Results 1  10
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23
Zeroes of Zeta Functions and Symmetry
, 1999
"... Hilbert and Polya suggested that there might be a natural spectral interpretation of the zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function. While at the time there was little evidence for this, today the evidence is quite convincing. Firstly, there are the “function field” analogues, that is zeta functions of cur ..."
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Cited by 105 (2 self)
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Hilbert and Polya suggested that there might be a natural spectral interpretation of the zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function. While at the time there was little evidence for this, today the evidence is quite convincing. Firstly, there are the “function field” analogues, that is zeta functions of curves over finite fields and their generalizations. For these a spectral interpretation for their zeroes exists in terms of eigenvalues of Frobenius on cohomology. Secondly, the developments, both theoretical and numerical, on the local spacing distributions between the high zeroes of the zeta function and its generalizations give striking evidence for such a spectral connection. Moreover, the lowlying zeroes of various families of zeta functions follow laws for the eigenvalue distributions of members of the classical groups. In this paper we review these developments. In order to present the material fluently, we do not proceed in chronological order of discovery. Also, in concentrating entirely on the subject matter of the title, we are ignoring the standard body of important work that has been done on the zeta function and Lfunctions.
Random Matrix Theory and ζ(1/2 + it)
, 2000
"... We study the characteristic polynomials Z(U,#)of matrices U in the Circular Unitary Ensemble (CUE) of Random Matrix Theory. Exact expressions for any matrix size N are derived for the moments of and Z/Z # , and from these we obtain the asymptotics of the value distributions and cumulants of the re ..."
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Cited by 85 (15 self)
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We study the characteristic polynomials Z(U,#)of matrices U in the Circular Unitary Ensemble (CUE) of Random Matrix Theory. Exact expressions for any matrix size N are derived for the moments of and Z/Z # , and from these we obtain the asymptotics of the value distributions and cumulants of the real and imaginary parts of log Z as N ##. In the
The Riemann Zeros and Eigenvalue Asymptotics
 SIAM Rev
, 1999
"... Comparison between formulae for the counting functions of the heights t n of the Riemann zeros and of semiclassical quantum eigenvalues En suggests that the t n are eigenvalues of an (unknown) hermitean operator H, obtained by quantizing a classical dynamical system with hamiltonian H cl . Many feat ..."
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Cited by 42 (5 self)
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Comparison between formulae for the counting functions of the heights t n of the Riemann zeros and of semiclassical quantum eigenvalues En suggests that the t n are eigenvalues of an (unknown) hermitean operator H, obtained by quantizing a classical dynamical system with hamiltonian H cl . Many features of H cl are provided by the analogy; for example, the "Riemann dynamics" should be chaotic and have periodic orbits whose periods are multiples of logarithms of prime numbers. Statistics of the t n have a similar structure to those of the semiclassical En ; in particular, they display randommatrix universality at short range, and nonuniversal behaviour over longer ranges. Very refined features of the statistics of the t n can be computed accurately from formulae with quantum analogues. The RiemannSiegel formula for the zeta function is described in detail. Its interpretation as a relation between long and short periodic orbits gives further insights into the quantum spectral fluctuations. We speculate that the Riemann dynamics is related to the trajectories generated by the classical hamiltonian H cl = XP. Key words. spectral asymptotics, number theory AMS subject classifications. 11M26, 11M06, 35P20, 35Q40, 41A60, 81Q10, 81Q50 PII. S0036144598347497 1.
Random matrix theory and the derivative of the Riemann zeta function
, 2000
"... Random matrix theory (RMT) is used to model the asymptotics of the discrete moments of the derivative of the Riemann zeta function, ? (s), evaluated at the complex zeros + iγn, using the methods introduced by Keating and Snaith in [14]. We also discuss the probability distribution of ln ? ´(1/2 + ..."
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Cited by 34 (7 self)
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Random matrix theory (RMT) is used to model the asymptotics of the discrete moments of the derivative of the Riemann zeta function, ? (s), evaluated at the complex zeros + iγn, using the methods introduced by Keating and Snaith in [14]. We also discuss the probability distribution of ln ? ´(1/2 + iγn), proving the central limit theorem for the corresponding random matrix distribution and analysing its large deviations.
Autocorrelation of random matrix polynomials
 COMMUN. MATH. PHYS
, 2003
"... We calculate the autocorrelation functions (or shifted moments) of the characteristic polynomials of matrices drawn uniformly with respect to Haar measure from the groups U(N), O(2N) and USp(2N). In each case the result can be expressed in three equivalent forms: as a determinant sum (and hence in t ..."
