptotically almost surely (a.a.s.) has chromatic number 3. Here we extend the method to show that a random 6regular graph asymptotically almost surely (a.a.s.) has chromatic number 4 and that the chromatic number of a random dregular graph for other d between 5 and 10 inclusive is a.a.s. restricted to a range of two integer values: {3, 4} for d = 5, {4, 5} for d = 7, 8, 9, and {5, 6} for d = 10. The proof uses efficient algorithms which a.a.s. colour these random graphs using the number of colours specified by the upper bound. These algorithms are analysed using the differential equation method, including an analysis of certain systems of differential equations with discontinuous right hand sides. 1
A proof of Alon’s second eigenvalue conjecture
, 2003
"... A dregular graph has largest or first (adjacency matrix) eigenvalue λ1 = d. Consider for an even d ≥ 4, a random dregular graph model formed from d/2 uniform, independent permutations on {1,...,n}. We shall show that for any ɛ>0 we have all eigenvalues aside from λ1 = d are bounded by 2 √ d − 1 ..."
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Cited by 92 (1 self)
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A dregular graph has largest or first (adjacency matrix) eigenvalue λ1 = d. Consider for an even d ≥ 4, a random dregular graph model formed from d/2 uniform, independent permutations on {1,...,n}. We shall show that for any ɛ>0 we have all eigenvalues aside from λ1 = d are bounded by 2 √ d − 1 +ɛwith probability 1 − O(n−τ), where τ = ⌈ � √ d − 1+1 � /2⌉−1. We also show that this probability is at most 1 − c/nτ ′, for a constant c and a τ ′ that is either τ or τ +1 (“more often ” τ than τ + 1). We prove related theorems for other models of random graphs, including models with d odd. These theorems resolve the conjecture of Alon, that says that for any ɛ>0andd, the second largest eigenvalue of “most ” random dregular graphs are at most 2 √ d − 1+ɛ (Alon did not specify precisely what “most ” should mean or what model of random graph one should take). 1
A spectral technique for coloring random 3colorable graphs
 SIAM Journal on Computing
, 1994
"... Abstract. Let G3n,p,3 be a random 3colorable graph on a set of 3n vertices generated as follows. First, split the vertices arbitrarily into three equal color classes, and then choose every pair of vertices of distinct color classes, randomly and independently, to be edges with probability p. We des ..."
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Cited by 79 (5 self)
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Abstract. Let G3n,p,3 be a random 3colorable graph on a set of 3n vertices generated as follows. First, split the vertices arbitrarily into three equal color classes, and then choose every pair of vertices of distinct color classes, randomly and independently, to be edges with probability p. We describe a polynomialtime algorithm that finds a proper 3coloring of G3n,p,3 with high probability, whenever p ≥ c/n, where c is a sufficiently large absolute constant. This settles a problem of Blum and Spencer, who asked if an algorithm can be designed that works almost surely for p ≥ polylog(n)/n [J. Algorithms, 19 (1995), pp. 204–234]. The algorithm can be extended to produce optimal kcolorings of random kcolorable graphs in a similar model as well as in various related models. Implementation results show that the algorithm performs very well in practice even for moderate values of c.
Distributed Construction of Random Expander Networks
 In IEEE Infocom
, 2003
"... We present a novel distributed algorithm for constructing random overlay networks that are composed of d Hamilton cycles. The protocol is completely decentralized as no globallyknown server is required. The constructed topologies are expanders with O(log d n) diameter with high probability. ..."
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Cited by 79 (0 self)
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We present a novel distributed algorithm for constructing random overlay networks that are composed of d Hamilton cycles. The protocol is completely decentralized as no globallyknown server is required. The constructed topologies are expanders with O(log d n) diameter with high probability.
Eigenvalues and Expansion of Regular Graphs
 Journal of the ACM
, 1995
"... The spectral method is the best currently known technique to prove lower bounds on expansion. Ramanujan graphs, which have asymptotically optimal second eigenvalue, are the best known explicit expanders. The spectral method yielded a lower bound of k=4 on the expansion of linear sized subsets of kr ..."
