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86
Abstract behavior types: A foundation model for components and their composition
 SCIENCE OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING
, 2003
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Elements Of The General Theory Of Coalgebras
, 1999
"... . Data Structures arising in programming are conveniently modeled by universal algebras. State based and object oriented systems may be described in the same way, but this requires that the state is explicitly modeled as a sort. From the viewpoint of the programmer, however, it is usually intend ..."
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Cited by 42 (7 self)
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. Data Structures arising in programming are conveniently modeled by universal algebras. State based and object oriented systems may be described in the same way, but this requires that the state is explicitly modeled as a sort. From the viewpoint of the programmer, however, it is usually intended that the state should be "hidden" with only certain features accessible through attributes and methods. States should become equal, if no external observation may distinguish them. It has recently been discovered that state based systems such as transition systems, automata, lazy data structures and objects give rise to structures dual to universal algebra, which are called coalgebras. Equality is replaced by indistinguishability and coinduction replaces induction as proof principle. However, as it turns out, one has to look at universal algebra from a more general perspective (using elementary category theoretic notions) before the dual concept is able to capture the relevant ...
A coinductive calculus of streams
, 2005
"... We develop a coinductive calculus of streams based on the presence of a final coalgebra structure on the set of streams (infinite sequences of real numbers). The main ingredient is the notion of stream derivative, which can be used to formulate both coinductive proofs and definitions. In close analo ..."
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Cited by 42 (15 self)
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We develop a coinductive calculus of streams based on the presence of a final coalgebra structure on the set of streams (infinite sequences of real numbers). The main ingredient is the notion of stream derivative, which can be used to formulate both coinductive proofs and definitions. In close analogy to classical analysis, the latter are presented as behavioural differential equations. A number of applications of the calculus are presented, including difference equations, analytical differential equations, continued fractions, and some problems from discrete mathematics and combinatorics.
Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence
"... Abstract—We introduce bisimulation up to congruence as a technique for proving language equivalence of nondeterministic finite automata. Exploiting this technique, we devise an optimisation of the classical algorithm by Hopcroft and Karp [12] that, instead of computing the whole determinised automa ..."
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Cited by 33 (6 self)
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Abstract—We introduce bisimulation up to congruence as a technique for proving language equivalence of nondeterministic finite automata. Exploiting this technique, we devise an optimisation of the classical algorithm by Hopcroft and Karp [12] that, instead of computing the whole determinised automata, explores only a small portion of it. Although the optimised algorithm remains exponential in worst case (the problem is PSPACEcomplete), experimental results show improvements of several orders of magnitude over the standard algorithm. I.
Generalised Coinduction
, 2001
"... We introduce the lambdacoiteration schema for a distributive law lambda of a functor T over a functor F. Under certain conditions it can be shown to uniquely characterise functions into the carrier of a final Fcoalgebra, generalising the basic coiteration schema as given by finality. The duals of ..."
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Cited by 29 (3 self)
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We introduce the lambdacoiteration schema for a distributive law lambda of a functor T over a functor F. Under certain conditions it can be shown to uniquely characterise functions into the carrier of a final Fcoalgebra, generalising the basic coiteration schema as given by finality. The duals of primitive recursion and courseofvalue iteration, which are known extensions of coiteration, arise as instances of our framework. One can furthermore obtain schemata justifying recursive specifications that involve operators such as addition of power series, regular operators on languages, or parallel and sequential composition of processes. Next...
On the coalgebraic theory of Kleene algebra with tests
, 2008
"... We develop a coalgebraic theory of Kleene algebra with tests (KAT) along the lines of Rutten (1998) for Kleene algebra (KA) and Chen and Pucella (2003) for a limited version of KAT, resolving some technical issues raised by Chen and Pucella. Our treatment includes a simple definition of the Brzozows ..."
