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36
Coalgebraic modal logic: Soundness, completeness and decidability of local consequence
 Theoret. Comput. Sci
, 2002
"... This paper studies finitary modal logics, interpreted over coalgebras for an endofunctor, and establishes soundness, completeness and decidability results. The logics are studied within the abstract framework of coalgebraic modal logic, which can be instantiated with arbitrary endofunctors on the ca ..."
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Cited by 51 (24 self)
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This paper studies finitary modal logics, interpreted over coalgebras for an endofunctor, and establishes soundness, completeness and decidability results. The logics are studied within the abstract framework of coalgebraic modal logic, which can be instantiated with arbitrary endofunctors on the category of sets. This is achieved through the use of predicate liftings, which generalise atomic propositions and modal operators from Kripke models to arbitrary coalgebras. Predicate liftings also allow us to use induction along the terminal sequence of the underlying endofunctor as a proof principle. This induction principle is systematically exploited to establish soundness, completeness and decidability of the logics. We believe that this induction principle also opens new ways for reasoning about modal logics: Our proof of completeness does not rely on a canonical model construction, and the proof of the finite model property does not use filtrations. 1
Expressivity of coalgebraic modal logic: The limits and beyond
 IN FOUNDATIONS OF SOFTWARE SCIENCE AND COMPUTATION STRUCTURES, VOLUME 3441 OF LNCS
, 2005
"... Modal logic has a good claim to being the logic of choice for describing the reactive behaviour of systems modeled as coalgebras. Logics with modal operators obtained from socalled predicate liftings have been shown to be invariant under behavioral equivalence. Expressivity results stating that, c ..."
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Cited by 39 (13 self)
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Modal logic has a good claim to being the logic of choice for describing the reactive behaviour of systems modeled as coalgebras. Logics with modal operators obtained from socalled predicate liftings have been shown to be invariant under behavioral equivalence. Expressivity results stating that, conversely, logically indistinguishable states are behaviorally equivalent depend on the existence of separating sets of predicate liftings for the signature functor at hand. Here, we provide a classification result for predicate liftings which leads to an easy criterion for the existence of such separating sets, and we give simple examples of functors that fail to admit expressive normal or monotone modal logics, respectively, or in fact an expressive (unary) modal logic at all. We then move on to polyadic modal logic, where modal operators may take more than one argument formula. We show that every accessible functor admits an expressive polyadic modal logic. Moreover, expressive polyadic modal logics are, unlike unary modal logics, compositional.
A Hierarchy of Probabilistic System Types
, 2003
"... We study various notions of probabilistic bisimulation from a coalgebraic point of view, accumulating in a hierarchy of probabilistic system types. In general, a natural transformation between two Setfunctors straightforwardly gives rise to a transformation of coalgebras for the respective functors ..."
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Cited by 37 (6 self)
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We study various notions of probabilistic bisimulation from a coalgebraic point of view, accumulating in a hierarchy of probabilistic system types. In general, a natural transformation between two Setfunctors straightforwardly gives rise to a transformation of coalgebras for the respective functors. This latter transformation preserves homomorphisms and thus bisimulations. For comparison of probabilistic system types we also need reflection of bisimulation. We build the hierarchy of probabilistic systems by exploiting the new result that the transformation also reflects bisimulation in case the natural transformation is componentwise injective and the first functor preserves weak pullbacks. Additionally, we illustrate the correspondence of concrete and coalgebraic bisimulation in the case of general Segalatype systems.
Semantical Principles in the Modal Logic of Coalgebraic
"... Coalgebras for a functor on the category of sets subsume many formulations of the notion of transition system, including labelled transition systems, Kripke models, Kripke frames and many types of automata. This paper presents a multimodal language which is bisimulation invariant and (under a natur ..."
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Cited by 30 (6 self)
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Coalgebras for a functor on the category of sets subsume many formulations of the notion of transition system, including labelled transition systems, Kripke models, Kripke frames and many types of automata. This paper presents a multimodal language which is bisimulation invariant and (under a natural completeness condition) expressive enough to characterise elements of the underlying state space up to bisimulation. Like Moss' coalgebraic logic, the theory can be applied to an arbitrary signature functor on the category of sets. Also, an upper bound for the size of conjunctions and disjunctions needed to obtain characteristic formulas is given.
Algebraiccoalgebraic specification in CoCasl
 J. LOGIC ALGEBRAIC PROGRAMMING
, 2006
"... We introduce CoCasl as a simple coalgebraic extension of the algebraic specification language Casl. CoCasl allows the nested combination of algebraic datatypes and coalgebraic process types. We show that the wellknown coalgebraic modal logic can be expressed in CoCasl. We present sufficient criter ..."
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Cited by 19 (8 self)
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We introduce CoCasl as a simple coalgebraic extension of the algebraic specification language Casl. CoCasl allows the nested combination of algebraic datatypes and coalgebraic process types. We show that the wellknown coalgebraic modal logic can be expressed in CoCasl. We present sufficient criteria for the existence of cofree models, also for several variants of nested cofree and free specifications. Moreover, we describe an extension of the existing proof support for Casl (in the shape of an encoding into higherorder logic) to CoCasl.
