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Analyzing Proofs in Analysis
 LOGIC: FROM FOUNDATIONS TO APPLICATIONS. EUROPEAN LOGIC COLLOQUIUM (KEELE
, 1993
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Mathematically Strong Subsystems of Analysis With Low Rate of Growth of Provably Recursive Functionals
, 1995
"... This paper is the first one in a sequel of papers resulting from the authors Habilitationsschrift [22] which are devoted to determine the growth in proofs of standard parts of analysis. A hierarchy (GnA # )n#I N of systems of arithmetic in all finite types is introduced whose definable objects of ..."
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Cited by 34 (21 self)
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This paper is the first one in a sequel of papers resulting from the authors Habilitationsschrift [22] which are devoted to determine the growth in proofs of standard parts of analysis. A hierarchy (GnA # )n#I N of systems of arithmetic in all finite types is introduced whose definable objects of type 1 = 0(0) correspond to the Grzegorczyk hierarchy of primitive recursive functions. We establish the following extraction rule for an extension of GnA # by quantifierfree choice ACqf and analytical axioms # having the form #x # #y ## sx#z # F0 (including also a `non standard' axiom F  which does not hold in the full settheoretic model but in the strongly majorizable functionals): From a proof GnA # +ACqf + # # #u 1 , k 0 #v ## tuk#w 0 A0(u, k, v, w) one can extract a uniform bound # such that #u 1 , k 0 #v ## tuk#w # #ukA0 (u, k, v, w) holds in the full settheoretic type structure. In case n = 2 (resp. n = 3) #uk is a polynomial (resp. an elementary recursive function) in k, u M := #x. max(u0, . . . , ux). In the present paper we show that for n # 2, GnA # +ACqf+F  proves a generalization of the binary Knig's lemma yielding new conservation results since the conclusion of the above rule can be verified in G max(3,n) A # in this case. In a subsequent paper we will show that many important ine#ective analytical principles and theorems can be proved already in G2A # +ACqf+# for suitable #. 1
A quantitative version of a theorem due to BorweinReichShafrir
 Numerical Functional Analysis and Optimization
, 2000
"... We give a quantitative analysis of a result due to Borwein, Reich and Shafrir on the asymptotic behaviour of the general KrasnoselskiMann iteration for nonexpansive selfmappings of convex sets in arbitrary normed spaces. Besides providing explicit bounds we also get new qualitative results concerni ..."
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Cited by 19 (13 self)
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We give a quantitative analysis of a result due to Borwein, Reich and Shafrir on the asymptotic behaviour of the general KrasnoselskiMann iteration for nonexpansive selfmappings of convex sets in arbitrary normed spaces. Besides providing explicit bounds we also get new qualitative results concerning the independence of the rate of convergence of the norm of that iteration from various input data. In the special case of bounded convex sets, where by wellknown results of Ishikawa, Edelstein/O'Brian and Goebel/Kirk the norm of the iteration converges to zero, we obtain uniform bounds which do not depend on the starting point of the iteration and the nonexpansive function, but only depend on the error #, an upper bound on the diameter of C and some very general information on the sequence of scalars # k used in the iteration. Only in the special situation, where # k := # is constant, uniform bounds were known in that bounded case. For the unbounded case, no quantitative information was ...
New Effective Moduli of Uniqueness and Uniform aPriori Estimates for Constants of Strong Unicity by Logical Analysis of Known Proofs in Best Approximation Theory
, 1993
"... Let U and V be complete separable metric spaces, Vu compact in V and G : U IR a continuous function. For a large class of (usually nonconstructive) proofs of uniqueness theorems Vu G(u, v1 ) = inf G(u, v) = G(u, v2) v1 = v2 one can extract an e#ective modulus of uniqueness # by ..."