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Cited by 27 (3 self)
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We develop a coalgebraic theory of Kleene algebra with tests (KAT) along the lines of Rutten (1998) for Kleene algebra (KA) and Chen and Pucella (2003) for a limited version of KAT, resolving some technical issues raised by Chen and Pucella. Our treatment includes a simple definition of the Brzozowski derivative for KAT expressions and an automatatheoretic interpretation involving automata on guarded strings. We also give a complexity analysis, showing that an efficient implementation of coinductive equivalence proofs in this setting is tantamount to a standard automatatheoretic construction. It follows that coinductive equivalence proofs can be generated automatically in PSPACE. This matches the bound of Worthington (2008) for the automatic generation of equational proofs in KAT. 1
Automata and fixed point logics: a coalgebraic perspective
 Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science
, 2004
"... This paper generalizes existing connections between automata and logic to a coalgebraic level. Let F: Set → Set be a standard functor that preserves weak pullbacks. We introduce various notions of Fautomata, devices that operate on pointed Fcoalgebras. The criterion under which such an automaton a ..."
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Cited by 26 (11 self)
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This paper generalizes existing connections between automata and logic to a coalgebraic level. Let F: Set → Set be a standard functor that preserves weak pullbacks. We introduce various notions of Fautomata, devices that operate on pointed Fcoalgebras. The criterion under which such an automaton accepts or rejects a pointed coalgebra is formulated in terms of an infinite twoplayer graph game. We also introduce a language of coalgebraic fixed point logic for Fcoalgebras, and we provide a game semantics for this language. Finally we show that any formula p of the language can be transformed into an Fautomaton Ap which is equivalent to p in the sense that Ap accepts precisely those pointed Fcoalgebras in which p holds.
NonDeterministic Kleene Coalgebras
"... In this paper, we present a systematic way of deriving (1) languages of (generalised) regular expressions, and (2) sound and complete axiomatizations thereof, for a wide variety of systems. This generalizes both the results of Kleene (on regular languages and deterministic finite automata) and Miln ..."
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Cited by 26 (10 self)
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In this paper, we present a systematic way of deriving (1) languages of (generalised) regular expressions, and (2) sound and complete axiomatizations thereof, for a wide variety of systems. This generalizes both the results of Kleene (on regular languages and deterministic finite automata) and Milner (on regular behaviours and finite labelled transition systems), and includes many other systems such as Mealy and Moore machines.
Generating optimal monitors for extended regular expressions
 In Proc. of the 3rd Workshop on Runtime Verification (RV’03), volume 89 of ENTCS
, 2003
"... Ordinary software engineers and programmers can easily understand regular patterns, as shown by the immense interest in and the success of scripting languages like Perl, based essentially on regular expression pattern matching. We believe that regular expressions provide an elegant and powerful spec ..."
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Cited by 25 (7 self)
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Ordinary software engineers and programmers can easily understand regular patterns, as shown by the immense interest in and the success of scripting languages like Perl, based essentially on regular expression pattern matching. We believe that regular expressions provide an elegant and powerful specification language also for monitoring requirements, because an execution trace of a program is in fact a string of states. Extended regular expressions (EREs) add complementation to regular expressions, which brings additional benefits by allowing one to specify patterns that must not occur during an execution. Complementation gives one the power to express patterns on strings more compactly. In this paper we present a technique to generate optimal monitors from EREs. Our monitors are deterministic finite automata (DFA) and our novel contribution is to generate them using a modern coalgebraic technique called coinduction. Based on experiments with our implementation, which can be publicly tested and used over the web, we believe that our technique is more efficient than the simplistic method based on complementation of automata which can quickly lead to a highlyexponential state explosion.
A Kleene theorem for polynomial coalgebras
 IN FOUNDATIONS OF SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND COMPUTATIONAL STRUCTURES, 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, FOSSACS 2009, VOLUME 5504 OF LNCS
, 2009
"... For polynomial functors G, we show how to generalize the classical notion of regular expression to Gcoalgebras. We introduce a language of expressions for describing elements of the final Gcoalgebra and, analogously to Kleene’s theorem, we show the correspondence between expressions and finite G ..."
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Cited by 18 (4 self)
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For polynomial functors G, we show how to generalize the classical notion of regular expression to Gcoalgebras. We introduce a language of expressions for describing elements of the final Gcoalgebra and, analogously to Kleene’s theorem, we show the correspondence between expressions and finite Gcoalgebras.