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The Russian Option: Reduced Regret
, 1993
"... this paper the value of the option (i.e. the supremum in (1.2)) will be found exactly, and in particular it will be shown that the maximum in (1.2) is finite if and only if r ? ¯ : (1.4) Assuming (1.4), an explicit formula is given for both the maximal expected present value and the optimal stopping ..."
Abstract

Cited by 36 (2 self)
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this paper the value of the option (i.e. the supremum in (1.2)) will be found exactly, and in particular it will be shown that the maximum in (1.2) is finite if and only if r ? ¯ : (1.4) Assuming (1.4), an explicit formula is given for both the maximal expected present value and the optimal stopping rule in (2.4), which is not a fixed time rule but depends heavily on the observed values of X t and S t . We call the financial option described above a "Russian option" for two reasons. First, this name serves to (facetiously) differentiate it from American and European options, which have been extensively studied in financial economics, especially with the new interest in market economics in Russia. Second, our solution of the stopping problem (1.2) is derived by the socalled principle of smooth fit, first enunciated by the great Russian mathematician, A. N. Kolmogorov, cf. [4, 5]. The Russian option is characterized by "reduced regret" because the owner is paid the maximum stock price up to the time of exercise and hence feels less remorse at not having exercised at the maximum. For purposes of comparison and to emphasize the mathematical nature of the contribution here, we conclude the paper by analyzing an optimal stopping problem for the Russian option based on Bachelier's (1900) original linear model of stock price fluctuations, X
Smoothness of scale functions for spectrally negative Lévy processes
, 2006
"... Scale functions play a central role in the fluctuation theory of spectrally negative Lévy processes and often appear in the context of martingale relations. These relations are often complicated to establish requiring excursion theory in favour of Itô calculus. The reason for the latter is that stan ..."
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Cited by 25 (8 self)
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Scale functions play a central role in the fluctuation theory of spectrally negative Lévy processes and often appear in the context of martingale relations. These relations are often complicated to establish requiring excursion theory in favour of Itô calculus. The reason for the latter is that standard Itô calculus is only applicable to functions with a sufficient degree of smoothness and knowledge of the precise degree of smoothness of scale functions is seemingly incomplete. The aim of this article is to offer new results concerning properties of scale functions in relation to the smoothness of the underlying Lévy measure. We place particular emphasis on spectrally negative Lévy processes with a Gaussian component and processes of bounded variation. An additional motivation is the very intimate relation of scale functions to renewal functions of subordinators. The results obtained for scale functions have direct implications offering new results concerning the smoothness of such renewal functions for which there seems to be very little existing literature on this topic.
Some calculations for Israeli options
 Finance and Stoch
"... Recently Kifer (2000) introduced the concept of an Israeli (or Game) option. That is a general Americantype option with the added possibility that the writer may terminate the contract early inducing a payment exceeding the holder's claim had they exercised at that moment. Kifer shows that pricing ..."
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Cited by 10 (1 self)
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Recently Kifer (2000) introduced the concept of an Israeli (or Game) option. That is a general Americantype option with the added possibility that the writer may terminate the contract early inducing a payment exceeding the holder's claim had they exercised at that moment. Kifer shows that pricing and hedging of these options reduces to evaluating an optimal stopping problem assocaited with Dynkin games. In this short text we give two examples of perpetual Israeli options where the solutions are explicit.
Discounted optimal stopping for diffusions: freeboundary versus martingale approach
"... The freeboundary and the martingale approach are competitive methods of solving discounted optimal stopping problems for onedimensional timehomogeneous regular diffusion processes on infinite time intervals. We provide a missing link showing the equivalence of these approaches for a problem, wher ..."
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The freeboundary and the martingale approach are competitive methods of solving discounted optimal stopping problems for onedimensional timehomogeneous regular diffusion processes on infinite time intervals. We provide a missing link showing the equivalence of these approaches for a problem, where the optimal stopping time is equal to the first exit time of the underlying process from a region restricted by two constant boundaries. We also consider several illustrating examples including the rational valuation of the perpetual American strangle option. 1