Results 1  10
of
474
Large N field theories, string theory and gravity
, 2001
"... We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Antide Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this correspondence and discuss its motivations and the evide ..."
Abstract

Cited by 934 (41 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Antide Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this correspondence and discuss its motivations and the evidence for its correctness. We describe the main results that have been derived from the correspondence in the regime that the field theory is approximated by classical or semiclassical gravity. We focus on the case of the N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theory in four dimensions, but we discuss also field theories in other dimensions, conformal and nonconformal, with or without supersymmetry, and in particular the relation to QCD. We also discuss some implications for black hole physics.
ChernSimons Gauge Theory as a String Theory”, Prog
 Math
, 1995
"... Certain two dimensional topological field theories can be interpreted as string theory backgrounds in which the usual decoupling of ghosts and matter does not hold. Like ordinary string models, these can sometimes be given spacetime interpretations. For instance, threedimensional ChernSimons gaug ..."
Abstract

Cited by 417 (10 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Certain two dimensional topological field theories can be interpreted as string theory backgrounds in which the usual decoupling of ghosts and matter does not hold. Like ordinary string models, these can sometimes be given spacetime interpretations. For instance, threedimensional ChernSimons gauge theory can arise as a string theory. The worldsheet model in this case involves a topological sigma model. Instanton contributions to the sigma model give rise to Wilson line insertions in the spacetime ChernSimons theory. A certain holomorphic analog of ChernSimons theory can also arise as a string theory. In this paper, I will describe how ChernSimons gauge theory in three dimensions can be viewed as a string theory. The string theory in question will be constructed using a topological sigma model [1] (related to Floer/Gromov theory) in which the target space is T ∗M, M being a threemanifold. The perturbation
Anti de Sitter space and holography
, 1998
"... Recently, it has been proposed by Maldacena that large N limits of certain conformal field theories in d dimensions can be described in terms of supergravity (and string theory) on the product of d+1dimensional AdS space with a compact manifold. Here we elaborate on this idea and propose a precise ..."
Abstract

Cited by 302 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Recently, it has been proposed by Maldacena that large N limits of certain conformal field theories in d dimensions can be described in terms of supergravity (and string theory) on the product of d+1dimensional AdS space with a compact manifold. Here we elaborate on this idea and propose a precise correspondence between conformal field theory observables and those of supergravity: correlation functions in conformal field theory are given by the dependence of the supergravity action on the asymptotic behavior at infinity. In particular, dimensions of operators in conformal field theory are given by masses of particles in supergravity. As quantitative confirmation of this correspondence, we note that the KaluzaKlein modes of Type IIB supergravity on AdS5×S5 match with the chiral operators of N = 4 super YangMills theory in four dimensions. With some further assumptions, one can deduce a Hamiltonian version of the correspondence and show that the N = 4 theory has a large N phase transition related to the thermodynamics of AdS black holes. February
Mirror Manifolds and Topological Field Theory
 in Essays on Mirror Manifolds (ed. S.T. Yau), International Press, Hong Kong
, 1992
"... In N = 4 super YangMills theory on a fourmanifold M, one can specify a discrete magnetic flux valued in H2 (M,ZN). This flux is encoded in the AdS/CFT correspondence in terms of a fivedimensional topological field theory with ChernSimons action. A similar topological field theory in seven dimens ..."
Abstract

Cited by 293 (13 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In N = 4 super YangMills theory on a fourmanifold M, one can specify a discrete magnetic flux valued in H2 (M,ZN). This flux is encoded in the AdS/CFT correspondence in terms of a fivedimensional topological field theory with ChernSimons action. A similar topological field theory in seven dimensions governs the space of “conformal blocks ” of the sixdimensional (0, 2) conformal field theory. December
On conformal field theories
 in fourdimensions,” Nucl. Phys. B533
, 1998
"... We review the generalization of field theory to spacetime with noncommuting coordinates, starting with the basics and covering most of the active directions of research. Such theories are now known to emerge from limits of M theory and string theory, and to describe quantum Hall states. In the last ..."
Abstract

Cited by 268 (1 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We review the generalization of field theory to spacetime with noncommuting coordinates, starting with the basics and covering most of the active directions of research. Such theories are now known to emerge from limits of M theory and string theory, and to describe quantum Hall states. In the last few years they have been studied intensively, and many qualitatively new phenomena have been discovered, both on the classical and quantum level. Submitted to Reviews of Modern Physics.
On the gauge theory/geometry correspondence
 Adv. Theor. Math. Phys
, 1999
"... The ’t Hooft expansion of SU(N) ChernSimons theory on S3 is proposed to be exactly dual to the topological closed string theory on the S2 blow up of the conifold geometry. The Bfield on the S2 has magnitude Ngs = λ, the ’t Hooft coupling. We are able to make a number of checks, such as finding exa ..."
Abstract

