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NonDeterministic Kleene Coalgebras
"... In this paper, we present a systematic way of deriving (1) languages of (generalised) regular expressions, and (2) sound and complete axiomatizations thereof, for a wide variety of systems. This generalizes both the results of Kleene (on regular languages and deterministic finite automata) and Miln ..."
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Cited by 13 (4 self)
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In this paper, we present a systematic way of deriving (1) languages of (generalised) regular expressions, and (2) sound and complete axiomatizations thereof, for a wide variety of systems. This generalizes both the results of Kleene (on regular languages and deterministic finite automata) and Milner (on regular behaviours and finite labelled transition systems), and includes many other systems such as Mealy and Moore machines.
Recursive coalgebras from comonads
 Inform. and Comput
, 2006
"... The concept of recursive coalgebra of a functor was introduced in the 1970s by Osius in his work on categorical set theory to discuss the relationship between wellfounded induction and recursively specified functions. In this paper, we motivate the use of recursive coalgebras as a paradigm of struct ..."
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Cited by 9 (3 self)
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The concept of recursive coalgebra of a functor was introduced in the 1970s by Osius in his work on categorical set theory to discuss the relationship between wellfounded induction and recursively specified functions. In this paper, we motivate the use of recursive coalgebras as a paradigm of structured recursion in programming semantics, list some basic facts about recursive coalgebras and, centrally, give new conditions for the recursiveness of a coalgebra based on comonads, comonadcoalgebras and distributive laws of functors over comonads. We also present an alternative construction using countable products instead of cofree comonads.
Explicit Substitutions and HigherOrder Syntax (Extended Abstract)
 in Proc. of 2nd ACM SIGPLAN Wksh. on Mechanized Reasoning about Languages with Variable Binding, MERLIN'03
, 2003
"... Neil Ghani Dept. of Math. and Comp. Sci. ..."
Generalizing Substitution
, 2003
"... It is well known that, given an endofunctor H on a category C, the initial (A + H−)algebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of (wellfounded) Hterms over different variable supplies A, give rise to a monad with substitution as the extension operation (the free monad induced by the functor H). Mo ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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It is well known that, given an endofunctor H on a category C, the initial (A + H−)algebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of (wellfounded) Hterms over different variable supplies A, give rise to a monad with substitution as the extension operation (the free monad induced by the functor H). Moss [17] and Aczel, Adámek, Milius and Velebil [2] have shown that a similar monad, which even enjoys the additional special property of having iterations for all guarded substitution rules (complete iterativeness), arises from the inverses of the final (A + H−)coalgebras (if existing), i.e., the algebras of nonwellfounded Hterms. We show that, upon an appropriate generalization of the notion of substitution, the same can more generally be said about the initial T ′ (A, −)algebras resp. the inverses of the final T ′ (A, −)coalgebras for any endobifunctor T ′ on any category C such that the functors T ′ (−,X) uniformly carry a monad structure.
COPRODUCTS OF IDEAL MONADS
, 2004
"... The question of how to combine monads arises naturally in many areas with much recent interest focusing on the coproduct of two monads. In general, the coproduct of arbitrary monads does not always exist. Although a rather general construction was given by ..."
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Cited by 4 (1 self)
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The question of how to combine monads arises naturally in many areas with much recent interest focusing on the coproduct of two monads. In general, the coproduct of arbitrary monads does not always exist. Although a rather general construction was given by
ELGOT ALGEBRAS †
, 2006
"... Abstract. Denotational semantics can be based on algebras with additional structure (order, metric, etc.) which makes it possible to interpret recursive specifications. It was the idea of Elgot to base denotational semantics on iterative theories instead, i.e., theories in which abstract recursive s ..."
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Cited by 3 (0 self)
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Abstract. Denotational semantics can be based on algebras with additional structure (order, metric, etc.) which makes it possible to interpret recursive specifications. It was the idea of Elgot to base denotational semantics on iterative theories instead, i.e., theories in which abstract recursive specifications are required to have unique solutions. Later Bloom and Ésik studied iteration theories and iteration algebras in which a specified solution has to obey certain axioms. We propose socalled Elgot algebras as a convenient structure for semantics in the present paper. An Elgot algebra is an algebra with a specified solution for every system of flat recursive equations. That specification satisfies two simple and well motivated axioms: functoriality (stating that solutions are stable under renaming of recursion variables) and compositionality (stating how to perform simultaneous recursion). These two axioms stem canonically from Elgot’s iterative theories: We prove that the
Languages, Theory
"... Recently there has been a great deal of interest in higherorder syntax which seeks to extend standard initial algebra semantics to cover languages with variable binding by using functor categories. The canonical example studied in the literature is that of the untyped λcalculus which is handled as ..."
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Recently there has been a great deal of interest in higherorder syntax which seeks to extend standard initial algebra semantics to cover languages with variable binding by using functor categories. The canonical example studied in the literature is that of the untyped λcalculus which is handled as an instance of the general theory of binding algebras, cf. Fiore, Plotkin, Turi [8]. Another important syntactic construction is that of explicit substitutions. The syntax of a language with explicit substitutions does not form a binding algebra as an explicit substitution may bind an arbitrary number of variables. Nevertheless we show that the language given by a standard signature Σ and explicit substitutions is naturally modelled as the initial algebra of the endofunctor Id + FΣ ◦ + ◦ on a functor category. We also comment on the apparent lack of modularity in syntax with variable binding as compared to firstorder languages. Categories and Subject Descriptors
Kleene Coalgebra – an overview
"... Abstract. Coalgebras provide a uniform framework for the study of dynamical systems, including several types of automata. The coalgebraic view on systems has recently been proved relevant by the development of a number of expression calculi which generalize classical results by Kleene, on regular ex ..."
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Abstract. Coalgebras provide a uniform framework for the study of dynamical systems, including several types of automata. The coalgebraic view on systems has recently been proved relevant by the development of a number of expression calculi which generalize classical results by Kleene, on regular expressions, and by Kozen, on Kleene algebra. This note contains an overview of the motivation and results of the generic framework we developed – Kleene Coalgebra – to uniformly derive the aforementioned calculi. We present an historical overview of work on regular expressions and axiomatizations, as well a discussion of related work. We show applications of the framework to three types of probabilistic systems: simple Segala, stratified and PnueliZuck. 1
A Sound and complete axiomatisations of coalgebraic language equivalence
"... Coalgebras provide a uniform framework to study dynamical systems, including several types of automata. In this paper, we make use of the coalgebraic view on systems to investigate, in a uniform way, under which conditions calculi that are sound and complete with respect to behavioral equivalence ca ..."
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Coalgebras provide a uniform framework to study dynamical systems, including several types of automata. In this paper, we make use of the coalgebraic view on systems to investigate, in a uniform way, under which conditions calculi that are sound and complete with respect to behavioral equivalence can be extended to a coarser coalgebraic language equivalence, which arises from a generalised powerset construction that determinises coalgebras. We show that soundness and completeness are established by proving that expressions modulo axioms of a calculus form the rational fixpoint of the given type functor. Our main result is that the rational fixpoint of the functor F T, where T is a monad describing the branching of the systems (e.g. nondeterminism, weights, probability etc.), has as a quotient the rational fixpoint of the “determinised ” type functor ¯ F, a lifting of F to the category of Talgebras. We apply our framework to the concrete example of weighted automata, for which we present a new sound and complete calculus for weighted language equivalence. As a special case, we obtain nondeterministic automata, where we recover Rabinovich’s sound and complete calculus for language equivalence.