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78
C.H.: Visibility Preprocessing For Interactive Walkthroughs
 In: Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH 91 Proceedings
, 1991
"... The number of polygons comprising interesting architectural models is many more than can be rendered at interactive frame rates. However, due to occlusion by opaque surfaces (e.g., walls), only a small fraction of atypical model is visible from most viewpoints. We describe a method of visibility pre ..."
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Cited by 283 (15 self)
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The number of polygons comprising interesting architectural models is many more than can be rendered at interactive frame rates. However, due to occlusion by opaque surfaces (e.g., walls), only a small fraction of atypical model is visible from most viewpoints. We describe a method of visibility preprocessing that is efficient andeffective foraxisaligned oril.ria / architectural m[}dels, A model is subdivided into rectangular cc//.$whose boundaries coincide with major opaque surfaces, Nonopaque p(~rtc~/.rare identified rm cell boundaries. and used to form ana~ju{~’n~y,q)f~/>//con nectingthe cells nfthesubdivisicm. Next. theccl/r/~cc/ / visibility is computed for each cell of the subdivisirrn, by linking pairs of cells between which unobstructed.si,q/~t/inr. ~exist. During an interactive ww/krhrm/,q/~phase, an observer with a known ~~sition and\it)M~~~)~t>mov esthrc>ughthe model. At each frame, the cell containingthe observer is identified, and the contents {]fp{>tentially visible cells areretrieved from storage. The set of potentially visible cells is further reduced by culling it against theobserver’s view cone, producing the ~)yt>r~]t(>// \ i,$ibi/ify, The contents of the remaining visible cells arc then sent to a graphics pipeline for hiddensurface removal and rendering, Tests onmoderatelyc mnplex 2D and 3D axial models reveal substantially reduced rendering loads,
Geometric Range Searching and Its Relatives
 CONTEMPORARY MATHEMATICS
"... ... process a set S of points in so that the points of S lying inside a query R region can be reported or counted quickly. Wesurvey the known techniques and data structures for range searching and describe their application to other related searching problems. ..."
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Cited by 254 (41 self)
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... process a set S of points in so that the points of S lying inside a query R region can be reported or counted quickly. Wesurvey the known techniques and data structures for range searching and describe their application to other related searching problems.
Combinatorial Geometry
, 1995
"... Abstract. Let P be a set of n points in ~d (where d is a small fixed positive integer), and let F be a collection of subsets of ~d, each of which is defined by a constant number of bounded degree polynomial inequalities. We consider the following Frange searching problem: Given P, build a data stru ..."
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Cited by 164 (26 self)
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Abstract. Let P be a set of n points in ~d (where d is a small fixed positive integer), and let F be a collection of subsets of ~d, each of which is defined by a constant number of bounded degree polynomial inequalities. We consider the following Frange searching problem: Given P, build a data structure for efficient answering of queries of the form, &quot;Given a 7 ~ F, count (or report) the points of P lying in 7.&quot; Generalizing the simplex range searching techniques, we give a solution with nearly linear space and preprocessing time and with O(n 1 x/b+~) query time, where d < b < 2d 3 and ~> 0 is an arbitrarily small constant. The acutal value of b is related to the problem of partitioning arrangements of algebraic surfaces into cells with a constant description complexity. We present some of the applications of Frange searching problem, including improved ray shooting among triangles in ~3 1.
Applications of parametric searching in geometric optimization
 J. Algorithms
, 1994
"... z Sivan Toledo x ..."
Visibility, Occlusion, and the Aspect Graph
, 1987
"... In this paper we study the ways in which the topology of the image of a polyhedron changes with changing viewpoint. We catalog the ways that the topological appearance, or aspect, can change. This enables us to find maximal regions of viewpoints of the same aspect. We use these techniques to constru ..."
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Cited by 89 (7 self)
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In this paper we study the ways in which the topology of the image of a polyhedron changes with changing viewpoint. We catalog the ways that the topological appearance, or aspect, can change. This enables us to find maximal regions of viewpoints of the same aspect. We use these techniques to construct the viewpoint space partition (VSP), a partition of viewpoint space into maximal regions of constant aspect, and its dual, the aspect graph. In this paper we present tight bounds on the maximum size of the VSP and the aspect graph and give algorithms for their construction, first in the convex case and then in the general case. In particular, we give bounds on the maximum size of Q(n 2 ) and Q (n 6 ) under an orthographic projection viewing model and of Q(n 3 ) and Q(n 9 ) under a perspective viewing model. The algorithms make use of a new representation of the appearance of polyhedra from all viewpoints, called the aspect representation or asp. We believe that this representation...
On Range Searching with Semialgebraic Sets
 DISCRETE COMPUT. GEOM
, 1994
"... Let P be a set of n points in R d (where d is a small fixed positive integer), and let \Gamma be a collection of subsets of R d , each of which is defined by a constant number of bounded degree polynomials. We consider the following \Gammarange searching problem: Given P , build a data structur ..."