Generic trace semantics via coinduction
 Logical Methods in Comp. Sci
, 2007
"... Abstract. Trace semantics has been defined for various kinds of statebased systems, notably with different forms of branching such as nondeterminism vs. probability. In this paper we claim to identify one underlying mathematical structure behind these “trace ..."
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Cited by 17 (6 self)
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Abstract. Trace semantics has been defined for various kinds of statebased systems, notably with different forms of branching such as nondeterminism vs. probability. In this paper we claim to identify one underlying mathematical structure behind these “trace
Coalgebraic Modal Logic of Finite Rank
, 2002
"... This paper studies coalgebras from the perspective of finite observations. We introduce the notion of finite step equivalence and a corresponding category with finite step equivalencepreserving morphisms. This category always has a final object, which generalises the canonical model construction fr ..."
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Cited by 14 (8 self)
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This paper studies coalgebras from the perspective of finite observations. We introduce the notion of finite step equivalence and a corresponding category with finite step equivalencepreserving morphisms. This category always has a final object, which generalises the canonical model construction from Kripke models to coalgebras. We then turn to logics whose formulae are invariant under finite step equivalence, which we call logics of rank . For these logics, we use topological methods and give a characterisation of compact logics and definable classes of models.
A Study of Categories of Algebras and Coalgebras
, 2001
"... This thesis is intended to help develop the theory of coalgebras by, first, taking classic theorems in the theory of universal algebras and dualizing them and, second, developing an internal logic for categories of coalgebras. We begin with an introduction to the categorical approach to algebras and ..."
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Cited by 13 (5 self)
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This thesis is intended to help develop the theory of coalgebras by, first, taking classic theorems in the theory of universal algebras and dualizing them and, second, developing an internal logic for categories of coalgebras. We begin with an introduction to the categorical approach to algebras and the dual notion of coalgebras. Following this, we discuss (co)algebras for a (co)monad and develop a theory of regular subcoalgebras which will be used in the internal logic. We also prove that categories of coalgebras are complete, under reasonably weak conditions, and simultaneously prove the wellknown dual result for categories of algebras. We close the second chapter with a discussion of bisimulations in which we introduce a weaker notion of bisimulation than is current in the literature, but which is wellbehaved and reduces to the standard definition under the assumption of choice. The third chapter is a detailed look at three theorem's of G. Birkho# [Bir35, Bir44], presenting categorical proofs of the theorems which generalize the classical results and which can be easily dualized to apply to categories of coalgebras. The theorems of interest are the variety theorem, the equational completeness theorem and the subdirect product representation theorem. The duals of each of these theorems is discussed in detail, and the dual notion of "coequation" is introduced and several examples given. In the final chapter, we show that first order logic can be interpreted in categories of coalgebras and introduce two modal operators to first order logic to allow reasoning about "endomorphisminvariant" coequations and bisimulations internally. We also develop a translation of terms and formulas into the internal language of the base category, which preserves and reflects truth. La...
Type class polymorphism in an institutional framework
 IN JOSÉ FIADEIRO, EDITOR, 17TH WADT, LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE
, 2005
"... Higherorder logic with shallow type class polymorphism is widely used as a specification formalism. Its polymorphic entities (types, operators, axioms) can easily be equipped with a ‘naive ’ semantics defined in terms of collections of instances. However, this semantics has the unpleasant property ..."
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Cited by 12 (7 self)
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Higherorder logic with shallow type class polymorphism is widely used as a specification formalism. Its polymorphic entities (types, operators, axioms) can easily be equipped with a ‘naive ’ semantics defined in terms of collections of instances. However, this semantics has the unpleasant property that while model reduction preserves satisfaction of sentences, model expansion generally does not. In other words, unless further measures are taken, type class polymorphism fails to constitute a proper institution, being only a socalled rps preinstitution; this is unfortunate, as it means that one cannot use institutionindependent or heterogeneous structuring languages, proof calculi, and tools with it. Here, we suggest to remedy this problem by modifying the notion of model to include information also about its potential future extensions. Our construction works at a high level of generality in the sense that it provides, for any preinstitution, an institution in which the original preinstitution can be represented. The semantics of polymorphism used in the specification language HasCasl makes use of this result. In fact, HasCasl’s polymorphism is a special case of a general notion of polymorphism in institutions introduced here, and our construction leads to the right notion of semantic consequence when applied to this generic polymorphism. The appropriateness of the construction for other frameworks that share the same problem depends on methodological questions to be decided case by case. In particular, it turns out that our method is apparently unsuitable for observational logics, while it works well with abstract state machine formalisms such as statebased Casl.
The Coalgebraic Dual Of Birkhoff's Variety Theorem
, 2000
"... We prove an abstract dual of Birkho's variety theorem for categories E of coalgebras, given suitable assumptions on the underlying category E and suitable : E ## E . We also discuss covarieties closed under bisimulations and show that they are denable by a trivial kind of coequation { namely, ..."
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Cited by 11 (0 self)
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We prove an abstract dual of Birkho's variety theorem for categories E of coalgebras, given suitable assumptions on the underlying category E and suitable : E ## E . We also discuss covarieties closed under bisimulations and show that they are denable by a trivial kind of coequation { namely, over one "color". We end with an example of a covariety which is not closed under bisimulations. This research is part of the Logic of Types and Computation project at Carnegie Mellon University under the direction of Dana Scott.