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14
Presheaf Models for Concurrency
, 1999
"... In this dissertation we investigate presheaf models for concurrent computation. Our aim is to provide a systematic treatment of bisimulation for a wide range of concurrent process calculi. Bisimilarity is defined abstractly in terms of open maps as in the work of Joyal, Nielsen and Winskel. Their wo ..."
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Cited by 45 (19 self)
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In this dissertation we investigate presheaf models for concurrent computation. Our aim is to provide a systematic treatment of bisimulation for a wide range of concurrent process calculi. Bisimilarity is defined abstractly in terms of open maps as in the work of Joyal, Nielsen and Winskel. Their work inspired this thesis by suggesting that presheaf categories could provide abstract models for concurrency with a builtin notion of bisimulation. We show how
Pseudo limits, biadjoints, and pseudo algebras: categorical foundations of conformal field theory
 Mem. Amer. Math. Soc
"... The purpose of this paper is to work out the categorical basis for the foundations of Conformal Field Theory. The definition of Conformal Field Theory was outlined in Segal [45] and recently given in [24] and [25]. Concepts of 2category theory, such as versions of algebra, limit, colimit, and adjun ..."
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Cited by 18 (8 self)
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The purpose of this paper is to work out the categorical basis for the foundations of Conformal Field Theory. The definition of Conformal Field Theory was outlined in Segal [45] and recently given in [24] and [25]. Concepts of 2category theory, such as versions of algebra, limit, colimit, and adjunction, are necessary for this
Higher dimensional algebra VII: Groupoidification
, 2010
"... Groupoidification is a form of categorification in which vector spaces are replaced by groupoids and linear operators are replaced by spans of groupoids. We introduce this idea with a detailed exposition of ‘degroupoidification’: a systematic process that turns groupoids and spans into vector space ..."
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Cited by 9 (3 self)
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Groupoidification is a form of categorification in which vector spaces are replaced by groupoids and linear operators are replaced by spans of groupoids. We introduce this idea with a detailed exposition of ‘degroupoidification’: a systematic process that turns groupoids and spans into vector spaces and linear operators. Then we present three applications of groupoidification. The first is to Feynman diagrams. The Hilbert space for the quantum harmonic oscillator arises naturally from degroupoidifying the groupoid of finite sets and bijections. This allows for a purely combinatorial interpretation of creation and annihilation operators, their commutation relations, field operators, their normalordered powers, and finally Feynman diagrams. The second application is to Hecke algebras. We explain how to groupoidify the Hecke algebra associated to a Dynkin diagram whenever the deformation parameter q is a prime power. We illustrate this with the simplest nontrivial example, coming from the A2 Dynkin diagram. In this example we show that the solution of the Yang–Baxter equation built into the A2 Hecke algebra arises naturally from the axioms of projective geometry applied to the projective plane over the finite field Fq. The third application is to Hall algebras. We explain how the standard construction of the Hall algebra from the category of Fq representations of a simplylaced quiver can be seen as an example of degroupoidification. This in turn provides a new way to categorify—or more precisely, groupoidify—the positive part of the quantum group associated to the quiver.
Groupoidification Made Easy
, 2008
"... Groupoidification is a form of categorification in which vector spaces are replaced by groupoids, and linear operators are replaced by spans of groupoids. We introduce this idea with a detailed exposition of ‘degroupoidification’: a systematic process that turns groupoids and spans into vector space ..."
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Cited by 7 (0 self)
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Groupoidification is a form of categorification in which vector spaces are replaced by groupoids, and linear operators are replaced by spans of groupoids. We introduce this idea with a detailed exposition of ‘degroupoidification’: a systematic process that turns groupoids and spans into vector spaces and linear operators. Then we present two applications of groupoidification. The first is to Feynman diagrams. The Hilbert space for the quantum harmonic oscillator arises naturally from degroupoidifying the groupoid of finite sets and bijections. This allows for a purely combinatorial interpretation of creation and annihilation operators, their commutation relations, field operators, their normalordered powers, and finally Feynman diagrams. The second application is to Hecke algebras. We explain how to groupoidify the Hecke algebra associated to a Dynkin diagram whenever the deformation parameter q is a prime power. We illustrate this with the simplest nontrivial example, coming from the A2 Dynkin diagram. In this example we show that the solution of the Yang– Baxter equation built into the A2 Hecke algebra arises naturally from the axioms of projective geometry applied to the projective plane over the finite field Fq.
On PropertyLike Structures
, 1997
"... A category may bear many monoidal structures, but (to within a unique isomorphism) only one structure of "category with finite products". To capture such distinctions, we consider on a 2category those 2monads for which algebra structure is essentially unique if it exists, giving a precise mathemat ..."
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Cited by 7 (3 self)
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A category may bear many monoidal structures, but (to within a unique isomorphism) only one structure of "category with finite products". To capture such distinctions, we consider on a 2category those 2monads for which algebra structure is essentially unique if it exists, giving a precise mathematical definition of "essentially unique" and investigating its consequences. We call such 2monads propertylike. We further consider the more restricted class of fully propertylike 2monads, consisting of those propertylike 2monads for which all 2cells between (even lax) algebra morphisms are algebra 2cells. The consideration of lax morphisms leads us to a new characterization of those monads, studied by Kock and Zoberlein, for which "structure is adjoint to unit", and which we now call laxidempotent 2monads: both these and their colaxidempotent duals are fully propertylike. We end by showing that (at least for finitary 2monads) the classes of propertylikes, fully propertylike...