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Cited by 80 (22 self)
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Let P be a set of n points in R d (where d is a small fixed positive integer), and let \Gamma be a collection of subsets of R d , each of which is defined by a constant number of bounded degree polynomials. We consider the following \Gammarange searching problem: Given P , build a data structure for efficient answering of queries of the form `Given a fl 2 \Gamma, count (or report) the points of P lying in fl'. Generalizing the simplex range searching techniques, we give a solution with nearly linear space and preprocessing time and with O(n 1\Gamma1=b+ffi ) query time, where d b 2d \Gamma 3 and ffi ? 0 is an arbitrarily small constant. The actual value of b is related to the problem of partitioning arrangements of algebraic surfaces into constantcomplexity cells. We present some of the applications of \Gammarange searching problem, including improved ray shooting among triangles in R³.
QuerySensitive Ray Shooting
 IN PROC. 10TH ANNU. ACM SYMPOS. COMPUT. GEOM
, 1994
"... Ray (segment) shooting is the problem of determining the first intersection between a ray (directed line segment) and a collection of polygonal or polyhedral obstacles. In order to process queries efficiently, the set of obstacle polyhedra is usually preprocessed into a data structure. In this pa ..."
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Cited by 48 (10 self)
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Ray (segment) shooting is the problem of determining the first intersection between a ray (directed line segment) and a collection of polygonal or polyhedral obstacles. In order to process queries efficiently, the set of obstacle polyhedra is usually preprocessed into a data structure. In this paper, we propose a querysensitive data structure for ray shooting, which means that the performance of our data structure depends on the "local" geometry of obstacles near the query segment. We measure the complexity of the local geometry near the segment by a parameter called the simple cover complexity , denoted by scc(s) for a segment s. Our data structure consists of a subdivision that partitions the space into a collection of polyhedral cells of O(1) complexity. We answer a segment shooting query by walking along the segment through the subdivision. Our first result is that, for any fixed dimension d, there exists a simple hierarchical subdivision in which no query segment s int...
Dynamic Trees and Dynamic Point Location
 In Proc. 23rd Annu. ACM Sympos. Theory Comput
, 1991
"... This paper describes new methods for maintaining a pointlocation data structure for a dynamicallychanging monotone subdivision S. The main approach is based on the maintenance of two interlaced spanning trees, one for S and one for the graphtheoretic planar dual of S. Queries are answered by using ..."
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Cited by 44 (9 self)
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This paper describes new methods for maintaining a pointlocation data structure for a dynamicallychanging monotone subdivision S. The main approach is based on the maintenance of two interlaced spanning trees, one for S and one for the graphtheoretic planar dual of S. Queries are answered by using a centroid decomposition of the dual tree to drive searches in the primal tree. These trees are maintained via the linkcut trees structure of Sleator and Tarjan, leading to a scheme that achieves vertex insertion/deletion in O(log n) time, insertion/deletion of kedge monotone chains in O(log n + k) time, and answers queries in O(log 2 n) time, with O(n) space, where n is the current size of subdivision S. The techniques described also allow for the dual operations expand and contract to be implemented in O(log n) time, leading to an improved method for spatial pointlocation in a 3dimensional convex subdivision. In addition, the interlacedtree approach is applied to online pointlo...
Dynamic Ray Shooting and Shortest Paths in Planar Subdivisions via Balanced Geodesic Triangulations
 J. Algorithms
, 1997
"... We give new methods for maintaining a data structure that supports ray shooting and shortest path queries in a dynamicallychanging connected planar subdivision S. Our approach is based on a new dynamic method for maintaining a balanced decomposition of a simple polygon via geodesic triangles. We ma ..."
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Cited by 38 (3 self)
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We give new methods for maintaining a data structure that supports ray shooting and shortest path queries in a dynamicallychanging connected planar subdivision S. Our approach is based on a new dynamic method for maintaining a balanced decomposition of a simple polygon via geodesic triangles. We maintain such triangulations by viewing their dual trees as balanced trees. We show that rotations in these trees can be implemented via a simple "diagonal swapping" operation performed on the corresponding geodesic triangles, and that edge insertion and deletion can be implemented on these trees using operations akin to the standard split and splice operations. We also maintain a dynamic point location structure on the geodesic triangulation, so that we may implement ray shooting queries by first locating the ray's endpoint and then walking along the ray from geodesic triangle to geodesic triangle until we hit the boundary of some region of S. The shortest path between two points in the same ...
An efficient outputsensitive hiddensurface removal algorithm for polyhedral terrains
, 1994
"... In this paper, we present an algorithm for hidden surface removal for a class of polyhedral surfaces which have a property that they can be ordered relatively quickly. For example, our results apply directly to terrain maps. A distinguishing feature of our algorithm is that its running time is sen ..."
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Cited by 35 (1 self)
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In this paper, we present an algorithm for hidden surface removal for a class of polyhedral surfaces which have a property that they can be ordered relatively quickly. For example, our results apply directly to terrain maps. A distinguishing feature of our algorithm is that its running time is sensitive to the actual size of the visible image, rather than the total number of intersections in the image plaue which can be much larger than the visible image. The time complexity of this algorithm is O((k + n) log ’ n) where n and /c are, respectively, the input and the output sizes. Thus, in a significant number of situations this will be faster than the worst case optimal algorithms which have running time of n(n²) irrespective of the output size.