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Cited by 49 (1 self)
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The spectral method is the best currently known technique to prove lower bounds on expansion. Ramanujan graphs, which have asymptotically optimal second eigenvalue, are the best known explicit expanders. The spectral method yielded a lower bound of k=4 on the expansion of linear sized subsets of kregular Ramanujan graphs. We improve the lower bound on the expansion of Ramanujan graphs to approximately k=2. Moreover, we construct a family of kregular graphs with asymptotically optimal second eigenvalue and linear expansion equal to k=2. This shows that k=2 is the best bound one can obtain using the second eigenvalue method. We also show an upper bound of roughly 1 + p k \Gamma 1 on the average degree of linearsized induced subgraphs of Ramanujan graphs. This compares positively with the classical bound 2 p k \Gamma 1. As a byproduct, we obtain improved results on random walks on expanders and construct selection networks (resp. extrovert graphs) of smaller size (resp. degree) th...
Eigenvalues in combinatorial optimization
, 1993
"... In the last decade many important applications of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of graphs in combinatorial optimization were discovered. The number and importance of these results is so fascinating that it makes sense to present this survey. ..."
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Cited by 41 (0 self)
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In the last decade many important applications of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of graphs in combinatorial optimization were discovered. The number and importance of these results is so fascinating that it makes sense to present this survey.
Computing Betti numbers via combinatorial Laplacians
 In Proc. 28th Ann. ACM Sympos. Theory Comput
, 1996
"... We use the Laplacian and power method to compute Betti numbers of simplicial complexes. This has a number of advantages over other methods, both in theory and in practice. It requires small storage space in many cases. It seems to run quickly in practice, but its running time depends on a ratio, ν, ..."
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Cited by 36 (0 self)
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We use the Laplacian and power method to compute Betti numbers of simplicial complexes. This has a number of advantages over other methods, both in theory and in practice. It requires small storage space in many cases. It seems to run quickly in practice, but its running time depends on a ratio, ν, of eigenvalues which we have yet to fully understand. We numerically verify a conjecture of Björner, Lovász, Vrećica, and ˘ Zivaljević on the chessboard complexes C(4,6), C(5,7), and C(5,8). Our verification suffers a technical weakness, which can be overcome in various ways; we do so for C(4,6) and C(5,8), giving a completely rigourous (computer) proof of the conjecture in these two cases. This brings up an interesting question in recovering an integral basis from a real basis of vectors. 1
Random Cayley Graphs and Expanders
 Random Structures Algorithms
, 1997
"... For every 1 ? ffi ? 0 there exists a c = c(ffi) ? 0 such that for every group G of order n, and for a set S of c(ffi) log n random elements in the group, the expected value of the second largest eigenvalue of the normalized adjacency matrix of the Cayley graph X(G;S) is at most (1\Gammaffi). Thi ..."
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Cited by 34 (0 self)
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For every 1 ? ffi ? 0 there exists a c = c(ffi) ? 0 such that for every group G of order n, and for a set S of c(ffi) log n random elements in the group, the expected value of the second largest eigenvalue of the normalized adjacency matrix of the Cayley graph X(G;S) is at most (1\Gammaffi). This implies that almost every such a graph is an "(ffi)expander. For Abelian groups this is essentially tight, and explicit constructions can be given in some cases. Department of Mathematics, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel. Research supported in part by a U.S.A.Israeli BSF grant. y Department of Mathematics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem, Israel 0 1.
Lifts, Discrepancy and Nearly Optimal Spectral Gaps
"... Let G be a graph on n vertices. A 2lift of G is a graph H on 2n vertices, with a covering map : H ! G. It is not hard to see that all eigenvalues of G are also eigenvalues of H. In addition, H has n \new" eigenvalues. We conjecture that every dregular graph has a 2lift such that all new ..."
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Cited by 31 (4 self)
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Let G be a graph on n vertices. A 2lift of G is a graph H on 2n vertices, with a covering map : H ! G. It is not hard to see that all eigenvalues of G are also eigenvalues of H. In addition, H has n \new" eigenvalues. We conjecture that every dregular graph has a 2lift such that all new eigenvalues are in the range [ 2 d 1; 2 d 1] (If true, this is tight , e.g. by the AlonBoppana bound). Here we show that every graph of maximal degree d has a 2lift such that all \new" eigenvalues are in the range [ c d; c d] for some constant c.