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Cited by 32 (17 self)
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We calculate the autocorrelation functions (or shifted moments) of the characteristic polynomials of matrices drawn uniformly with respect to Haar measure from the groups U(N), O(2N) and USp(2N). In each case the result can be expressed in three equivalent forms: as a determinant sum (and hence in terms of symmetric polynomials), as a combinatorial sum, and as a multiple contour integral. These formulae are analogous to those previously obtained for the Gaussian ensembles of Random Matrix Theory, but in this case are identities for any size of matrix, rather than largematrix asymptotic approximations. They also mirror exactly the autocorrelation formulae conjectured to hold for Lfunctions in a companion paper. This then provides further evidence in support of the connection between Random Matrix Theory and the theory of Lfunctions.
Random matrices and Lfunctions
 J. PHYS A MATH GEN
, 2003
"... In recent years there has been a growing interest in connections between the statistical properties of number theoretical Lfunctions and random matrix theory. We review the history of these connections, some of the major achievements and a number of applications. ..."
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Cited by 19 (7 self)
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In recent years there has been a growing interest in connections between the statistical properties of number theoretical Lfunctions and random matrix theory. We review the history of these connections, some of the major achievements and a number of applications.
Developments in random matrix theory
 J. Phys. A: Math. Gen
, 2000
"... In this preface to the Journal of Physics A, Special Edition on Random Matrix Theory, we give a review of the main historical developments of random matrix theory. A short summary of the papers that appear in this special edition is also given. 1 1 ..."
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Cited by 17 (0 self)
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In this preface to the Journal of Physics A, Special Edition on Random Matrix Theory, we give a review of the main historical developments of random matrix theory. A short summary of the papers that appear in this special edition is also given. 1 1
Derivatives of random matrix characteristic polynomials with applications to elliptic curves
 J. Phys. A
"... The value distribution of derivatives of characteristic polynomials of matrices from SO(N) is calculated at the point 1, the symmetry point on the unit circle of the eigenvalues of these matrices. We consider subsets of matrices from SO(N) that are constrained to have at least n eigenvalues equal to ..."
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Cited by 13 (3 self)
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The value distribution of derivatives of characteristic polynomials of matrices from SO(N) is calculated at the point 1, the symmetry point on the unit circle of the eigenvalues of these matrices. We consider subsets of matrices from SO(N) that are constrained to have at least n eigenvalues equal to 1, and investigate the first nonzero derivative of the characteristic polynomial at that point. The connection between the values of random matrix characteristic polynomials and values of Lfunctions in families has been wellestablished. The motivation for this work is the expectation that through this connection with Lfunctions derived from families of elliptic curves, and using the Birch and SwinnertonDyer conjecture to relate values of the Lfunctions to the rank of elliptic curves, random matrix theory will be useful in probing important questions concerning these ranks. 1
On the spacing distribution of the Riemann zeros : corrections to the asymptotic result
 J. Phys. A : Math. Gen
"... It has been conjectured that the statistical properties of zeros of the Riemann zeta function near z = 1/2 + iE tend, as E → ∞, to the distribution of eigenvalues of large random matrices from the Unitary Ensemble. At finite E numerical results show that the nearestneighbour spacing distribution pr ..."
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Cited by 11 (1 self)
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It has been conjectured that the statistical properties of zeros of the Riemann zeta function near z = 1/2 + iE tend, as E → ∞, to the distribution of eigenvalues of large random matrices from the Unitary Ensemble. At finite E numerical results show that the nearestneighbour spacing distribution presents deviations with respect to the conjectured asymptotic form. We give here arguments indicating that to leading order these deviations are the same as those of unitary random matrices of finite dimension Neff = log(E/2π) / √ 12Λ, where Λ = 1.57314... is a well defined constant. 1
2003 Random matrix theory and the zeros of ζ
 Preprint mathph/0207044
"... Abstract. We study the density of the roots of the derivative of the characteristic polynomial Z(U, z) of an N × N random unitary matrix with distribution given by Haar measure on the unitary group. Based on previous random matrix theory models of the Riemann zeta function ζ(s), this is expected to ..."
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Cited by 10 (0 self)
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Abstract. We study the density of the roots of the derivative of the characteristic polynomial Z(U, z) of an N × N random unitary matrix with distribution given by Haar measure on the unitary group. Based on previous random matrix theory models of the Riemann zeta function ζ(s), this is expected to be an accurate description for the horizontal distribution of the zeros of ζ ′ (s) to the right of the critical line. We show that as N → ∞ the fraction of roots of Z ′ (U, z) that lie in the region 1−x/(N −1) ≤ z  < 1 tends to a limit function. We derive asymptotic expressions for this function in the limits x → ∞ and x → 0 and compare them with numerical experiments. Mathematics Subject Classification: 15A52, 11M99Random matrix theory and the zeros of ζ ′ (s) 2 1.