Homotopytheoretic aspects of 2–monads
 J. Homotopy Relat. Struct
"... We study 2monads and their algebras using a Catenriched version of Quillen model categories, emphasizing the parallels between the homotopical and 2categorical points of view. Every 2category with finite limits and colimits has a canonical model structure in which the weak equivalences are the e ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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We study 2monads and their algebras using a Catenriched version of Quillen model categories, emphasizing the parallels between the homotopical and 2categorical points of view. Every 2category with finite limits and colimits has a canonical model structure in which the weak equivalences are the equivalences; we use these to construct more interesting model structures on 2categories, including a model structure on the 2category of algebras for a 2monad T, and a model structure on a 2category of 2monads on a fixed 2category K. 1
An Australian conspectus of higher categories

, 2004
"... Much Australian work on categories is part of, or relevant to, the development of higher categories and their theory. In this note, I hope to describe some of the origins and achievements of our efforts that they might perchance serve as a guide to the development of aspects of higherdimensional wo ..."
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Cited by 6 (0 self)
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Much Australian work on categories is part of, or relevant to, the development of higher categories and their theory. In this note, I hope to describe some of the origins and achievements of our efforts that they might perchance serve as a guide to the development of aspects of higherdimensional work. I trust that the somewhat autobiographical style will add interest rather than be a distraction. For so long I have felt rather apologetic when describing how categories might be helpful to other mathematicians; I have often felt even worse when mentioning enriched and higher categories to category theorists. This is not to say that I have doubted the value of our work, rather that I have felt slowed down by the continual pressure to defend it. At last, at this meeting, I feel justified in speaking freely amongst motivated researchers who know the need for the subject is well established. Australian Category Theory has its roots in homology theory: more precisely, in the treatment of the cohomology ring and the Künneth formulas in the book by Hilton and Wylie [HW]. The first edition of the book had a mistake concerning the cohomology ring of a product. The Künneth formulas arise from splittings of the natural short exact sequences
Higher Dimensional Algebra VII
 Groupoidification, in Theory and Applications of Categories, Available at arXiv:0908.4305
"... Groupoidification is a form of categorification in which vector spaces are replaced by groupoids and linear operators are replaced by spans of groupoids. We introduce this idea with a detailed exposition of ‘degroupoidification’: a systematic process that turns groupoids and spans into vector spaces ..."
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Cited by 2 (2 self)
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Groupoidification is a form of categorification in which vector spaces are replaced by groupoids and linear operators are replaced by spans of groupoids. We introduce this idea with a detailed exposition of ‘degroupoidification’: a systematic process that turns groupoids and spans into vector spaces and linear operators. Then we present three applications of groupoidification. The first is to Feynman diagrams. The Hilbert space for the quantum harmonic oscillator arises naturally from degroupoidifying the groupoid of finite sets and bijections. This allows for a purely combinatorial interpretation of creation and annihilation operators, their commutation relations, field operators, their normalordered powers, and finally Feynman diagrams. The second application is to Hecke algebras. We explain how to groupoidify the Hecke algebra associated to a Dynkin diagram whenever the deformation parameter q is a prime power. We illustrate this with the simplest nontrivial example, coming from the A2 Dynkin diagram. In this example we show that the solution of the Yang–Baxter equation built into the A2 Hecke algebra arises naturally from the axioms of projective geometry applied to the projective plane over the finite field Fq. The third application is to Hall algebras. We explain how the standard construction of the Hall algebra from the category of Fq representations of a simplylaced quiver can be seen as an example of degroupoidification. This in turn provides a new way to categorify— or more precisely, groupoidify—the positive part of the quantum group associated to the quiver. 1
A 2categories companion
"... Abstract. This paper is a rather informal guide to some of the basic theory of 2categories and bicategories, including notions of limit and colimit, 2dimensional universal algebra, formal category theory, and nerves of bicategories. 1. Overview and basic examples This paper is a rather informal gu ..."
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Cited by 2 (0 self)
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Abstract. This paper is a rather informal guide to some of the basic theory of 2categories and bicategories, including notions of limit and colimit, 2dimensional universal algebra, formal category theory, and nerves of bicategories. 1. Overview and basic examples This paper is a rather informal guide to some of the basic theory of 2categories and bicategories, including notions of limit and colimit, 2dimensional universal algebra, formal category theory, and nerves of bicategories. As is the way of these things, the choice of topics is somewhat personal. No attempt is made at either rigour or completeness. Nor is it completely introductory: you will not find a definition of bicategory; but then nor will you really need one to read it. In keeping with the philosophy of category theory, the morphisms between bicategories play more of a role than the bicategories themselves. 1.1. The key players. There are bicategories, 2categories, and Catcategories. The latter two are exactly the same (except that strictly speaking a Catcategory should have small homcategories, but that need not concern us here). The first two are nominally different — the 2categories are the strict bicategories, and not every bicategory is strict — but every bicategory is biequivalent to a strict one, and biequivalence is the right general notion of equivalence for bicategories and for 2categories. Nonetheless, the theories of bicategories, 2categories, and Catcategories have rather different flavours.