Cited by 203 (23 self)
 Add to MetaCart
The ’t Hooft expansion of SU(N) ChernSimons theory on S3 is proposed to be exactly dual to the topological closed string theory on the S2 blow up of the conifold geometry. The Bfield on the S2 has magnitude Ngs = λ, the ’t Hooft coupling. We are able to make a number of checks, such as finding exact agreement at the level of the partition function computed on both sides for arbitrary λ and to all orders in 1/N. Moreover, it seems possible to derive this correspondence from a linear sigma model description of the conifold. We propose a picture whereby a perturbative Dbrane description, in terms of holes in the closed string worldsheet, arises automatically from the coexistence of two phases in the underlying U(1) gauge theory. This approach holds promise for a derivation of the AdS/CFT correspondence.
Relativistic Spin Networks and Quantum Gravity
 J. Math Phys
, 1998
"... Abstract. Relativistic spin networks are defined by considering the spin covering of the group SO(4), SU(2) × SU(2). Relativistic quantum spins are related to the geometry of the 2dimensional faces of a 4simplex. This extends the idea of Ponzano and Regge that SU(2) spins are related to the geome ..."
Abstract

Cited by 131 (14 self)
 Add to MetaCart
Abstract. Relativistic spin networks are defined by considering the spin covering of the group SO(4), SU(2) × SU(2). Relativistic quantum spins are related to the geometry of the 2dimensional faces of a 4simplex. This extends the idea of Ponzano and Regge that SU(2) spins are related to the geometry of the edges of a 3simplex. This leads us to suggest that there may be a 4dimensional state sum model for quantum gravity based on relativistic spin networks which parallels the construction of 3dimensional quantum gravity from ordinary spin networks.
Topological Gauge Theories and Group Cohomology
, 1989
"... We show that three dimensional ChernSimons gauge theories with a compact gauge group G (not necessarily connected or simply connected) can be classified by the integer cohomology group H 4 (BG, Z). In a similar way, possible WessZumino interactions of such a group G are classified by H 3 (G, Z). ..."
Abstract

Cited by 115 (2 self)
 Add to MetaCart
We show that three dimensional ChernSimons gauge theories with a compact gauge group G (not necessarily connected or simply connected) can be classified by the integer cohomology group H 4 (BG, Z). In a similar way, possible WessZumino interactions of such a group G are classified by H 3 (G, Z). The relation between three dimensional ChernSimons gauge theory and two dimensional sigma models involves a certain natural map from H 4 (BG, Z) to H 3 (G, Z). We generalize this correspondence to topological ‘spin ’ theories, which are defined on three manifolds with spin structure, and are related to what might be called Z2 graded chiral algebras (or chiral superalgebras) in two dimensions. Finally we discuss in some detail the formulation of these topological gauge theories for the special case of a finite group, establishing links with two dimensional (holomorphic) orbifold models.
Lectures on 2D YangMills Theory, Equivariant Cohomology and Topological Field Theories
, 1996
"... These are expository lectures reviewing (1) recent developments in twodimensional YangMills theory and (2) the construction of topological field theory Lagrangians. Topological field theory is discussed from the point of view of infinitedimensional differential geometry. We emphasize the unifying ..."
Abstract

Cited by 97 (7 self)
 Add to MetaCart
These are expository lectures reviewing (1) recent developments in twodimensional YangMills theory and (2) the construction of topological field theory Lagrangians. Topological field theory is discussed from the point of view of infinitedimensional differential geometry. We emphasize the unifying role of equivariant cohomology both as the underlying principle in the formulation of BRST transformation laws and as a central concept in the geometrical interpretation of topological field theory path integrals.
Intersection theory, integrable hierarchies and topological field theory
, 1992
"... In these lecture notes we review the various relations between intersection theory on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces, integrable hierarchies of KdV type, matrix models, and topological field theory. We focus in particular on the question why matrix integrals of the type considered by Kontsevic ..."
Abstract

Cited by 95 (5 self)
 Add to MetaCart
In these lecture notes we review the various relations between intersection theory on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces, integrable hierarchies of KdV type, matrix models, and topological field theory. We focus in particular on the question why matrix integrals of the type considered by Kontsevich naturally appear as τfunctions of integrable hierarchies related to topological minimal models.