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On the NoCounterexample Interpretation
 J. SYMBOLIC LOGIC
, 1997
"... In [15],[16] Kreisel introduced the nocounterexample interpretation (n.c.i.) of Peano arithmetic. In particular he proved, using a complicated "substitution method (due to W. Ackermann), that for every theorem A (A prenex) of firstorder Peano arithmetic PA one can find ordinal recursive functi ..."
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Cited by 18 (10 self)
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In [15],[16] Kreisel introduced the nocounterexample interpretation (n.c.i.) of Peano arithmetic. In particular he proved, using a complicated "substitution method (due to W. Ackermann), that for every theorem A (A prenex) of firstorder Peano arithmetic PA one can find ordinal recursive functionals \Phi A of order type ! " 0 which realize the Herbrand normal form A of A. Subsequently more
A New Method for Establishing Conservativity of Classical Systems Over Their Intuitionistic Version
"... this paper we present such a method. Applied to I \Sigma ..."
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Cited by 16 (1 self)
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this paper we present such a method. Applied to I \Sigma
Predicative Foundations of Arithmetic
 Journal of Philosophical Logic
, 1995
"... Predicative mathematics in the sense originating with Poincaré andWeylbegins by taking the natural number system for granted, proceeding immediately to real analysis and related fields. On the other hand, from a logicist or settheoretic standpoint, this appears problematic, for, as the story is usu ..."
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Cited by 10 (3 self)
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Predicative mathematics in the sense originating with Poincaré andWeylbegins by taking the natural number system for granted, proceeding immediately to real analysis and related fields. On the other hand, from a logicist or settheoretic standpoint, this appears problematic, for, as the story is usually told, impredicative
On the Arithmetical Content of Restricted Forms of Comprehension, Choice and General Uniform Boundedness
 PURE AND APPLIED LOGIC
, 1997
"... In this paper the numerical strength of fragments of arithmetical comprehension, choice and general uniform boundedness is studied systematically. These principles are investigated relative to base systems T n in all finite types which are suited to formalize substantial parts of analysis but ..."
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Cited by 9 (4 self)
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In this paper the numerical strength of fragments of arithmetical comprehension, choice and general uniform boundedness is studied systematically. These principles are investigated relative to base systems T n in all finite types which are suited to formalize substantial parts of analysis but nevertheless have provably recursive function(al)s of low growth. We reduce the use of instances of these principles in T n proofs of a large class of formulas to the use of instances of certain arithmetical principles thereby determining faithfully the arithmetical content of the former. This is achieved using the method of elimination of Skolem functions for monotone formulas which was introduced by the author in a previous paper. As
Challenges to Predicative Foundations of Arithmetic
 in Between Logic and Intuition Essays in Honor of Charles Parsons
, 1996
"... This paper was written while the first author was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford, CA) whose facilities and support, under grants from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the National Science Foundation, have been greatly appreciated. ..."
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Cited by 4 (0 self)
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This paper was written while the first author was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford, CA) whose facilities and support, under grants from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the National Science Foundation, have been greatly appreciated.
Things that can and things that can't be done in PRA
, 1998
"... It is wellknown by now that large parts of (nonconstructive) mathematical reasoning can be carried out in systems T which are conservative over primitive recursive arithmetic PRA (and even much weaker systems). On the other hand there are principles S of elementary analysis (like the BolzanoW ..."
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Cited by 3 (1 self)
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It is wellknown by now that large parts of (nonconstructive) mathematical reasoning can be carried out in systems T which are conservative over primitive recursive arithmetic PRA (and even much weaker systems). On the other hand there are principles S of elementary analysis (like the BolzanoWeierstra principle, the existence of a limit superior for bounded sequences etc.) which are known to be equivalent to arithmetical comprehension (relative to T ) and therefore go far beyond the strength of PRA (when added to T ). In this paper
A simple proof of Parsons' theorem
"... Let I# 1 be the fragment of elementary Peano Arithmetic in which induction is restricted to #1formulas. More than three decades ago, Charles Parsons showed that the provably total functions of I# 1 are exactly the primitive recursive functions. In this paper, we observe that Parsons' result is ..."
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Cited by 3 (2 self)
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Let I# 1 be the fragment of elementary Peano Arithmetic in which induction is restricted to #1formulas. More than three decades ago, Charles Parsons showed that the provably total functions of I# 1 are exactly the primitive recursive functions. In this paper, we observe that Parsons' result is a consequence of Herbrand's theorem concerning the of universal theories. We give a selfcontained proof requiring only basic knowledge of mathematical logic.
A note on the Π 0 2induction rule
 Arch. Math. Logic
, 1995
"... It is well–known (due to C. Parsons) that the extension of primitive recursive arithmetic PRA by first–order predicate logic and the rule of Π 0 2 –induction Π0 2 –IR is Π02 –conservative over PRA. We show that this is no longer true in the presence of function quantifiers and quantifier–free choice ..."
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Cited by 3 (3 self)
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It is well–known (due to C. Parsons) that the extension of primitive recursive arithmetic PRA by first–order predicate logic and the rule of Π 0 2 –induction Π0 2 –IR is Π02 –conservative over PRA. We show that this is no longer true in the presence of function quantifiers and quantifier–free choice for numbers AC0,0 – qf. More precisely we show that T:=PRA2 + Π0 2 –IR+AC0,0–qf proves the totality of the Ackermann function, where PRA2 is the extension of PRA by number and function quantifiers and Π0 2 –IR may contain function parameters. This is true even for PRA2 + Σ0 1 –IR+Π02 –IR−+AC0,0–qf, where Π0 2 –IR − is the restriction of Π0 2 –IR without function parameters. 1 Let (PRA) denote the extension of primitive recursive arithmetic obtained by adding first–order predicate logic. By the rule IR of induction we mean
Prooftheoretic analysis by iterated reflection
 Arch. Math. Logic
"... Progressions of iterated reflection principles can be used as a tool for ordinal analysis of formal systems. Technically, in some sense, they replace the use of omegarule. We compare the information obtained by this kind of analysis with the results obtained by the more usual prooftheoretic techni ..."
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Progressions of iterated reflection principles can be used as a tool for ordinal analysis of formal systems. Technically, in some sense, they replace the use of omegarule. We compare the information obtained by this kind of analysis with the results obtained by the more usual prooftheoretic techniques. In some cases the techniques of iterated reflection principles allows to obtain sharper results, e.g., to define prooftheoretic ordinals relevant to logical complexity Π 0 1. We provide a more general version of the fine structure formulas for iterated reflection principles (due to U. Schmerl [24]). This allows us, in a uniform manner, to analyze main fragments of arithmetic axiomatized by restricted forms of induction, including IΣn, IΣ − n, IΠ − n and their combinations. We also obtain new conservation results relating the hierarchies of uniform and local reflection principles. In particular, we show that (for a sufficiently broad class of theories T) the uniform Σ1reflection principle for T is Σ2conservative over the corresponding local reflection principle. This bears some corollaries on the hierarchies of restricted induction schemata in arithmetic and provides a key tool for our generalization of Schmerl’s theorem. 1