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Cited by 16 (12 self)
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Let U and V be complete separable metric spaces, Vu compact in V and G : U IR a continuous function. For a large class of (usually nonconstructive) proofs of uniqueness theorems Vu G(u, v1 ) = inf G(u, v) = G(u, v2) v1 = v2 one can extract an e#ective modulus of uniqueness # by logical analysis, i.e.
On the computational content of the Krasnoselski and Ishikawa fixed point theorems
, 2000
"... This paper is a case study in proof mining applied to noneffective proofs in nonlinear functional analysis. More specifically, we are concerned with the fixed point theory of nonexpansive selfmappings f of convex sets C in normed spaces. We study the Krasnoselski iteration as well as more general ..."
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Cited by 11 (10 self)
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This paper is a case study in proof mining applied to noneffective proofs in nonlinear functional analysis. More specifically, we are concerned with the fixed point theory of nonexpansive selfmappings f of convex sets C in normed spaces. We study the Krasnoselski iteration as well as more general socalled KrasnoselskiMann iterations. These iterations converge to fixed points of f under certain compactness conditions. But, as we show, already for uniformly convex spaces in general no bound on the rate of convergence can be computed uniformly in f . This is related to the nonuniqueness of fixed points. However, the iterations yield even without any compactness assumption and for arbitrary normed spaces approximate fixed points of arbitrary quality for bounded C (asymptotic regularity, Ishikawa 1976). We apply proof theoretic techniques (developed in previous papers of us) to noneffective proofs of this regularity and extract effective uniform bounds on the rate of the asymptotic re...
Proof mining in L_1approximation
, 2001
"... In this paper we present another case study in the general project of proof mining which means the logical analysis of prima facie noneffective proofs with the aim of extracting new computationally relevant data. We use techniques based on monotone functional interpretation (developed in [17]) to a ..."
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Cited by 10 (4 self)
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In this paper we present another case study in the general project of proof mining which means the logical analysis of prima facie noneffective proofs with the aim of extracting new computationally relevant data. We use techniques based on monotone functional interpretation (developed in [17]) to analyze Cheney's simplification [6] of Jackson's original proof [10] from 1921 of the uniqueness of the best L 1 approximation of continuous functions f # C[0, 1] by polynomials p # Pn of degree # n. Cheney's proof is noneffective in the sense that it is based on classical logic and on the noncomputational principle WKL (binary Konig lemma). The result of our analysis provides the first e#ective (in all parameters f, n and #) uniform modulus of uniqueness (a concept which generalizes `strong uniqueness' studied extensively in approximation theory). Moreover, the extracted modulus has the optimal #dependency as follows from Kroo [21]. The paper also describes how the uniform modulus of uniqueness can be used to compute the best L 1 approximations of a fixed f # C[0, 1] with arbitrary precision. We use this result to give a complexity upper bound on the computation of the best L 1 approximation in [24].
On the Computational Complexity of Best ...Approximation
 In preparation
"... We give an upper bound on the complexity of the sequence (p n ) n#N of best L 1  approximations of a polynomialtime computable function on the interval [0, 1] from the space of polynomials of bounded degree Pn . The analysis makes essential use of the modulus of uniqueness for L 1 approximation p ..."
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We give an upper bound on the complexity of the sequence (p n ) n#N of best L 1  approximations of a polynomialtime computable function on the interval [0, 1] from the space of polynomials of bounded degree Pn . The analysis makes essential use of the modulus of uniqueness for L 1 approximation presented in [KO01]. 1
Proof Mining in L_1approximation (Extended Abstract)
"... We report on the extraction (presented in [KO01]) of the first e#ective uniform modulus of uniqueness (this notion is defined in section 2) for best polynomial L 1approximation of continuous functions from the ine#ective proof of uniqueness due to Cheney. The ..."
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We report on the extraction (presented in [KO01]) of the first e#ective uniform modulus of uniqueness (this notion is defined in section 2) for best polynomial L 1approximation of continuous functions from the ine#ective proof of uniqueness due to Cheney. The